Rules generally promote the greater good, it is intended to guide us to make the best decisions for what needs to be done. Two different forms of Rule utilitarianism, firstly strong rule utilitarianism were the rules are absolute and give no reason to break the rules at any time or place. A weak rule utilitarian could be prepaired to brake rules for the greater good , which offers possible solutions to the weaknesses of strong rule rules . rules can help people with less cognitive ability to benefit each other in the long run. utilitarian rules can help humans understand both higher and lower quality of
Politically correct language is a language of respect, it is intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society. First, politically correct is based on the idea from Sapir-Whorf that language shapes thought. It is a Linguistic Determinism which states that the language we speak determines how we perceive and think about the world. Therefore, changing a discriminative word can also change the negative thoughts associated with what it signifies. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is now no longer accepted in its absolute form, but the weak version of the hypothesis is generally accepted by scholars.
Culturally competent service providers are aware of how their own cultural backgrounds, experiences, attitudes, values, and biases influence psychological processes. Although cultural competence is presented as a progressive and positive force for the challenge racism and discrimination There are a few obstacles that make it difficult to implement and in fact, achieved for the social worker and employers. Critique of cultural competence Critiqued that cultural competence for being unreachable. Critiqued that Could be privileging group characteristics over individuality – opens for stereotyping. Critiqued for implying that a client’s culture can be understood by the social worker who reads about cultures and asks questions, but the reality is more complex.
Audience’s feeling and attitude is so fundamental in bolstering one organization. Hopes of an organization in reducing the offensiveness increased whenever it tries to bolster up by the audience’s positive perception. A second possibility is to try to minimize the negative feelings associated with the wrongful act (Benoit, 1997). The organization is able to reduce the offensiveness to the lowest possible level or prevent it from increasing beyond the level if it can minimize the risk of an unpleasant situation and make it seems less significant than it really is. Third, a firm can employ differentiation, in which the act is distinguished from other similar but more offensive actions (Benoit, 1997).
Culture influences personal biases and helps develop a personalized vision of the world. In any society, there exist certain cultural stereotypes that influence how people from certain cultures are treated. The influence of such stereotypes cannot be undermined as they may lead to negative treatment of certain ethnic groups. However, as the world continues to evolve and more information becomes available on individual as well as cultural differences, the acceptance of
It aims to discover and promote the factors that allow the human beings and the civilisation to thrive. Positive psychology is grounded in the belief that people want to have and lead a peaceful and meaningful as well as a fulfilling life. They want to cultivate what is best in them and to enhance their experiences and perception of love, work and play. This branch of psychology is intended to enhance
Because motivation for culture adaptation, one will adjust actions to suit the situation. One’s social skills and behaviors are based on self-regulation and self-awareness.. Only when one reaches the self-awareness, he/she can acknowledge the cultural cues in unfamiliar cultural environment. They will have the empathy and understanding for shortage or weird traditional custom which can be totally unlike their couture. It is clear that cultural intelligence requires some components of emotional one and vice
And disobedience can be also seen from the lens of dissent and deviance. What is considered deviant can change with time and depends on context (Hornsey & Jetten, 2014). Possible explanations for deviance and disobedience is provided by Hornsey and Jetten who argue that within groups dissent and deviance are common and actually beneficial to the group to which they belong. In contrast, when people reject disobedience, they restore group positivity, and thus reinforce obedience. This can be a possible mechanism through which we can understand obedience, and it is through understanding disobedience and dissent.
With this in mind it is important to recognize that what may be considered deviant to some is acceptable to others; for those in power are the ones defining deviance, at times to their own advantage. One way to understand the presence of deviance in society is strain theory; the idea that normlessness and ‘strain’ will lead to individuals participating in deviant acts. Strain is a negative event that can diminish your opportunities of acceptable means for achieving societal ideals deemed usually as the “American Dream”. Although society may push similar goals onto the masses, i.e. wealth, power, success, not everyone can achieve these things which can lead to several different responses.
Cultural security is defined here as the capacity of a society to conserve its specific character in spite of changing conditions and real or virtual threats: more precisely, it involves the permanence of traditional schemas of language, culture, associations, identity and national or religious practices, allowing for changes that are judged to be acceptable.18 Cultural security protects culture from commercialization and exploitation and helps preserve the meaning and values of local cultures in the face in the midst of global cultural exchanges. The homogenizing influences of globalization are most often condemned by the new nationalists and by cultural romanticists are actually positive; globalization promotes integration and the removal not only of cultural barriers but of many of the negative dimensions of culture. Therefore, globalization is a vital step toward both a more stable world and better lives for the people in it. Globalization promotes inter-cultural exchanges, it expands cultures and allows them to introduce and promote themselves in the global stage. Through the different