t: In his article, "Cultural Studies and Cultural Text Analysis," Urpo Kovala discusses the role of textual analysis in cultural studies. He begins with a sketch of different conceptions of textual analysis within cultural studies by pointing to differences in the concepts of text and context themselves. Next, Kovala explores the reasons for including textual analysis as a category and method in cultural studies and in humanities and social sciences scholarship generally. Finally, Kovala sketches briefly a model for the cultural analysis of text where his main point is that the argument about the incompatibility of cultural studies and textual analysis is untenable today. Instead, what is needed now is a heterological, multi-level, and perspectival notion of both text and context.
To understand aesthetics translation, people should firstly know something about aesthetics itself. First of all, language is the subject of aesthetics of translation. As a activity which changes a kind of language message into an other language message, language changing is the
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It is an extra textual feature. But translator’s presence can be found withinthe text. This can be deduced be analyzing how has the text been translated? In these concepts like translator’s poetics, power relations, translational norms, and translational interpretation play the part. All these concepts are looked upon as different ways of trying to make visible the textual category of translator.
Review of Literature Language encompasses not just perceptions toward grammatical gender, but culture as well. Essentially, language shapes the way one processes information not only because of cultural connotations underlying the meaning of a word or phrase, but due to the limitations of the language itself. The ability to form a sentence is limited by the structure of a language, and the ability to express oneself in the same language is limited by how one can think in that language. This is precisely why there exist “untranslatable words” across the spectrum of languages, and hence moulds thought itself (Chomsky, 1957)(Ross, 1976). Language and Perception There is justification that perception alters with language.
Even with this huge number of workers, it is impossible to clean the whole farm efficiently to give 100% performance. Another issue is humidity since it is above average in UAE and especially in the summer. This relative humidity creates a layer of water vapor on the surface on the panel which decreases the efficiency of the panel. It causes voltage, current and power drop and this facts were proven in the countries with hot climate and high humidity levels. Another problem with the solar panels is the cloudy days which is uncontrollable and decreases the performance of the farm.
Translators have to decide on the importance given to certain cultural aspects and to what extent it is necessary to translate them into the target language. When translating such a text, translators must be aware not only of the purely lexical nature of the text, but also of an equally basic issue of understanding the social, economic, political, and cultural contexts, which lend connotative aspects of multi-meanings to words. Carelessness treatment of these contexts may result in the breaking of peaceful coexistence among people of different
Chapter Five: 5.1.Conclusion The preceding chapters of this study have looked into the efforts exerted by the translator to overcome the cultural difficulties when trying to decode, and then encode, the culture-bound words and expressions. The previous part of the study has intended to clarify the reasons why there are significant benefits when adopting an insider/emic approach to fingering out the intended meaning. The reason for choosing Basrayatha is that it is full of many cultural meanings that do not have cultural equivalents in the TT. This approach, insider vs. outsider, brings Basra culture, closer to the Western reader. The approach is a technique which consists of a broad understanding of the ST culture before language.
Moreover, resolution of such problems is a pre-requisite for generating good translation in target language. Divergences occur at different levels and severely affect the quality of a translation. The underlying principles for divergences are attributed to those cases where the basic concept of a sentence in the source language is expressed and distributed over different words or a series of different words in the target language (Dash 2004). As a language-dependent phenomenon, divergence may affect quality of a translation and reduce authenticity of a translated
The main problem is that the stormwater drainage system is become more insufficient day by day because of some natural and artificial changes of Surat city. According to that all aspects some critical locations flooding problem is occurs at some low-lying areas of Surat city especially at central zone of city. Now a day the current drainage system is not sufficient during peak rainfall days and high flood situation in river Tapi when flood gates are closed. It is resulting no more discharge possible to the river and no proper conveyance of additional rainfall water. That is why flooding situation occurs in low-lying areas of Surat city.