The hero archetype and the loyal retainer archetype are both prevalent in ancient epics such as the Ramayana and the Epic of Gilgamesh. In the Ramayana, the hero Rama embodies the hero archetype through his selflessness, bravery, and determination to uphold righteousness. He is accompanied by his loyal retainer, Hanuman, who serves him faithfully and aids him in his journey to rescue his wife from the demon king Ravana. Similarly, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, the hero Gilgamesh embodies the hero archetype through his strength and quest for immortality. He is accompanied by his loyal retainer and somewhat equal, Enkidu, who serves him faithfully and helps him overcome obstacles in his journey.
Antigone and Gilgamesh eventually confront the repercussions of their acts, which result in personal tragedy as well as a wider disruption of societal order. His tyranny and repressive behavior cause the people of Uruk to suffer, forcing them to cry out for help. Disturbed by Gilgamesh's pride, the gods decide to interfere by creating Enkidu as a counterweight to Gilgamesh. " To the one who survives [the gods] leave grieving; the dream leaves sorrow to the one who survives" (Gilga; L.75) After Gilgamesh loses Enkidu, he grieves and later becomes humble.
In Tablet 1, it described Gilgamesh and Enkidu and foreshadowed how they would meet each other in Tablet 2. Gilgamesh was created by the gods which was why he was described as almost being perfect with the exception of his personality which made many people hated him. Due to the fact that Gilgamesh was “too perfect” in his own eyes, he began to lose himself and started to become arrogant because he “knows” that there is no one that could be better than him. When the civilians complained, Aruru created a human who could match strength with Gilgamesh and get him back to his senses before Uruk corrupt and the civilians rebel because they cannot handle it anymore. Towards the middle of Tablet 2 when Enkidu finds out what Gilgamesh had been doing
Since Gilgamesh and Enkidu are presented as inhuman. Both of them have attained humanity when Enkidu died. Enkidu feels fearful when he is dying, as well as feeling depressed that he is leaving Gilgamesh (55). Thus, through suffering he becomes more mature and obtains the characteristics of
Just because someone may not start off with having a good attitude it doesn't mean you can't change. If you spend a lot of time with a person you may not even notice that they are changing your attitude, and at times it is for the better. In the Epic of GIlgamesh translated by N. K. Sandars, Gilgamesh and Enkidu’s friendship developed over a fight, they both encouraged one another and learned from one another, since then Enkidu has changed Gilgamesh with their friendship.
The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey have been a part of human literature for several years. Both poems are from the category of epic poetry and have a time difference of at least one thousand years apart. Their themes explore different aspects of human cultures and ideologies. The Epic of Gilgamesh is a poem from early Mesopotamian culture while the onset of the Greek civilization inspired The Odyssey. The main characters for these epics are Gilgamesh, a demigod and ruler of Uruk, and Odysseus a great warrior returning home to his wife from war.
People Change People The Epic of Gilgamesh is a tale read throughout time about the ancient King of Uruk, Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh is a selfish king who is stronger than any man because he is two parts God and one part human. With his strength, Gilgamesh abuses his power causing the people of Uruk to lament. Hearing these laments, the Gods created Enkidu for Gilgamesh, to be his equal in all aspects.
The story begins as Shamat the harlot seduces Enkidu and convinces him to go to the city of Uruk and meet Gilgamesh ().Gilgamesh is an oppressive king who used his power to hurt people and Enkidu is the king of the animals. Gilgamesh and Enkidu neither one ever had a friend that was a man before. Enkidu only knew steppe animals, and Gilgamesh, an oppressive king who had never treated anyone as his equal. As soon as Gilgamesh and Enkidu met each other, people of the city started to praise Enkidu because people of the city saw Enkidu was equal to Gilgamesh. This cause the fight between Gilgamesh and Enkidu in their first meeting.
In the epic, within which many episodes are interlinked, depicts an image of a kind who underwent development and tends to understand the world where he was living. Within the version of the Babylonian, hero Gilgamesh 's character is best compared to Achilles. While comparing the characters of Achilles and Gilgamesh, he (Gilgamesh) changed and his nature was affected duet the presence and absence (loss) of Enid his comrade, thus the nature of Enkidu was static. Achilles ' nature and character followed the same pattern as that of Gilgamesh as he was also influenced by the presence and loss of Patroclus his comrade.
Enkidu is forced into civilization after being disowned by nature for sleeping with Shamhat. We see him transformed from a wild beast into a civilized person. As we follow Enkidu’s transformation, we see how he changes for the better, but also experiences some downfalls. The transition was not smooth, it took time to fully adjust, and although there are many disadvantages of leaving the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, the benefits made it worthwhile. Through Enkidu’s exposure to Gilgamesh, he changes from a human that lives among nature, to this great warrior that is willing to kill beasts for no other reason, but glory.
Together, they balance out the tamed and untamed worlds and with Enkidu ’s help Gilgamesh becomes a hero king. Together they go on to defeat Huwawa, the monster in the cedar forest, they defeat the bull of heaven sent from Ishtar, and at the end Gilgamesh is shown to represent a real hero king due to the friendship of
Unlike Gilgamesh, Enkidu was the ideal leader. He had good manners, and protected the oppressed people of Uruk from Gilgamesh. The people of Uruk began hailing Enkidu as their hero. However, Enkidu chose friendship over becoming the perfect leader. After Enkidu challenged Gilgamesh to a contest of strength, they became best friends.
The other similar characters in both the works are Patroclus and Enkidu, who were uncivilized and died for the fame of their leaders. The similarities between the themes of both these works like mortality, friendship and religion. The importance of the theme of friendship is seen in the relationship between Enkidu and Gilgamesh and Patroclus and Achilles. Another similarity is in the main theme of both these works. Both the characters of Gilgamesh and Achilles have the weakness of mortality.