English Second Language

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English as a second language has become one of the essential components of many non-native English countries school curriculums across the world. The importance of English comprehension in today 's youth has led to the language growing to become the worlds most studied language with 1.5 billion active learners (CITE). Teaching a skill as broad as English requires for a teacher to create a sense of importance for mastering the subject with students. Another challenge with learning any language is continued practice outside of the classroom which is required to become fluent in English. During this critical learning an English as a second language teacher, must provide constant feedback for students and create a diverse curriculum which allows…show more content…
According to Mary Ashworth, the key to teaching English to younger children lies in knowing who they are as individuals and understanding their culture and specific interests (CITE). Once a teacher can understand the varying cultures of students in the classroom they can draw an understanding of skills such as specific phonemes a young child may already be capable of creating a more comfortable teaching experience (CITE). Another aspect in many non-native English countries to be noted is the importance of family and extended family and gathering what the expectations for each child are from the parents (CITE). Creating a connection with the parents and respecting their desires allows for better reception of homework assignments at home and a respectful environment between both parties…show more content…
As a student faces increasingly complex activities, the teacher must ensure through examinations and assignments the student is performing at their correct grade level. If a child is performing below expectations, a successful strategy to assist the child is to place them with a peer who is excelling in the program as they can help the child complete and understand activities. Many students who study ESL through school are preparing themselves for either the IELTS or TOEFL which are international examinations that certify an individual’s fluidity in English (CITE). This two-and-a-half-hour exam is often the determining factor for non-native English speakers and their opportunity to attend a high-tiered English university. Due to this examination, many ESL teachers are expected to teach concepts which are on the test. An interesting point made by Ashworth was that if a student struggles with learning English in the classroom, they should not be removed from the class or held back but instead continue with their original class. A key component to properly learning English is developing a unique classroom culture that fosters learning the language (CITE). As a result, it is ideal to adapt lessons to the various learning styles of children as every child learns differently, some visual others through lectures (CITE).

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