The second Red Scare was a time period where government officials were questioned whether they had Communist affiliations. To eradicate the security threats in the government, President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 to search out “infiltration of disloyal persons.” This action caused the investigation of people like Alger Hiss and other suspected Communists. The government along with the citizens set up effective ways, Blacklists, to bar Communists from getting hired for work. In 1950, Red Channels, a book that exposed 151 writers, actors, musicians, and other radio and television entertainers as Communists, was published. This book completely devastated the people on the list and placed these people on Blacklists.
Imagine the wicked House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) arrest an innocent man. The HUAC does not arrest the man because he has committed a murder, but because he is a communist. This horrendous crime was a routine in the Red Scare crisis of the 1950s. Since this situation involves one's rights to be in threat, the man should speak out for his freedom. Many communists in America made the right decision to speak out for their freedom during the period of the McCarthy “witch” hunts.
What is the Tinker V. Des Moines case? The Tinker v. Des Moines case is a decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined the constitutional rights of students that are in public schools. “This case took place in 1969 when students from three schools wore black arm bands to school in order to protest the Vietnam War,”( "Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community”) This ended when the principle found out what the black arm bands stood for and that they would have to be suspended if they wore them to school again. “The first amendment explains the rights of the students and teachers.” (The principles didn’t want the students wearing them to school because it could become disruptive. The principal said that "the students were asked to take them off and if they didn’t then they
“The Scopes Trial is one of the best known in American history events because it symbolizes the conflict between science and theology, faith and reason, individual liberty and majority rule,” (Mintz and McNeil par 1). The decade of the 1920’s was an era of rebellion, prosperity, and social changes. One major event that shocked the country through its discordance between urban enlightenment and rural protestantism was called “The Scopes Trial”, which involved the teachings of evolution. Before the trial took place, an act known as “The Butler Act” established that public schools prohibited the teachings of evolution to students. This act was passed in early 1925 by the Tennessee General Assembly for the reason being that students shouldn’t
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other after World War 2. In the first place he lied about communists being in the U.S. senate. As stated in Sam Robert’s article, “News of McCarthy’s accusations against the state dept. of president Harry Truman sent shock waves across the nation.” McCarty’s statements made him look like a gallant anticommunist and gave him power. As a matter of fact, he was considered more of a witch hunter.
During the era of Fascism 1930 and the great depression a lot of American thousands of Americans joined the communist party. Dalton trombone news reporter (or script writer) movie crews walking out to receive higher wages. Dalton Trumbo (he was also a war correspondent Okinawa in) classified a registered communist to the government all communist were also classified as dangerous radicals. Trumbo and his friends discusses how the government doesn 't respect the first amendment and congress thinks that if you’re for the war you’re a hero and if you’re against the war YOUR A TRAITOR. Trumbo wanted everyone to know that congress has no right to investigate how we vote, what we think how we pray and what we put in our movies.
The CIA 's potential involvement was frequently mentioned during the 1960s and 1970s when the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was involved in plots to assassinate foreign leaders, particularly Fidel Castro. According to author James Douglass, Kennedy was assassinated because he was turning away from the Cold War and seeking a negotiated peace with the Soviet Union. Accusations and confessions of and by alleged conspirators, as well as official government reports citing the CIA as uncooperative in investigations, have at times renewed interest in these conspiracy theories. The CIA is the first main group that was investigated by the Warren Commission .There are two main people in the CIA that we think to have something to do with it. William K. Harvey was a main suspect because he was a CIA clandestine services operative who help arrange assassination plots and was also seen with Oswald(JFK assassination co-conspirators).
In order to better understand the correlation between The Crucible and to Joseph McCarthy’s claims, we must better understand the accusations of McCarthy. Joseph McCarthy took on an aggressive campaign towards communism, he made several accusations that government workers were secretly communist. Although he never proved these accusations he provoked hysteria and paranoia which led to negative impact on politics and diplomacy. Soon after, McCarthyism became a term to describe accusing without evidence. “In a narrow sense McCarthyism is the name given to the attitudes and practices of Senator Joseph McCarthy (1908-57) and his followers engrossed in investigating and purging purported security risks, especially those supposedly with ties present or former, actual or imagined, to Communist groups and governments during the late 1940s and early
Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible in 1953. He wrote this because he had a story to tell, a story about modern issues which is individual freedom versus conformity. During the 1950s there was a period of political dispute in America, many were suspected of being communist and were put under investigation which was led by senator Joseph McCarthy, even though the play was dated back to 1693 there was a parallel between the Salem Witch Hunts which was described in the play and the general political atmosphere in the 1950s. Arthur Miller was summoned by the “House of committee” on Un-American activities, he was accused of being a communist, and he also refused to name others as a communist, he was sentenced to thirty days in jail. In the overture
The United States were strongly opposed to the Soviet Union and any other related party to the Soviet Union. The United States was currently in the Cold War with the Soviet Union because the United States feared the spread of Communism in the Americas, and its sister, socialism. The Sandinista government, which was a socialist government, was a communist party in the eyes of the Americans (Sullivan & Jordan). The spread of Communism into the Americans, previously in Cuba led the Americans to view the new communist party as a threat to their society and the many surrounding democratic nations. The United States, who were currently in state of tension with the Soviet Union and other Communist parties, known as the Cold War, were perturbed by the proximity of the emerging communist nation and felt the need to get involved.
In Washington D.C. on July 25, 1962, the Supreme Court ruled in Engel v. Vitale’s case that prayer in class violates the First Amendment of establishing religion in a government facility. A year later, the Supreme Court ruled in the Abington School District v. Schempp to prohibit the Bible in any public school for similar reasons. Decade’s later; school districts have been fighting religion in their schools creating a conflict with religious families and school boards. In 2007, Time Magazine head of religion, David Van Biema, wrote an article on “The Case for Teaching the Bible” in public schools. In the article, David believes that the Bible should be taught in public schools because it’s the foundation of the western culture, alluded to in literature, and it has been an influence on the modern and classical arts of today’s society.
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other by spreading the fear of Communism. Senator McCarthy informed the citizens of America about Communist spies deep within our government on February 10, 1950. He states “ I have here in hand list of 205-a list of names that were made known to the secretary of state as being a member of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the state Department.” This quote proves that McCarthy did infact say to the public that there were Communist spies in the United States. It spread fear into the citizens because they were afraid that the country will turn Communist because of the Russian spies in the government.
President Harry Truman signed an executive order called the Loyalty Order. According to History.com “On March 21, 1947, President Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) issued Executive Order 9835, also known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government.” (History.com Staff). This executive order put a country that Is already on edge and afraid of communists in a situation where they would be even more afraid. People were concerned that groups from North Korea and the Soviet Union were in the country.