In 1558-1603 Elizabeth I ruled over England, she made peace throughout England while there were religious feuds going on. During a different time period of 1762-1796, Catherine the Great ruled over Russia she was not peaceful and killed her husband to get to be Queen. Despite similarities in educational advances, and both did force religion, Elizabeth I and Catherine the Great were more different than similar. Catherine had absolute power and Elizabeth did not and Catherine was more feared than Elizabeth I. Elizabeth I and Catherine the Great had similarities in the fact that they didn’t force religion. For example Elizabeth found a middle ground between catholic and protestant religions and Catherine accepted Russian orthodox as the church.
In the 1600s, the British people took interest in India. In 1707 when the Mongol Empire was collapsing, which meant the British had a chance to take over. By 1857 Britain took full, direct control of India. Although the British developed a very strong army, they restricted the freedom of Indians, created national parks, but abused natural resources, and killed almost 60 millions people but brought modern medicine. When the British took over India, they took over pretty much the entire government and created laws that restricted the rights of the Indians.
Political leaders naturally have ambition but leaders like Napoleon and Adolf Hitler gained too much ambition that eventually led to their downfall. In february of 1807 the battle of eylau took place between Russia and France, it eventually led to negotiations between them on the island of tilsit. I got my quote from the article DISCovering Biography, “his ambition seemed limitless but he was not omnipotent”. At this point napoleon had endless ambition and drive, he defeated European power after European power, rearranged the map and enforced french dominance. Nevertheless he was not all powerful , he still had to take control of England.
Prompt: Though absolute monarchy was established over much of Europe over the course of the 17th and 18th centuries, there were exceptions. Describe and explain the successes of at least two alternative political systems which emerged during this period. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries of Europe, many countries were ruled by burgeoning monarchies. France was reigned over by the opulent sun king, Louis XIV, (whom had the longest reign of any European monarch) whilst Russia emerged under the powers of Peter and Catherine the Great. Due to constant warfare, religious turmoil, and economic upheaval, monarchs and monarchies across all of Europe had to persistently reinsert their absolutism in order to protect and ensure the longevity of their reigns, (many times of which
Shanti Gurung History 101 Final Exam Professor Montague 12/06/2015 1. As some 16th and 17th c. leaders sought to strengthen their control over both the legislative and administrative machinery of their respective kingdoms, others witnessed the destruction of absolutism as their principle governing philosophy. What obstacles did English royalty face in their effort to establish an absolute monarchy in the early decades of the 17th century? (Hint: Remember the tactics monarchs employed to achieve absolutism.) One of the most prominent examples of resistance to absolute monarchy came, in England, where King and Parliament struggled to determine the roles each should play in governing England (Duiker 2013).
Why was Russia difficult to govern? I think Russia was so difficult to govern because of several different reasons. One of the key reasons was the classist system. The Tsar ruled Russia, and therefore the ruling of Russia was hereditary. The church, which was very orthodox, supported the monarchy on the concept that the Tsar was ‘appointed by God’ as the Tsar was the head of the church.
Eight hundred years ago, the Magna Carta became the first document that limited the king’s power. This document allowed the people to be granted human rights such as a right to a jury trial and no taxation without representation. In the thirteenth century, England was under rule of the infamous King John. The people were fed up with his acts such as increasing taxes in order to pay for military. In addition, King John alienated the towns of England from the Church.
Topic 3 Mohammad Khan 6th 1. Absolutism in Western Europe Definition of Absolutism In the absolutist society the king is the sovereign Kings control all aspects of the government, create armies, and develop state bureaucracies. It was considered to be the modern Totalitarian government but absolutism didn’t cover all aspects of daily citizen’s life. 1. Absolutism in Western Europe Cont.
1. What were the differences between the reign of Paul I and the reign of Alexander I? Paul I receded from the coalition who were fighting Napoleon and this may be one of the starkest differences between Paul I and Alexander I as Alexander I reenlisted Russia into the efforts being made to fight Napoleon when he became czar. Additionally, Paul I ruled more like his father than his mother, Catherine, however, Alexander I determined and announced to rule like Catherine. Alexander also worked to restore privileges that Paul had taken away during his reign.
In Conclusion Thomas Paine was able to prove that monarchies weren’t the correct form of government for the Europe and much less the American colonies. He demonstrates how monarchs can have a severe impact on many people both directly and indirectly. Paine also manages to establish a precedent in which society was able to prosper and be at peace before monarchs took over. Domat’s belief in absolute monarchies is flawed because even though it similar to other natural relationships the one between monarch and subject is just one in which the monarch holds all the power and and can abuse of that
Peter the great was known for doing a massive overhaul of Russia with reforms in basically everything; religion, military, education, agriculture, culture and tradition. He believed in royal absolutism and because of this he took over the church by making a government department in charge of everything. Peter was in charge of the churches power and the clergy controlled people’s daily lives in name of the state and Peter the great. Peter also made the upper classmen of Russia dress in a western style and groom themselves like westerners by shaving their mustaches and beards. With this push in culture, religion, and education he was challenging Russia and their stereotypically conservative ways.
Meanwhile the War of Roses from 1451-1477 proved the Tudor dynasty victorious and ruled until 1603 within England. Although the new monarch , Henry VII, began to slow nobility power through the star chamber, which often contained torture. His procedures did not stop the development of the standard government laws and taxation. After Henry VII, Henry VIII took power in 1509 until 1547 and broke away from the Catholic church in 1534, which was major for a king to do. He then created another church and had the king have authority over it, and became the most powerful king of this