Not just people who live in English-speaking countries will be influenced by English hegemony, but also those people who don’t speak English. Obviously, the use and popularity of English are getting higher and higher and more and more countries choose to regard English as one of the official languages of the country. Moreover, there are many countries and regions making the education of English become the main focus of the whole national education in today’s English hegemonic global society. With the development of globalization, many people hold a strong point of that if they want to integrate into the international environment and survive in today’s English hegemonic global society, English is the most basic and vital language that they must master. Strictly, English will no longer just be a simple language, on the contrary, it have a lot of
local government or other organization, and big multinationals can influence the decision of government make. Another type of influence that countries have on each other is because of education. English is a perfect example of mixing education among different countries. English has spread across the world like a wildfire. Countries use English as the global language and this has had a huge influence on education in individual countries.
This ultimately led to English being chosen as the global language. Despite the resistance met, English was never-theless more spread out and talked than any other language in comparison. This was the result of imperialism, but also Americanisation. English changed from being a language forced upon others to a language sought out, in the cultural and political sphere. It was also the the lan-guage offering the best opportunities on the global
As the world has become a small place where people from all over the world can easily communicate, the need for a unified language to communicate was demanding. The way English has become this ‘unified ' language can be related to many factors that helped the language to gain its global language that it has today. Colonization, imperial power, industrial revolution and language contact, all these factors contributed to the emergence of different varieties of English, that later became so independent that they were identified as “Englishes” with their own distinct features. It is clear that English has changed throughout history, came across many languages that affected its structure and grammar. English is now considered an international language and a lingua franca for many nations.
Though in these countries there was influence, the development of linguistics is also currently happening currently leading to various strains of English being used by various persons in different countries (Baxter, 2009). The reason for this can be attributed to the fact that the world is becoming a global village and communication is a must for the advancement of businesses and for communication between many persons of different backgrounds. English being a widely used language, these new cultures adopts it to integrate effectively with the rest of the world in business and practice. On this very subject, there were various patterns of colonialism. The patterns were based on social political issues as well as the different geographical locations which were colonized.
As the 10 ASEAN countries are transforming into the ASEAN Economic Community, English has been chosen as the lingua Franca because of its international dominance. Many countries such as Singapore, Philippines, which have chosen English as the second language, both develop strongly. So,recently, the Ministry of Education & Training is considering English as the second language in Vietnam. However, they are also facing with a question: Should English be the second language in Vietnam? Although the English language is growing increasingly more dominant and spreading all over the world, it is strongly impracticable that English become the second language in Vietnam since it results in deeply influenced original culture in Vietnam, the obvious imbalance incompetence among residents and the practical difficulties in the completion of the Vietnamese education system.
Language, as a main means of communication, plays a very important role because it helps us communicate and interact with each other. By the use of sounds and conventional symbols, we create language, a communication by word of mouth. A language lives for as long as people use it as a native language. English language is the most important language around the world. It is spoken as a first language in many countries and as an international language all around the world.
This development offers a significant challenge since people involve in the use of English as an international language, particularly the written type. By using the written texts, people can express their ideas through mass media, they can communicate and respond to what they read or hear. Through the written texts, especially from internet, people can get abundant advantages, e.g. information, knowledge. Thus, English written text is inevitably faced by the people and this becomes problem for people who are not good English users like most
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study In this globalization era, English has become the international language that plays a great part in the business world. Many documents or references of companies are written in English. However, as the company operates in Indonesia, absolutely they should have the Indonesian version document. This is why there is a translation document into Indonesian in order to let all users to understand the document easier. The main job of the translator is to create the source language and the target language can interact well one another (Farahzad in Natalia Chandra, 2006).
They were introduced to the English language in 1762 by British invaders followed by the Americans which made it a language of education and commerce when they occupied the Philippines from 1898 to 1941. Since then it has been one of the medium of education from the elementary up to the tertiary level. A prove of it is seen on how competent they are in terms of international communication. A good example is in the human resource on customer services. A lot of international companies preferred hiring Filipinos in this line of work for they believe that Filipinos are effective in communicating with different races because of its knowledge on English language.