English Language Literature Review

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Literature review English is taught as a compulsory subject of study in public institutions for 12 years in Panama. According to the curriculum, the English language is taught now a day from kindergarten to six years of high for six hours per week. In public schools in Panama (NORMAL SCHOOL) English is taught as a foreign language (EFL). The distinction between EFL and ESL is based on the communicative context that the student has once outside the classroom of English (Brown, 2001). Leaving the classroom what language predominates? English as a Foreign Language (EFL), the student is a social, cultural and linguistic context in which English is barely present or it is not at all and therefore do not need to interact and survive in that context.…show more content…
These factors in a good environment can lead students to develop better learning levels of the English Language, but under unfavorable circumstances can interfere and affect the results greatly. So the key is to determine whether these factors operate in favor or against the process of learning the language to the students of the normal school. From there we can at least explain or justify the failure to reach levels of communicative competence in English of students completing the high school at normal…show more content…
1. Factor Teacher The role and profile English teacher are crucial to the successful process of learning English. Their knowledge, communicative skills in English, their teaching skills, and their personality traits positively, or negatively affect the process of teaching and learning. Its influence is so critical that even the best English program fails if the teacher is not up to the educational demands. Among the elements discussed here that are attributable teachers are professionalization, English proficiency, and teaching skills. 2. Factor student Undoubtedly the most decisive factor is the student. This is the learner. This is the subject and the object of all processes and educational activities. The student is also a variable that affects, in this case, in their own learning. Therefore, their study habits, attitudes towards English and its associated elements (English class, teacher, language itself, culture, etc.), their motivation and interest, self-esteem are intrinsic to the individual operating conditions for or against
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