Engel V Vitale Summary

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The Supreme Court case of Engel v. Vitale’s decision was based on the establishment clause. The case of Engel v. Vitale struck down state organized prayer in school. The prayer had government endorsement and was thus considered unconstitutional. The Supreme Court case of Oregon v. Smith used the free exercise clause the basis of their decision. This decision banned the use of drug in religious ceremonies. The decision was that drug use is an illegal personal action, not a government act, so it was unconstitutional. If a decision is controversial then a way to limit its impact is by the Executive branch refusing to enforce a Court’s decision. If this happened, the decision would likely have little effect. Constitutional amendments can overturn
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