Received Pronunciation should be taught as a model in Pakistan. The reason I chose RP as a teaching model because the best English dictionaries focus on RP. They also have American Pronunciation, but it is not always accurate. Moreover, RP is considered as an elite accent, the speakers of English link it with high social status and intelligence. EXPECTED PERFORMANCE OF LEARNERS IN LEARNING PRONUNCIATION
Anthony, Francisco, Bianca, Daisy and Emily, are students studying in our education system. They are important witnesses of the lack of accountability in teachers and the complex of our system which inhibits rather than encourages academic growth of knowledge for the future generation. There are many underlying problems that prevent successful reforms to the education system of America such as tenure, the difficult process and cost of firing and replacing a failing teacher and lack of accountability from teachers in doing their jobs which is producing poor results for
Teachers need to understand the actuality of the ELL student's English level to build upon their English skills effectively. Michelle Yvonne Szpara explains "Content area teachers, administrators, and policymakers often confused conversational fluency with academic language fluency, and mistakenly assumed students who could informally chat about personal topics could also read, write, and converse about formal academic language." (Sparza, 2017) By teachers creating the discrepancy between assuming their ELL student's English level find it difficult to improve their English proficiency because ELs start faking that they understand and try to fly under the radar. Without the understanding of ELLs proficiency leads students to drop out of high school because they are not getting the necessary attention.
What they do not know is the work that this bilingual student had to accomplish in order to become knowledgeable in the English language. Bilingual teacher preparation comes to be judged because bilingual students are not reaching the academic progress hoped. According to Walqui & Van Lier (2010), there is no perfect person neither in English or Spanish who could be perfect in both languages. This idea refers to the ability to think, read, write, and speak without issue in both languages. An individual always requires the use of their first language to make a connection and then to process the second language.
Not only by exposing them to the language they will speak, read and write the English language correctly, students must learn and understand the meaning of words. Vocabulary words help any English language learner communicate effectively with any other person. According to Wilkins (1972), “Vocabulary is central to English language teaching because, without sufficient vocabulary, students cannot understand others or express their own ideas.” On the other hand, many teachers recognize the importance of teaching vocabulary and they must emphasize it daily in their lessons.
U.S. is known as the place of opportunities and education is the biggest way to accomplish one 's dreams but when someone moves to the U.S. from another country not being fluent in English can be a huge barrier to being able to accomplish what one wants, and being successful in the educational system. Therefore, the people who control the education system have set specific standards in order to teach students who are learning the English language. The set standard for students who don 't speak English is supposed to help them to learn English and keep up with the subjects that the other students who speak English are learning and are being tested on. The idea of that is great and should promote both content retention and the development of the English language at an academic level, but that is not happening.
Impact of Culture Culture is an important factor that affects one’s perception, it greatly influences one’s behavior and shapes their personality which can have a significant impact on one’s education and the curriculum. Stating the importance of culture must be assessed when teaching English Language Learners, ELLs. The challenges for many English Language Learners are not overcoming a language barrier but also achieving academically. Orosco and O’Connor state that “ELLs bring a wealth of cultural and linguistic knowledge into the classroom, but perhaps our schooling is a complex process that often separates students’ personal learning experiences from the classroom resulting in a challenge of acquiring the skills for reading instruction”.
Currently the language most often taught as a second language around the world. Because English is so widely spoken, it has often been referred to as a "world language", the lingua franca of the modern era and while it is not an official language in most countries, it is currently the language most often taught as a foreign language. It is an admitted fact that English has emerged as an International Language of the world. Many nations of the world are striving for learning it as second language. In its role as a global language, English has become one of the most important academic and professional tools.
3.4 Barriers to teachers’ use computers There is no doubt that using ICT in ESL education facilitates students’ learning process and improves teachers teaching the process. A common fact which is analyzed in the articles is the challenges ESL teachers anticipate when integrating technology into their classrooms (Wathudura, 2017). Rabah (2015) identifies teachers’ perceptions of the challenges and benefits of ICT usage in English Quebec School Context.
It is indeed essential to learn grammar rules and develop basic writing skills, but not at the expense of integrating students’ cultural identity in the learning process and in-class discussions. The classroom is where the 2nd phase of early socialization begins. As early as kindergarten, diversity in the classroom is created by children and teachers sometimes fail to understand that no two children are the same. Cultural identity is barely promoted, as the mainstream English encompasses most aspects of education. In the article, “Preserving the Cultural Identity of English Language Learner”, Sumaryono and Ortiz argued that in the classroom, students can become disconnected and feel abandoned if the teacher doesn’t express any sort of sensitivity towards their cultural identities (16).
It can take two to four years for an ELL to create conversational capability and another three to four years to create scholarly capability (Cummings J. 2000). As a teacher I will help children learn and use aspects of language associated with the academic discourse of the various school subject to ensure that there is time and practice. There is nothing teachers can do to rush English acquisition, but we can find many avenues to provide ways to opportunities to practice English in the classroom. If they are structured to support student-to-student or group interaction, ELLs are required to use English language to explain concepts and contribute to the work. This gives teachers an opportunity to gauge what the student has learned, and it also helps the student to demonstrate his/her progress in English language development.
Lisa Delpit, in her article No Kinda Sense, says that “if students are to acquire a second language form in school, teachers must not only see their students as non-deficient, they must understand their brilliance, and the brilliance of their home language” (42). Delpit goes on to argue that the damaging reaction to students’ home language by the adults around them guarantees that the children will shun the school’s language and everything else
There is also a fear that the students will not comprehend the English language as well as the native English speakers because teachers are just teaching to the test. For the schools interviewed the majority said that they had to increase the amount of English instruction that the students received a day to help with the language proficiency that is on the tests. One size does not fit all, especially when it comes down to ELLs. It is hard from ELLs to be completely knowledgeable in one language when both are equally important for them. However, with the standardized tests that have a great amount of accountability towards both the school and the student, it is
Why do you think immigrants leave their country to come to different ones? Many immigrants leave their country to search for better opportunities like religious freedom, jobs, and education. These are some of the main reasons why immigrants leave their country. Current researches from the Catholic Church now show that immigrant’s laws and policies have often led to the undermining of immigrants human dignity and have kept families apart. This been said these are some of the main topic about immigrants.
When Grinnell says that science is taught “divorced from understanding” he means that students aren’t taught what is so fascinating about science, but are rather taught how to complete science assignments. He uses the example of the science fair, which is something I, fortunately never had to do in high school. I heard through the grapevine through my friends that did have to do the science fair that it was too strict. There was no room for creativity; it seemed like the project didn’t care about the student presenting something interesting in the world of science, rather it was strictly based on, as Grinnell said, the placement of certain aspects of the project. In high school, I took a very basic biology class where the teacher understood that the curriculum was taking the fun