Engle V. Vitale-V

666 Words3 Pages
The spread of communism had always been an issue in the United States. Once World War II had ended, the United States faced another period of fear about the spread of communism and the fear of over throwing the government. U. S Senator Joseph McCarthy felt that there were communist agents in the government so the Federal Government created a program that required all employees to take loyalty oaths. Alleged communist spies were called forth to give a testimony before a Senate subcommittees. These hearings started to create court dramas that filled the media. Some states created groups that encouraged patriotism to encourage the U.S soldiers fighting against communism in Korea and had began challenging the separation of church and state. Engle v. Vitale was a landmark Supreme Court case because it showed how religion could not be enforced in schools and how 1st Amendment rights could not be taken away. In 1951 the New York board of education approved a prayer that was recited every morning in New York’s public schools. The Regents believed that the prayer would help in the development of character and good citizenships among the students that lived in New York. The prayer was offered to the school boards for their use and the participation in the prayer was voluntary. In New Hyde Park, New York, the Union…show more content…
Arkansas (1968). Susan Epperson was a tenth grade biology teacher in Little Rock, Arkansas. She brought a suit that voided a law that forbidden the teaching of theory of evolution. A new biology textbook included an entire chapter about the theory of evolution, Ms. Epperson argued that teaching from the textbook was forbidden by state law and if she did, she would be committing a crime that violated her 1st Amendment rights. The court held a decision that the state’s control over the school curriculum did not include the right to take away from the curriculum because it violated the Establishment
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