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Endangerment Of Children In Foster Care

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Every year, 2 million children come into contact with the child welfare system due to investigations of parental abuse or neglect (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2004). A recent policy implemented by Anytown’s Department of Job and Family Services pertains to the issue of child endangerment. It states that, “any household having one or more documented offenses of domestic violence, child abuse, or drug or alcohol related offenses committed by the mother, father, guardian, and/ or caregiver, will result in the removal of any child or children from the home.” The child will be placed in the care of the state until documentation can be provided on the offender, whereas they are “offense free” for a period of no less than six…show more content…
In addition to the maltreatment of children in foster care, another issue that arises is that children are moved from one foster care home to another on an average of every six weeks (NCANDS, 2012). With the changes in the caregivers of children in foster care experience, the more likely they are to exhibit oppositional behavior, crying, and clinging. With that being said, in 2012, 23,396 youth aged out of the U.S. foster care system without the emotional and financial support necessary to succeed. Nearly 40% had been homeless or couch surfed, nearly 60% of young men had been convicted of a crime, and only 48% were employed. Seventy-five percent of women and 33% of men receive government benefits to meet basic needs. Fifty percent of all youth who aged out were involved in substance use and 17% of the females were pregnant (http://ccainstitute.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=25&layout=blog&Itemid=43). In the U.S. 397,122 children are living without permanent families in the foster care system. 101,666 of these children are eligible for adoption, but nearly 32% of these children will wait over three years in foster care before being adopted (AFCARS report, No. 20). Pulling a child out of their home to place them in a foster care service with these types of statistics is unsettling. How would any of these findings promote the “best interests of the…show more content…
As a whole, the policy implemented by the Department of Job and Family Services could also have an impact on society. The United States spent almost $26 billion on child welfare services in federal fiscal year 2006. The federal government provided over $12 billion, state governments almost $11 billion, and local governments almost $3 billion (http://www.childwelfarepolicy.org/perspectives?id=0001). In most states, foster care children are eligible for Medicaid cards, including dental, medical, and counseling services; however, the financing structure has not kept pace with a changing child welfare field. The program is authorized by title IV-E of the Social Security Act, as amended, and implemented under the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 45 CFR parts 1355, 1356, and 1357. The structure of the title IV-E program has continued without major revision since it was created in 1961, despite major changes in child welfare practice. The result is a funding stream incompatible with current program needs. It is driven towards process rather than outcomes and limits agencies ' efforts to achieve improved results for children. As the number of children in foster care increases, one can only wonder where the government will come up with the funding to provide adequate
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