English: The Foreign Elements In The English Language

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Albulenë Berisha The foreign elements in English word-stock
In this essay I am going to talk about the foreign elements in English word-stock that have a great importance in the use of language, its history and culture. An etymological explanation tells us that the vocabulary of the English language is far from being comparable. It consists of two classes - the native stock of words and the borrowed stock of words. If we compare it by numbers the borrowed stock of words is significantly larger than the native stock of words. It is assumed that 25 to 30% of words in English are native words; whereas the other part is borrowed (loaned) form other languages. The term native denotes words that belong to the original English stock known from the earliest manuscripts of the Old English period. They are mainly words of Anglo-Saxon origin brought to the British Isles in the 5th century by Germanic tribes. Whilst a borrowed (loan) word is a word taken from another language and modified in sound form, spelling, paradigm or meaning according to the standards and patterns of the receiving language. Throughout its history English language had a contact with many languages and borrowed freely from them. The greatest influence of borrowings mainly came from Latin, French, Scandinavian and Greek. Even though there
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In our everyday lives we use Greek root words and definitions at most of the time.
Many English words have Greek roots and a lot of them come straight from the names of certain gods and Titans.
Below I have stated some roots of English words in Greek mythology. They are presented in a simple order as: the Greek word or name followed by a description then the English word followed by a definition.
• Ares --god of war * battle --to

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