Similarly, Zhang (2009, p.186) states that grammar is a kind of ‘sentence-making-machine’ and he further claims that teaching grammar offers the learners the means of limitless linguistic creativity. Creativity is an important skill in this modern era, and learning a language focusing more on grammar is a means to survive, which learners need to learn to stay
It concerns the mastery of the language code itself - lexicon, syntax and semantics. Canale and Swain (1987) pointed out that grammatical competence will be an important concern for any communicative approach whose goals include providing learners with knowledge of how to determine and express accurately the literal meaning of utterances. They believe that knowledge of these rules will be crucial in interpreting utterances for social meaning, particularly when there is a low level of transparency between the literal meaning of an utterance and the speaker’s intention. While discourse competence concerns the mastery of how to combine grammatical forms and meanings to achieve a unified spoken or written text in different genres, the cohesion and coherence of utterances or sentences. It is used to refer to two related, but distinct abilities.
Grammar is important, and learners seemed to be focused on grammar when it relates to their communicative needs and experiences. Communicative competence obviously does not mean the wholesale rejection of familiar materials. There is nothing to prevent communicatively-based materials from being subjected to grammar-translation treatment just as there may be nothing to prevent a teacher with only an old grammar-translation book at his disposal from teaching communicating. What matters most is the teachers conception of what learning is and how it happens. The basic principle involved is an orientation towards collective participation in a process of use and discovery achieved by cooperation between individual learners as well as learners and
I believe that it is most definitely necessary to teach grammar to achieve a high level of English competence, especially for academic purposes, but that it is must be taught in a specific manner to avoid influencing the affective filters of the learners negatively. In this essay, I will discuss the necessity of teaching
This statement acknowledges that grammar competence is essential for the acquisition of all the other language skills. According to CAPS (2011:15) grammar and vocabulary need to be taught in situations and activities with a specific focus on those aspects of language so that grammatical rules can be taught. It means that it is important for the grammar rule to be taught and activities that focus on those specific aspects of grammar be given. However it equally important for the learners to utilise their acquired knowledge in different contexts. (Rama and Agullo, 2012) on one hand documents that the shallow-end Communicative Language Teaching is based on the idea that in order for a learner to become an efficient communicator they need to first learn the grammatical rules.
It is the question that most of the students, learners and some teachers are asking some times. To know the role and the importance of grammar we need to see first what does it mean? Grammar is an essential part or we can say that it is one of the most important components of the English language. Grammar is the first thing to be presented, It is the section of the language that cope words’ structure (morphology), their special order in sentences (syntax), all of this beside the sounds (phonology) and the meaning (semantic). When we ask what the meaning of grammar is, the first thing that comes in our head is that Grammar is a group of rules put together to regulate how to use the language.
“Grammatical competence was a part of communicative competence.” (Lock, 1996, p.226) Therefore, to obtain an impressive communication skill, people should be carefull to grammar due to these following reasons: First, grammar is extremely important because it may help enhance accuracy. Marcel (1853) highlights this point in his book. He clarifies how grammar develops accuracy in communication as “it forms the mind to habits of order and cleaness; concurrently with logic and rhetoric, it accustoms learners to accuracy at language, and hence to accuracy of thinking”(p.424). This means grammar rules can help learners improve a habit of thinking logically and clearly. Therefore, after studying grammar, they will be more accurate when using language.
grammar and the vocabulary and a set of idioms and expressions but speaking skill is also important. The emphasis is not on whether person is grammatically correct or not but on the use of language to communicate in the target language situation. Developing the communicative competence is very essential to communicate at national and international levels. English is regarded as a vehicular language and used for the purposes of academic advancement, profession advancement, and traveling abroad etc (Davies, 2007). However, speaking skill is widely neglected in our class rooms because speaking skills are hard to practice and assess.
Improving skill in English grammar will not only help people to create their sentences correctly but will also make it easier for them to develop their communication skills in both written and spoken English. According to the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary first edition (2003), grammar is defined as the use of the rules on how words transform to create new sentences. Grammar, as a set of rules for choosing words and putting words together to make sense, plays a significant role in teaching English as a language because without grammar, there is no language. Also, it is difficult
There are various interesting views from many educators concerned with vocabulary learning/acquisition stating how vocabulary is important to language learning in the four skills Mostaan(2012). Lessard-Clouston (1996) referred to Luo’s (1992) view on vocabulary and its importance: “Vocabulary - words, phrases, idioms, etc. is at the heart of all language usage in the skill areas of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, as well as culture” (p. 27). Richards and Renandya (2002) stressed the importance of teaching and learning vocabulary in EFL/ESL in the following