This approach suits even more in countries with developing economy such as China. Since most MNEs are originated in the developed countries, usually they lack the necessary experience and knowledge about local market, political or economic challenges and uncertainties of host country. If MNE has some experience in the host countries through other projects, then it possible to handle local challenges. Whereas, if MNE entrants the host country for the first time, the conditions will not be very beneficial. Hypothesis 1: Joint venture with local automobile company can help to handle with different kind of Institutional pressures in China.
Business Theory Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Walmart in China Characteristics of China as a Global Market Wal-Mart has continued to open up stores globally amidst stiff competition from Amazon. The retail stores can attribute its success to the low costs of goods and the ability to venture into different countries like China. China is appropriate for business because the cost of labour is cheap which translates to fewer expenses for the firm (Gupta, Govindarajan, Wang& Govindarajan, 2008). China is also ripe with local resources which also come at a lower price thus enabling the company to generate their income. Wal-Mart recognises the fact that it must team up with the local people to have a successful business
On the other side, weaker languages will either have to adapt themselves to their environment, or die. As we know that the economic growth in China, Most university Chinese programs in US and UK willing to teach simplified characters for their further own good and opportunities, the simplified Chinese character has the strong proponents of use in China, only Tai Wan and Hong Kong are using Traditional Chinese Character. Therefore, this may explain that why Hongkongers try to defend the simplified Chinese character in Hong Kong. Nonetheless, survival of the fittest is the negative side of evolution. A more positive view is interdependence rather than constant competition.
(Stephen Evans, 2010) When it comes to written communication, usage of English is dominant. In case of Hong Kong where considerable number of multinational companies are located, it is likely to use English in formal situations and documents. Even though Cantonese is still primary language in oral communication, English act as a tool to show ‘professional’ identity. However, BELF doesn’t always come with positive consequences. The cost and effort to acquire English is another burden for non-English speaking workers.
So, I think if a China’s company go to foreign and does not speak English, they would be at a distinct disadvantage. Therefore, China 's business development can make both English development, thus China makes English language push. English has become a global language can solve the problem of communication in most countries. According to Pike, C. (2013, April 8), “Knowing English is the most important step towards becoming a global citizen – a person that can live anywhere, thrive anywhere, and speak to anyone.”. You knowing English then you can develop your business or travel foreign country easily.
According to these linguists, the term linguistic imperialism refers to the dominance asserted and restrained by the creation and continuous reconstruction of the structural and cultural inequalities that exists between English and other languages (Anthonysam, 1997). This paper explores the discusses the different patterns of settlement and their linguistic consequences
Since 1985, an export tax rebate policy was executed to enhance the competitiveness of China as an export country. In addition to the originally low-priced land, and the cheap labor force, because of the large population, China becomes the ideal place of building factories. Therefore, the foreign companies minimized their cost while avoided pollution problems could be brought by the production process. Now, the factories’ negative influence on environment started to shown as the form of air
At that period of time, Hong Kong was used as a free port for the trade in China only. Like the other colonies, the social needs of the people were neglected and the policies implemented were out of the benefit of the British government instead of the local interest. Local community and the charitable organisations were the major sources of welfare. Xu (1993) analysis that the population growth in Kong Kong in 1841to 1941 was a mechanical increase. The population was mostly the new immigrants from the mainland China owing to the labour shortage for economic development in Hong Kong and the labour surplus in China.
Most of Hong Kong people believe that English is the international lingua franca that is indispensable for future career development. However, according to Li (2009), being able to speak Putonghua fluently will take advantage in the future workplace due to the rising demand for the Chinese language worldwide . As China is the second largest economy in the world, the status and significance of Putonghua is increasing sharply. Many foreigners learn speaking Putonghua in order to facilitate business trade with China. Putonghua instruction can nurture students’ language proficiency .If Hong Kong students’ Putonghua proficiency is
426) has greatly influenced the L2 motivation research. Since the last decade, L2 motivation has gone through a “radical reconceptualization” towards the self and identity (Ushioda and Dörnyei, 2009, p. 1). Since Global English started to be associated with the international culture, Garnder's (1985) Integrativeness was the centre of the debate raised in the field, as there is no specific L2 community owning the language that the learner desires to identify with (Ushioda and Dörnyei, 2009; Dörnyei et al., 2006). McClelland (2000, p. 109; cited in Dörnyei et al., 2006, p. 12) calls for reconceptualising Integrativeness to “fit a perception of English as an international language”. In this regard, Yashima (2002; 2009) proposes that EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners have an International Posture that motivates them to learn English and be linked to the international community.