Dozier's Theory Of Emotional Intelligence

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While the term “emotional intelligence” was first introduced to English language readers in a dissertation by Payne in 1986, the initial formal definition was published four years later by Salovey and Mayer around 1990, who defined the construct as an ability, specifically an ability to perceive emotions in self and others, to understand emotions and ultimately to manage emotions. The concept was subsequently popularised by New York Times journalist, Daniel Goleman in 1995, whose book, Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ, became a bestseller and was even featured on the cover of Time Magazine. Mayer and Salovey in 1997 later refined their definition into the “four branch” model, which involves four abilities which will be…show more content…
Dozier was a U.S. Army Brigadier General who was kidnapped by the Red Brigades, an Italian terrorist group. During the initial days his captives were euphoric with excitement and were agitated and irrational at times and he felt that his life was in danger. To save himself, he remembered something he had learned about emotion in an Executive Development Programme at the Centre for Creative Leadership in Greensboro, North Carolina. Adding that, Dozier actually experienced it life and gave us an initial framework to identify what it is: “The ability to perceive and express emotion, assimilate emotion in thought, understand and reason with emotion and regulate it in the self and others” (Mayer, Salovey, & Caruso 2000). Dozier could perceive accurately the emotional reactions of his captors and he also diagnosed the danger that those reactions posed for him. By regulating his emotions and then expressing them effectively, he was able to manage the emotions of his captors. This incident illustrates emotional intelligence in action. After the account of Dozier, Singh noted that the concept of emotional intelligence has become so popular in management literature that it has become imperative to understand and be aware of the research and theory on which it is based. It is also useful to consider how emotional intelligence is important for…show more content…
Stream 1 measures which test emotional abilities on actual tasks, strike us as the most accurate measures of emotional intelligence, although they may reflect some contamination from IQ and personality measures (Antonakis in Antonakis, Ashkanasy & Dasborough,2009). We place Stream 1 measures well within the “zone of validity for measurement of emotional intelligence.” Stream 3 are on our view outside that zone, and appear much closer to personality measures; as we noted earlier, one of these measures (Petrides & Furnham, 2001) is explicitly referred to as a “trait” measure, so we place it squarely in the “zone of validity for measurement of social skills and personality”. The same holds for another Stream 3 self-report scale (Palmer, Stough, Harmer, & Gignac, 2009), which was even developed from a factor analysis of personality scale items. Stream 2 measures straddle the boundary between validity for measurement of emotional intelligence and social

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