Martin Luther King Jr. Facts Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. King, a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mid-1950s. Among his many efforts, King headed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Through his activism and inspirational speeches he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the United States, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, among several other honors.
E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. As segregation regimes took hold in the South in the 1890s with the tacit approval of the rest of the country, many African Americans found a champion in Booker T. Washington and adopted his self-help autobiography, Up from Slavery (1901), as their guide book to improve fortunes. Washington portrayed his own life in such a way as to suggest that even the most disadvantaged of black people could attain dignity and prosperity in the South by providing themselves valuable, productive members of society deserving of fair and equal treatment before the law. A classic American success story, Up from Slavery solidified Washington’s reputation as the most eminent African American of the new century.
Malcolm X was an American Muslim leader who contributed to the Civil Rights Movement by spreading his ideas of black nationalism in the 1950s and early ’60s. He was an influential figure in a black Islamic organization, Nation of Islam, and served as a spokesperson for the organization. He was assassinated on February 21, 1965 while making a speech in Harlem. After his death, his life story was made well-known through his autobiography, The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965) (Mamiya 1). Malcolm X is a man whose background and activism contributed to the Civil Rights Movement and America as a whole.
Racism is a prominent issue or a serious problem in the American society since the beginning and the Americans are still struggling to eradicate this problem from their land. American soil has witnessed civil rights movements concerning this issue in the past. However in 1920, a movement got initiated to promote black identity known as Harlem Renaissance. It was also a fine arts movement that led to an increase in black confidence, literacy rate, and black culture. Writers wrote about their roots and the current society.
The legendary abolitionist and orator Frederick Douglass was one of the most important social reformers of the nineteenth century. Being born into slavery on a Maryland Eastern Shore plantation to his mother, Harriet Bailey, and a white man, most likely Douglass’s first master was the starting point of his rise against the enslavement of African-Americans. Nearly 200 years after Douglass’s birth and 122 years after his death, The social activist’s name and accomplishments continue to inspire the progression of African-American youth in modern society. Through his ability to overcome obstacles, his strive for a better life through education, and his success despite humble beginnings, Frederick Douglass’s aspirations stretched his influence through
He became a figurehead of the struggle of African-Americans in the fight for equality. During his time as an activist, as a young pastor, he aided in leading the Montogomery bus boycott following the arrest of Rosa Parks from his church. The boycott was a grand success, lasting thirteen months, and ended in the U.S Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses was unconstitutional, a huge advancement early in his activist career. From Montogemry similar protests began to spread across the Southern United States, leading Marting Luther King Jr to found the SCLC, or Southern Christian Leadership Conference, to help organize and unify non-violent protest attempts. Today, the SCLC is fighting for the equal rights of everyone, regardless of race, gender, religion or background.
A second impact Martin luther King did to change the country was in 1955 he became heavily notice in Montgomery and the Alabama boycott of the city buses. King’s prominence in the Civil Rights Movement gained respect of many political leaders and gave him the potential power to enact major change . Martin also had a vision of nonviolence , King refuses to use violent actions in any of his protest , and taught his followers. Based on the principles if Gandhi, King’s beliefs and behavior was a major in influence on society. Martin luther king was responsible for passing of the Civil rights act and Voting rights act for African American in the mid 1960s.
In the year of 1955, Emmett Till had been brutally murdered by the suspected Roy Bryant and J. W. Milam. On August 20, Till had gone to stay for two-weeks with his relatives in the town of Money, Mississippi. Four days after arriving to Money, Emmett and some of his relatives drove to the local grocery and meat market. In the grocery store, Emmett Till had pursued flirting with the cashier, Carolyn Bryant, and even grabbed her by the waist. Once outside the store, Till had even whistled at the cashier, something not acceptable for African-Americans to do towards whites at this time.
The boycott by african americans began on the day of Rosa Park’s trial, December 5th, 1955. As news spread about the boycott, it began to have an
The concept of moving up in social ranks amongst black people introduces the statuses of the folk, the bourgeois, and the proletarians, to African American society and literature. The writers of the Harlem Renaissance produce work that focuses on ideas like race, class, marriage, and identity. African American writers who move north now have something more to write about than just the “poor negro.” These writers are now able to add depth to their characters and give them