Engracia Loyo Popular Education

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The work by historian Engracia Loyo Gobiernos Revolucionarios y Educacion Popular en Mexico, 1911-1928 (1999) focuses on the years during the Mexican Revolution and decades after it ended with a similar approach to Morales’s work. Loyo explicitly states the importance of Meneses Morales’ work in her understanding of the educational policies during the years before the Revolution. She sees these as having similar principles to subsequent years. Particularly, the education plans during Porfirio Diaz’s dictatorship (from 1876 to 1911) valued secular education funded by the state. This served as starting point for the revolutionary governments, which despite Mexico’s religious homogeneity decided to keep education committed with scientific knowledge. Another of Loyo’s argument is that education was used by the federal authorities to expand their power and favor the “centralization,” and unification of the Mexican territory. Federal educational plans often times conflicted with the interests of local and state leaders; public education was a source of conflict but also a tool for the government to materialize their power throughout the country.
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