Enfield Rifle: The Key Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857

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Q. To what extent was the issue of the greased cartridge from the Enfield rifle the key reason for the Revolt of 1857? The Revolt of 1857 was the rebellion of Indian sepoys against the British officers. It is a watershed in the history of pre-independent and early colonial India. The revolt took place on 10th May, 1857 in the town of Meerut, India. Like the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand that sparked World War I, the issue of the greased cartridge from the new Enfield rifle was the immediate cause of this revolt. Although it was the immediate cause that triggered the first war of independence, long term factors also played an important role, such as military, social, religious, economic and political causes. This essay aims to discuss whether the greased cartridge issue was the main reason for the revolt of 1857. To begin with, the pretext for the Revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle…show more content…
Many people lost jobs and had to pay higher taxes on land. Unfair methods of collecting revenue were introduced, leading to deep resentment. No money meant more chances of crop failures as the farmers weren’t able to afford crops of certain quality. Although everyone was impacted, the soldiers were impacted the most. Landowners also lost land due to the zamindari system (introduced by the British), which said that zamindars were the landowners and that they had to collect the rent from peasants. Craftsmen were ruined by the large-scale rush of cheap British manufactured goods into India, which made their handmade goods uneconomical, closing their business. People who made a living by following religious pursuits lost their livelihood due to the withdrawal of royal patronage. These issues resulted in shortage of food for the Indians as they could not grow enough food, leading to health problems such as famine and

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