English Grammar Pronunciation

1237 Words5 Pages
2. Literature Review 2.1 Why does ESL and EFL speakers find it difficult to speak English with proper pronunciation? “This difficulties has nothing to do with intelligence or level of education, or even with knowledge of English grammar and vocabulary (Abbas Pourhossein Gilakjani, Vol 4, No3, 2011).” Most of the psycholinguists and phonologists who are expert in this area, believe that the difficult of learning to pronounce a foreign language is cognitive rather than physical and Language transfer is one of the factors. Language Transfer (also known as L1 interference) is the reasons why ESL and EFL speakers find it difficult to speak English with a proper pronunciation. ESL (English second language) speakers and EFL (English as foreign…show more content…
Her first language is Urdu. In studying the sound system of a brand new language a learner is significantly inspired by means of L1 and hence replaces many sounds of the L2 with those of L1. So do Pakistani speakers (Qamar, 1993). They do it due to the fact they may be attuned to identify and articulate most effective those sounds of the L2 which they discover identical or at the least closely identical to the sounds of L1 consequently it is pretty likely that Pakistani speakers of English can replica only those vowel sounds of RP while speaking English, which are determined in syllable mixtures comparable in their onset, height and coda positions in both languages. Hassan (2004) states that the English –called Paklish, contains many deviances in morphology, syntax and Phonology. A common distinction between the native RP speakers and non-natives is that the non-natives mispronounce diphthongs as natural vowels (Roach, 2004). However seeing that it is used appreciably and effectively by using knowledgeable Pakistanis thus it ought to no longer be taken into consideration an alien language, however instead a dialect. One of the foremost components of phonological functions of latest English types is the restructuring of vowels. There may be a strong tendency in non-native types to restructure the sounds of native English to in shape their cause. Consonants showcase much less restructuring as compared to vowels. Platt et al (1984) supply the following standard tendencies that are shared with the aid of some or all the new varieties. An inclination to shorten vowel sounds as in words like ‘purse’, the /ɜ/ is occasionally changed through /
Open Document