Over the past decade, increasing research has been conducted on the prevalence of and the outcomes associated with children exposed to domestic violence (Kitzmann, Gaylord, Holt & Kenny, 2003). Children exposed to domestic violence may experience higher rates of externalizing and internalizing behaviors than their peers. The negative consequences of experiencing domestic violence have been observed from infancy to adolescents and in males and females (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). State laws regarding children’s exposure to domestic violence vary. Several states have no specific statues addressing this population (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families, 2012).
The children’s rights website stated that, “On any given day, there are nearly 428,000 children in foster care in the United States.”() All of those children have to be reminded daily that the foster care system has a lot of problems in it. Most of these children are put in some of the most unbearable situations. The foster system has numerous problems that I think can and should be solved. This includes: children not having an education, foster parents and children not having a connection, children facing both sexual and physical abuse, financial problems, and children aging out of the system. There are many more problems with the foster care system but I think that these are the main problems that should be addressed and solved.
Poor housing conditions are linked with a broad scope of health conditions, including respiratory infections, asthma, lead intoxication, injuries, and mental wellness. For this reason, in (Krieger & Higgins, 2002) expresses that each year in the United States, there are 2900 people die in house fires, 3 000 000 people make emergency room visits for asthma. 1 000 000 young children who have blood lead levels high enough to adversely affect their intelligence, behavior, and their evolution. On the other hand, developing affordable housing creates jobs – both during contractions and through new consumer spending after the houses have been filled. The National Association of Home Builders estimates that building 100 new affordable housing for households which have low income, contributes to the creation of 80 jobs from the direct and collateral effects of construction and 42 jobs supported by the induced effects of the spending (Wardrip, Williams & Hague, 2011).
Studies have shown that thirty percent of children in foster care remain in care for more than two years. The longer children stay in care the more placements they are likely to experience. More than half the children who enter the foster care system will be moved to a different home in their first six months. It is also found that children care for more than two years will experience about three different placements. Nearly all of the moves have nothing to do with bettering the well being of the child.
For starters, “A 'Band-Aid ' for 800 Children" uses data and statistics. “A quarter of people deported from the United States now say they are parents of U.S.-citizen minors, which means more than 100,000 American children lose a parent to deportation each year. A few thousand of those children lose both parents.” The statistics show us how many people are affected by deportation. Their point of views are also different. The Red Umbrella is in Lucy’s point of view, who is a character in the story, while in “A 'Band-Aid ' for 800 Children", it is in third person, so it is not told by someone in the excerpt.
According to Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (2011), annually, teen pregnancy cost taxpayers about $6 billion in lost tax proceed and almost $3 billion in community expense. It noted that in spite of declines in teen pregnancy in the United States since 1991, substantial racial and ethnic inequalities still occur. Viner et al., (2012) identified social determinants of health in a population as those factors or conditions of people’s birth, place of residence, and source of livelihood. Their work recognized four social determinants of health which may impact teen pregnancy as 1) income 2) education 3) social support network and 4) living environment. The graph below from Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (2012) highlights the disparities
Many times this pattern begins at an early age as a juvenile and progress up through adulthood, leading to the so call school to prison pipeline. A 2007 study by two civil rights organizations further demonstrated the government’s emphasis on incarceration over education. Researchers found “the U.S. spent almost $70 billion annually on incarceration, probation and parole.” This figure represented a 127% increase from 1987 to 2007, dramatically outpacing the funding for higher education during the same time period (Porter, 2015). In addition, Mothers who give birth to children in poor conditions have really set the child up to be disadvantaged from the very beginning. Poor conditions, lack of nourishment and the use of alcohol and or drugs are a common occurrence and it influences the outcome of the child, which impacts it later on it life.
There are several reasons why people become homeless mental disability and family violence just to name a couple. In 2012, UnitingCare was contacted 7600 times for access to homelessness services. Ten years prior (2002) the figure was almost half that, at 4000. UnitingCare
Studies that were completed of the prison baby program in Nebraska concluded that 33 percent of women who had been separated from their children ended up back in prison, and for every woman that returns to prison the cost is $30,000 per year. The cost to house them with their children in the child care wing the is only $24,000 per year. Versus just 9 percent of women who were allowed to raise their children who do not return to prison. Across the world many Countries seem to agree that a babies’ place is with its mother. In Sweden babies can be accommodated for up to a year (the average stay is three months).
The prevalence of child abuse is outlandish. So many children around the world are physically, sexually, emotionally, and mentally abused while in care for their parents. In detail, research shows “Nearly 700,000 children are abused in the U.S annually” (The National Children Alliance). Furthermore, “in 2008 there were roughly 22.9% fatalities” (Barnett, Perrin & Perrin, 2011, pg.147). For this reason, more attention must be brought to the public regarding this matter.