Because of repeated migrations of England, English is widely spread until it became the mother tongue. Another reason for the spread of the English language. More over wars and battles that America and Britain on the strength of a two-state influence on the region and the world. This languageSpread even in the countries of the Arab
In the 15th century, the English language has evolved to a state that is closer to modern English and can be mostly understood today. The English language has been influenced by a number of other languages over the centuries and has incorporated many words from other languages. The widespread use of the English language began with the growth of the British Empire, and in the late 1800s the Queen of Britain ruled over a quarter of the Earth with her powerful navy. At the height of its Empire, Britain had colonies all over the world and all the people living in the colonies had to learn English if they wanted to communicate with their rulers. In the 1900s, many of the colonies gained their independence, but kept English as an official language.
1.0. The Role of English in India: English in India is a legacy from the British who colonized the country and their language permeated through some of the most important parts of society: the government, the media, the education system, the legal system and gradually the social sphere as well. India is a vast nation and in terms of the number of English speakers, it ranks third in the world after the United States of America and the United Kingdom. An estimated four percent of the population use English and even though this may seem like a small number that is about forty million people. This small segment of the population, controls domains that have professional and social prestige.
They were introduced to the English language in 1762 by British invaders followed by the Americans which made it a language of education and commerce when they occupied the Philippines from 1898 to 1941. Since then it has been one of the medium of education from the elementary up to the tertiary level. A prove of it is seen on how competent they are in terms of international communication. A good example is in the human resource on customer services. A lot of international companies preferred hiring Filipinos in this line of work for they believe that Filipinos are effective in communicating with different races because of its knowledge on English language.
English is the mother tongue of 300 million people in the world. The countries where English is the native or first language are the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Some other countries like India, Pakistan, Africa, France, and the Soviet Union, etc. use English as a second or foreign language. Thus English is spoken by 700 million people in the world, which is next only to the Chinese language.
The relationship between culture and English language teaching The English language in the EFL classroom is still often considered to be linked to the culture of the target language, which often means the culture of the English speaking countries, particularly, Britain or the USA. Since culture and language are inseparable, English cannot be taught/ learned without the culture or rather, one of the cultures. For nearly two decades, scholars from the fields of applied linguistics and sociolinguistics have discussed the question of teaching culture along with English, resulting in two main views: (a) teaching English language alongside its culture, or (b) teaching English language with students’ home culture. For some researchers, it seems
English is introduced in the Indian sub continent. After some time English language became the dominant language of communication among the elite and educated class after the famous minute of dose Macaulay in 1833. As we know that English is an international language, spoken in many countries both as a native language or as a foreign language. English hi taught in the primary level to tertiary level educational institutions in almost every country on earth in this modern age of science and technology. It is a living and vibrant language spoken by over 300 million people as their native language.
The rise of a so-called global language is due to the rise of political and economic power of its native speakers. The British industrial and imperial power spread English around the globe between the 17th and 20th Century. The domination of British imperialism has left many countries with English thoroughly institutionalized in their governments, courts, civil service, schools and other sectors of their societies. However, recent history points to American cultural and economic supremacy - in Hollywood, Billboard, Wall Street, World Bank, Yahoo, Google, in everything else - as the major driving force behind English being the de facto global language. American dominance and influence in the entire world has made English fundamental for developing international markets, from areas of advertising and tourism to academic, scientific, and technological fields.
In 2009, English functions as a global lingua franca, i.e., it is the means of communication between speakers who have different first languages in various settings around the world (Berns, 2007:5). The growth of English language depends on several factors such as the role of the U.S. in the ending of World War I and World War II, and powerful country standing. The influence of American music and social media on Europe has made English language a part of secondary education in Europe. For instance, globalisation has resulted in greater competition between languages, on both a regional and a worldwide scale, with both winners and losers. (Maurais and Moriss, 2003; 1-3).
The rest of the research was conducted with help of online articles and past research papers. Introduction English language is the most widely spoken language in the world. It is the national language of United States of America and United Kingdom. But it has also become the medium of instruction in many countries including Pakistan. English language is a very developed language which has the