Qin Shi Huang-Di has left a large impact on China, and by extension the world, that has lasted many years. Qin created the foundation of the Chinese country of today. Some scholars even believe that without Qin Shi Huang-Di, there would be no China at all (Gracie). Qin’s impact on the world was the creation of an entire country, a pretty impressive feat. Especially in his time, when nothing like China had ever been created before, his unification and reformation of China into a lasting country is inspiring.
Qin Shi Huang-Di, during his short reign as the first emperor of China, unified and reformed the country, built the great wall and countless other things, including a gigantic tomb famously known for its terracotta army. Of course, while he was effective, he was also cruel, oppressive, and paranoid, getting rid of anyone who disagreed with him. The foundation of modern China was formed by his administration, and his reputation and legacy last until this day as a leader of history. In addition, Qin has influenced the modern world not only through his lasting legacy through his creation of China but also through his influence on Mao Zedong, a Chinese Communist leader. Mao, who led China to become a communist country, compared himself to Qin Shi
There where many factors that led China to political unification in contrast to India. One factor is, dynasties such as the Zhou Dynasty who kept the same political system as its predecessors, where India had changed many things and continued to change political and social systems. India was very fragmented in political unification because, India was and still is a land of diversity. Ancient India was also not as organized as Ancient China in ruling. When the Zhou kingdom had started to end and break apart into many powerful states a “relativity young state of Qin located in the original homeland of the Zhou, emerged as a key player in conflicts”(p.
Shi Huangdi definitely controlled the Qin with an iron fist. He ruled with autocracy which is where the government has unlimited power and runs their dynasty similar to a tyrant. When Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall of China, he forced laborers to work on the wall or die. The Qin dynasty was not afraid of cruelty and Confucian scholars were given no mercy. Because the Qin were legalists, any citizen who broke the law was executed.
China’s economy today is much different than that of what it was over three thousand years ago. China’s dynasties were heavily impacted not only by their dynasties, but also by: the wars that they have engaged in, the religious affiliations and Confucianism, and an assortment of different changes in technology, economy, and social and political systems. China’s civilization has experienced great changes that bring it to the country that is known today—some of the biggest changes have come within the times of the dynasty changes. Most of China’s civilization was built upon Confucianism, agriculture, and expansion—mostly with the use of wars.
The Qin dynasty succeeded the Warring States Period (475 BCE - 221) (Britannica, Warring States, 2014, 2018), and the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC) (Britannica, Spring and Autumn Period, 2017, 2018). During the Warring States and Spring and Autumn Periods, there was a massive power vacuum and several different states were locked in a struggle for control over China. The most prominent state during the Warring States Period was the Qin state, they revised the governing methods of the once influential state of Zhou. They made changes to land distribution, power distribution, education of the common folk, trade, and units of measurement throughout China. The changes made by Qin Shi Huang are what made him successfully unify China.
Qin Shi Huang’s BELIEFS IMMORTALITY • Many of Qin Shi Huang’s actions were determined by his desire to be immortal. His fear of death made him obsessed with finding the elixir of life so he could live forever. Doctors and alchemists created a number of potions, many containing mercury, which most likely caused the Emperor’s death rather than preventing it. THE AFTER WORLD • In case the elixirs did not work, Qin Shi Huang ordered the construction of an enormous tomb for himself.
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion.
One of the key players in the unification of China was the emperor of China himself, Ying Zheng or Shi Huangdi. He controlled all major powers in China. Advised by his advisers who are legalists, he implemented many reforms. He began to appoint his officers to enforce his policies. He started also to standardize the currency and implemented the standardized laws, weights and measures.
The Great Wall was made by the Qin and Han dynasty's to keep out invaders and other enemies. The benefits did outweigh the cost because it kept your city protected, it was harder for invaders to attack. They also put troops in the frontier areas of the Wall to increase the security level. According to document A it states that "the government will construct walled cities, well protected by high walls, deep moats, catapults, and thorns." This shows that the Qin and Han wanted to make it harder for the mongols to attack and that china wanted to be prepared for when other dangerous situations happen.