Due to his high-profile position with the NAACP, Evers became a target for those who opposed racial equality and desegregation. He and his family were subjected to numerous threats and violent actions over the years, including a firebombing of their house in May 1963. At 12:40 a.m. on June 12, 1963, Evers was shot in the back in the driveway of his home in Jackson. He died less than a hour later at a nearby hospital. Evers was buried with military in Arlington National Cemetery, and the NAACP awarded him their 1963 Spingarn Medal.
Stopped all discrimination in public accommodations. Allowed federal funds. Banned discrimination by employers and unions. Fighting for voting rights- Workers register AAs and black voters.
The brutal attack and the deaths of the four little girls shocked the nation and drew international attention to the struggle of violence in Birmingham. Many whites were as outraged by the incident as blacks and offered services and condolences to the families. Over, 8,000 people attended the girls ' funeral service at Reverend John Porter 's Sixth Avenue Baptist
And I made the decision that I had business in Mississippi, and my coming back dead or alive was of less importance than me being there on the scene alive as long as I can maintain life.” As you can see she choose to go down south,to avenge her son and seek justice yet when it came time for the verdict the jury(which consisted of all white men) found the accused(Roy Bryant and J.W Milam) not guilty. Luckily she was not the only one there on the behalf of Emmett Louis Till, Emmett’s great uncle stood up and said “Their the that came to my house and took the boy.” Everyone in the courtroom was shocked beyond amazement(for it was unheard for a black man to accuse a white man of something, especially of a crime of
Racial and ethnicity discrimination in the justice system have been around since the beginning of this country against “Negroid” . Writing this research paper brings me back to the first book I ever read; “The Emmett Till Story;” which should be a reminder how awful our justice system can be. The problem we are having today in America is that Emmett Till’s story is still going on in 2017. The story goes like this per emmetttillmurder.com “While visiting family in Money, Mississippi, 14-year-old Emmett Till, an African American from Chicago, is brutally murdered for flirting with a white woman four days earlier.” Now this is we their system have fail, and continued to nose-dive the Negroid around in America.
The graphic memoir, March, is a biography about Congressman John Lewis’ young life in rural Alabama which provides a great insight into lives of black families in 1940s and 50s under Jim Crow and segregation laws. March opens with a violent march at the Edmund Pettus Bridge, which the gruesome acts later became known as “Bloody Sunday,” during this march, 600 peaceful civil rights protestors were attacked by the Alabama state troopers for not listening to their commands. The story then goes back and forth depicts Lewis growing up in rural Alabama and President Obama’s inauguration in 2009. This story of a civil rights pioneer, John Lewis, portrays a strong influence between geography, community, and politics. The correlation between these pillars of March is that they have to coexist with other in order for John Lewis to exist that the world knows today.
“Selma to Montgomery”, a report written by Chuck Stone in the February of 2000, is about African Americans marching together to Montgomery to fight for their equal rights. Even after the freedom summer in 1964, blacks remained unable to vote, but it wasn’t very long until a new project took action. A march across highway 80 from Selma, Dallas to Montgomery was the plan. It took a great deal of courage and determination for them to go through with it, especially since the people of the white race caught them and forced them to halt multiple times, making them end their march. Alabama state troopers confronted the people of colour at the Edmund Pettus Bridge, during their first attempt to march “The troopers began to push them back; marchers
People looked at Rosa Parks and decided to start the bus boycott, because at the webpage here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_Bus_Boycott, it shows this: “The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955—when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person—to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.” Martin Luther King Jr. had changed segregation all over the United States by giving his whole life, right here:
The Birmingham Campaign The Birmingham Campaign was the real beginning of the civil rights movement because? It is regarded as the first large- scale demonstration against segregation in the United States, the Campaign led the United states and Montgomery laws segregating buses to be unconstitutional, and the Birmingham Campaign ended with a victory, local officials agreed to remove “white Only” and “Black Only” signs. Segregation in the mid 1950’s was common and legally enforced throughout the America south. Birmingham, Alabama was a hotspot of black activism in disagreement to segregationist policies.
One historic example of racial bias in the police force is Dr.King 's march from Selma. In Marion, Alabama on February 18, a group of peaceful demonstrators were attacked by white segregationists. During this attack one of the younger demonstrators, Jimmie Lee Jackson, was killed by a state trooper. In response, Dr Martin Luther King led a 54 mile march early in 1965 in Montgomery, Alabama from Selma that lasted five days to the capital where many oppressed black citizens had been campaigning for voting rights including, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). On Sunday, March 7, 1965 protesters got ready to go to Montgomery but Alabama state police officers with weapons
On December 1, 1955, civil rights leaders asserted the local segregation laws by capitalizing Rosa Park 's refusal, in giving up her seat to a white man. The president of the Nation Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was E.D Nixon and the leader of the Women 's Political Council (WPC) was Jo Ann Robinson. The day of Park 's court hearing, the boycott of public buses in Montgomery began and continued for 381 days. On June 5, 1956, the Federal District Court decided that it was unconstitutional to have segregated bus seating. The Montgomery Bus Boycott succeeded by advocating nonviolent protest, implementing the starting point in the fight for racial equality, and bringing various groups together through constructive
struggle in Alabama. The law of segregated public transportation was later lifted after the city of Montgomery was defeated in several court rulings, which led to large financial losses. The boycott lasted for 382 days and those days were full of violence and harassment. It included attacks on MLK Jr’s house and E.D Nixon’s house (E.D Nixon was the head of the Montgomery NAACP branch).
The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr In early April 1968, shock waves reverberated around the world with the news that U.S. civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. had been assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. A Baptist minister and founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), King had led the civil rights movement since the mid-1950s, using a combination of powerful words and non-violent tactics such as sit-ins, boycotts and protest marches (including the massive March on Washington in 1963) to fight segregation and achieve significant civil and voting rights advances for African Americans. His assassination led to an outpouring of anger among black Americans, as well as a period of national mourning that helped speed the way for an equal housing bill that would be the last significant legislative achievement of the civil rights era.
After the civil war in 1861-65, slavery ended, African-Americans were made citizens and allowed to vote. However these laws were often ignored and new laws were passed in the southern states to separate the black from the white in public. After almost 100 years of being threated as second-class citizens, the Civil Rights Movement began. Many consider the well-known story of Rosa Parks refusing to give her seat on the bus to a white man as the spark that ignited the beginning of a movement. The African-Americans started to boycott the bus system and chose the world famous and former Nobel Prize winner Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as the leader of their protest.
Yazmin Espinoza Mrs. Holloman AVID 16, May 2016 Great Leader Research Paper Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s work and life were influenced by the fact that many African Americans in the South suffered from violence and from being treated as a second-class citizen. Segregation, sit-ins, “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, and Jim Crow laws may have influenced the life and work of Martin Luther King Jr. for civil rights. The landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, demonstrated that “ separate but equal” violated the 14th amendment of the United States of Constitution. As one of the thirteen parents of the Brown v. Board of Education case, filed a lawsuit on Topeka school board because their African American child was unable to attend