Liberal feminists argue that our society holds the false belief that women are, by nature, less intelligent and physically incapable than men. It tends to discriminate women in the academy, the political forum, and the market place. Liberal feminists believe that women’s subordination is rooted in a set of customary and legal constraints. Such constraints block the women’s progress and success in the public world. Liberal feminist aims to show that as a human being the capacities of man and women are equal and it fights for the political, legal and economic equality for women.
Where they differ, they are not comparable. A perfect woman and a perfect man ought not to resemble each other in mind any more than in looks, and perfection is not susceptible of more or less. In the union of the sexes each contributes equally to the common aim, but not in the same way. From this diversity arises the first assignable difference in the moral relations of the two sexes.” Rousseau states that women should be "passive and weak", "put up little resistance" and are "made specially to please man". Wollstonecraft wonders how someone as Rousseau “lowers his sentiments when describing women and interprets his words as the rationalization that women are in fact, considered either moral beings, or extremely weak that they must be entirely subject to “the supreme faculties of men.
Society views men and women differently in many ways. Men are usually recognized as the leaders and dominant ones. But, women are viewed worthless in business and only great at housework. In the book We Should All Be Feminists, by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, she argues how there is a problem with gender and a feminist is a man or woman who will take action to change that problem. Adichie argues that women’s rights are human rights and both genders should approach change together.
Similarly to with education, Wollstonecraft is a strong critic of Rousseau’s ideas in relation to socialization. It can be inferred from Rousseau’s work that he believes that women are innately subservient as he believes that their central purpose in life is to please men. Wollstonecraft uses Rousseau’s work titled Emilius and Sophia: Or, a New System of Education to exemplify this notion as she mentions two characters from the piece named Sophia and Emilius who abide by stereotypical gender norms (Wollstonecraft, 78). Using these characters, Rousseau attempted to prove that “woman ought to be weak and passive, because she has less bodily strength than man and hence infers, that she was formed to please and to be subject to him” (Wollstonecraft, 78). Although Wollstonecraft agrees with Rousseau that women are biologically not as strong as men, she does not believe that physical strength is a reason for women to be seen as subsidiary to men.
Femininity is formed through patriarchal ideas. This means that femininity is always set up as inferior to men. As a result, women as a group lack the same level of cultural power as men. Women do have agency to resist these ideals. Women can actively challenge gender norms by refusing to let patriarchy define how they portray and reconstruct their femininity.
In the article, it is evident that Judy Syfers is giving the viewpoint from a man’s desires and wants. She is explicitly stating all the stereotypical roles that a normal wife would play if a man had complete control and choice. This is proved with repetition of the phrase “I want a wife who” throughout the article. Disappointingly, even after countless attempts by both genders to defy gender inequality in society, gender inequality has been adopted into modern times. But how do all of these statistics relate to Judy Syfers and her article I Want a Wife?
She uses the metaphor of “eclipse” for marriage. The adjective “soft” with metaphor seems to support marriage tie, but an eclipse itself indicates darkness and reclusion. Dickinson wanted to highlight the insignificance of woman as a result of marriage contract but in a patriarchal society their mindset is that they become superior and significant only by getting married and look down upon the girls just the way the people of heaven give inferior look to the people of earth. This inferior perspective from wife to girl is very ironic because women are in false conscience that they are only acceptable and can enjoy their life when they get married otherwise as a girl they have to face many problems in a society. The poetess is making a feminist point that this concept is wrong and she is of the view that the institution of marriage reduces a woman to a mere object that has to follow blindly the wishes of her husband.
There’s a power balance between the three men and the two women in The Reeve's Tale that is influenced by patriarchal values. The author limits actions performed by female characters to carry stereotypical assumptions of gender expectations. If you examine closely, the miller's wife is unnamed purposefully because she is considered untrustworthy and invaluable to Symkyn. Also, any credibility that is given to a female, has to have a man present to accept those responsibilities. This formulates that women cannot exist without having some type of man to establish their credibility.
There also exists a dispute that has been divided into two groups; minimizers and maximizers. Minimizers are the ones that are will to minimize the difference between men and women in order to undermine the category of women. When maximizers are claiming to revalue women and empower them by reclaiming the category assigned for them. Which in this case it is kind of contradictory. Feminism is about equality, all about being equal yet not same, but, this group of “maximizers” are seeking for an entirely different end than most feminism are,
In my opinion, it is not the transgender who is terrible and it has nothing to do with them that cause society to act impolite. Well, hate and disrespect for each other is a human trait. To many people, gender roles are a fundamental part of their worldview, of how the world is and should be. To such people, the idea that these roles are changeable rather than set in stone, that a person can switch these roles, feels like an existential threat. The logical is something like ‘’if men can become women, then nothing is certain”.