Person-Centered Theory Human nature (assumption) Person-Centered Theory (PCT) is a theory that develops by an American Psychologist in 1930s which is Carl Rogers. Person-Centered Theory is an approach to counselling and psychotherapy that places much of the responsibility for the treatment process on the client, with the therapist taking a nondirective role. According to Carl Rogers, he stated that a person needs an environment that provides them with genuineness, acceptance and empathy (Saul McLeod 2014).
Throughout one’s life, it is expected that these archetypal expectations crash with other experiences. This can lead to an internal conflict through the inevitable defenses of the ego. Jung recognized that the ego must be released from these disturbances or 'complexes' as he asserted them in order for individuals to live a full and meaningful life, in which their energy can be put to a more productive use. Jung believed that the best way to bring the unconscious elements into consciousness is by building a trusting and understanding relationship between the client and psychologist. The quality of this relationship ensures the clients comfort so they can openly speak about their problems, providing the necessary support and security to assist the progress of their awareness and self-actualization transformation that will help them overcome what is limiting their psychological wholeness.
Self-Assessment Evaluation The self-assessment evaluation signifies some essential traits and strengths whereby, critical understanding of this analysis can adequately improve my capabilities and personality in management skills. However, my present results in self-awareness are unsatisfactory to me, particularly in emotional intelligence. Personally, I am sensitive to issues, but I have learned to maintain my calm (sentiments), more so, when disappointed by an individual or a situation, which may result to negative implications such as making illogical or unreasonable decisions. Nevertheless, the only positive thing with such weakness is that I always understand other people’s emotions, which means, I rarely hurt anybody, but I still end up
Although members are quite used to students on placement, understandably my presence at first created feelings of uncertainty, distrust and tension among group members. My own lack of confidence and assertiveness no doubt contributed to this, and although group facilitation required me to establish a relationship with participants, I appreciated that I had to earn the space to do this. Lee (2003), offers an interesting explanation of the difficulties for group facilitators in setting themselves apart from the group, whilst also being acceptable to them. I therefore felt it would be helpful to establish a relationship with the group, before responding to members individually, so that I could observe how each member of the group interacted with others. In doing so I came to understand how group work requires systemic thinking, that recognises how the actions of individuals are linked with the context of the wider group.
11 Humans seem to make the same immediate connection between the tone of voice and other vocal expressions and inner feeling. Recognitions that are both accurate and tolerable are central features of empathy. 12 Empathy necessarily has a "more or less" quality. The paradigm case of an empathic interaction, however, involves a person communicating an accurate recognition of the significance of another person's ongoing intentional actions, associated emotional states, and personal characteristics in a manner that the recognized person can tolerate. Empathy is a selfless act that enables us to learn more about people and relationships with people - it is a desirable skill beneficial to ourselves, others and society.
During the fifth step, the person should be ready to take part in the situations, which had previously caused many difficulties. There are internal borders, within which we feel safe because there we were all familiar and habitual. The internal frame does not allow a person to develop their weaknesses. The development of the new is usually going beyond the boundaries of the comfort zone, but it is the only way possible to overcome personal
There are times in the life of every person when he may feel anxious and depressed, things may not be going the way he had planned them to be. It is a fact, if you are determined towards a goal; it is obvious that you will face challenges. These are the situations when we rediscover ourselves, chart the way forward and realign our lives. In this time of adversity most of us get inspiration from quotes, we find relief in the struggles of others and how they managed to overcome them.
Then follows the safety needs which are mostly acquired by infants and adults these needs can over- power their personality Kendra (1971). The need for belongingness and love will then be the next one on the hierarchy as it is classified into friends and family. The esteem needs follows the belongingness needs this is based on gaining recognition. The last one will be the self-actualization need which completes the development of the self on the realism manner especially on personal morals Kendra (1971).
They carried out two experiments, which Group 1 were asked to immediate recall the words after memorizing them and Group 2 took a 30 seconds distraction task before recalling, where the procedure is the same as Group 1. Researchers found that delaying recall by 30 seconds deteriorate the recency effect by 30%. Therefore, this study providing evidence that words at the end of the list are still in the short-term memory and the distraction task affected recency effects as it interferes with short-term
This might be a sign of lacking awareness of problem. Emotional intelligence refers to a person’s abilities to perceive, identify, understand, and successfully manage emotions in self and others. Being emotionally intelligent means being able to effectively manage ourself and our relationships. A leader need a high degree of emotional intelligence to regulate their emotions and motivate others.
Besides it is expected to experience failure on occasions. The focus is help clients continue to get back up and be persistent. Clients will learn to avoid feeling sorry for themselves and be motivated to experience change. Part helping the clients to feel at ease with difficult tasks is by incorprate rest days, cheat days, and rewards. Sticking to a program does not mean that clients are not allowed to take a certain day off to enjoy rest or a treat.
When being honest, a person can see how they truly appear and shape who they can become. The reason I believe that I am honest is that I observe and reflect on the actions I take so that I can properly change myself according to the situation. The integrity of a person is another major part of honesty, where I treat other people the way I want them to treat me. This is another reason why friendships and relationships can last a long time, and also why I am able to easily avoid escalating a situation. This is crucial when handling people who have been physically hurt, as they can become aggressive.
It should not be expected to end in a single conversation. Depressed people tend to withdraw from others and isolate themselves, so concern and willingness should be expressed over and over again. Finally, it 's important to know what 's good to say to a depressed person and what isn 't. For instance, it 's very important to try to develop positive thinking in a depressed person saying that it will all change soon instead of reminding that person that other
hree intertwining concepts: Self-kindness versus self-judgment, a sense of common humanity versus isolation, and mindfulness verse over-identification. These three aspects are each primary building blocks to helping an individual achieve self-compassion. People that have strong self-criticism tend to lack Self-kindness, but treat others better than they would treat themselves (Neff, 2003a). Self-kindness is seeing yourself in a more positive aspect and learning to stop and exercise kind words toward yourself when you’re in pain. We are often self-critical without much notice and don 't realize the unconscious effect it has on everyday function.