When discussing health promotions many strategies are used. To first understand the strategies used in health promotion you must understanding the meaning of health promotions itself. Let’s break down the term health promotion, health means the state of being free from illness or injury or a person 's mental or physical condition. While promotions can be defined as a communication strategies that inform, persuade, and influences beliefs and behaviors relevant to the product. Combined you get a is a process of enabling people to increase control over, and improve, their health and the conditions that affect their health () Within health promotion there are strategies in which are utilized to achieve ideal goal.
The model explains the factors that motivate individuals to engage in behaviour for a healthy living. The health belief model proposes that a person 's health-related behaviour depends on the person 's perception of four critical areas: 1. the severity of a potential illness, 2. the person 's susceptibility to that illness, 3. the benefits of taking a preventive action, and 4. the barriers to taking that action. • The model postulates that health-seeking behaviour is influenced by a person’s perception of a threat posed by a health problem and the value associated with actions aimed at reducing the threat. • HBM addresses the relationship between a person’s beliefs and behaviors. It provides a way to understanding and predicting how clients will behave in relation to their health and how they will comply with health care therapies.
3.1: Define the term “Consent”. The word ‘Consent’ means: giving a permission to do something or something that has happen or agreement to do something. The free dictionary- by Farlex 3.2: Explain the importance of gaining consent when providing care or support. In a health and social care setting it is important to support an individual and their rights. When following the legal requirements, as it is the individual's right to refuse e.g.
What is health promoting? “a process of enabling people to increase control over the determinants of their health and in turn to improve, their health” (WHO,1986) therefore the key words her are process and that indicates that it is not a one-off or isolated event and enabling and that indicates that people do not do things to people rather we, we facilitate opportunities and interventions programs and so on that allow people to have control and agency in relation to their own health therefore in saying that health promoting represents a social process and political process and it does not just embrace strengthening the skills and capabilities of individuals and population and also means that we are changing the social and environmental and economic conditions so as to alleviate the impact on the health of the population and individual health.
Patient empowerment in the global pictures is seen as a part of the human side of care. It is time consuming and sits uncomfortably with strong pressures towards greater efficiency. The outcome is satisfying, with mutual trust and confidence are established. Being a Malaysian I am proud to say that Malaysia Ministry of Health, had strongly support patient empowerment and community to be responsible for their health. It is believed that, regulations and enforcement activities are the tools to facilitate and enhanced individuals and the communities towards self empowerment.
Clients grow to be more mature and to rely less on external sources of support (Tan, 2011; Corey, 2012). Perls (as cited in Yontef, 1993) described maturity as “the transition from environmental support to self-support”. Self-support stands for contact with other people. Continuous contact as well as absence of contact should be avoided according to Perls (as cited in Yontef, 1993). By becoming more self-reliant and self-sufficient,
If the contributors were given a bit less time and seen the prompt differently as in heard the prompt instead of seeing, the positive effect could have had a significant difference. The reason why is because people listening to the prompt and hearing how many lives are going to be safe could affect them emotionally an can affect their decision instead of observing it and thinking too much about the prompt giving the participants time to conclude and study the prompt. For instance, in the Tamera Schneider and Peter Salovey article, they describe how persuasive health messages can frame to have individuals conduct a healthier life style. In the study, they examine the effect of framing on beliefs, attitudes and behaviors related to smoking. The conductors use visual images and auditory voice over framed to be either gain or loss towards college students in New England where some were shown the visual images about smoking and others auditory voice over about smoking.
The principle of autonomy is based on the Principle of Respect for Persons, which holds that individual persons have right to make their own choices and develop their own life plan. In a health care setting, the principle of autonomy translates into the principle of informed consent. You shall not treat a patient without the informed consent of the patient or his or her lawful surrogate, except in narrowly defined exceptions (3). In order to affirm autonomy, every effort must be made to discuss treatment preferences with patients and to document them in the patients’ charts. Informed consent is one of the most key components to autonomy of a patient and is a multifaceted concept that requires not only the patient to be assessed as being
PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH EDUCATION This concept was taken from module 11”information, education, and communication”, sub topic 2”principles and methods of community health education”. Health education can be defined as a process that informs, motivates and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and lifestyles, advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate this goal and conducts professional trainings and research to the same end. The Joint Committee on Health Education and Promotion Terminology of 2001 defined Health Education as "any combination of planned learning experiences based on sound theories that provide individuals, groups, and communities the opportunity to acquire information and the skills needed to make quality
Only through a deeper understanding of the intricate factors shaping behavioural practices can health promotion programmes and or interventions successfully be introduced into the realities of the people’s lives to bring about changes in health behaviour. Behaviour change theories and models such as the Health Belief Model (HBM), Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and the Transtheoretical Model have been widely applied in public health in an attempt to explain or predict health seeking behaviours. Their use enables identification and understanding of people’s health-seeking behaviour beyond their knowledge, attitudes and practices. HBM is a health specific behavioural cognitive model The model is based on the idea that people are more likely to change their behaviour and adhere to treatments if: (i) they perceive that they are at risk of contracting the disease (perceived susceptibility), (ii) they perceive the disease might have an unfavourable outcome (perceived severity), (iii) they perceive the proposed health behaviour to be both effective and practical (perceived benefits), (iv)they perceive the barriers to adopting the behaviour to be minimal (perceived barriers),(v) they perceive themselves to have the ability of applying and practicing the specific behaviour proposed