There were other elements that factored into the demise of the Augustinian worldview. The Scientific Revolution, also called the Enlightenment, was also cause for the fading of the Augustinian worldview. During the Scientific Revolution, thinkers sought to disprove the scientific beliefs that the church maintained. They instead studied the laws that they observed in the natural world around them.
496). Humanism opened a new chapter of the individual that allowed the personal thought to be expressed, however, if the remark was different from the standards of the church, consequences for that individual were applied. Despite the consequences, humanism started a drift from the Church, being the center of power, to the independence of the individual, which eventually overruled the church. The individuals curiosity of the world around them led to the questioning of society and nature, thus giving rise to the New Sciences. The scientific revolution, emerged in the early modern period, and excelled in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and astronomy.
During the 16th and 17th centuries the Scientific Revolution flourished. While it gained many supporters it had it’s fair share of opponents. Religious controversy, especially with the Catholic Church, hindered the work of scientists by creating barriers to stop the spread of scientific ideas. But many leaders, such as King Louis XIV, supported science for their own political purposes, helping in its advance.
Essentially, the Enlightenment challenged the role of religion and divine right. This assisted Colonial America is seeing that it was possible to challenge the King and divine right. The movement ended up taking a scientific approach to the world and human nature as it challenged the role of God. It allowed people to see that
Conclusion The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment, therefore, played an important role in the political civilization of Europe by inspiring the spirit of curiosity in many fields of learning and offering an investigative approach in determining concepts and ideas. Consequently, they prompted religious sects to rethink their belief in God and how people perceived the natural world. Accordingly, the Scientific Revolution offered a fundamental basis in modern science, while the enlightenment revolutionized various aspects of the society, leadership, and reasoning in multiple
The new founding’s made by scientist and philosophers thought that there could be other “realistic” reasons on why things like such happened. The Enlightenment Era was revolutionary because the people were finally finding their voices. Instead of basing their day to day lives off of religion, they grew a curiosity for intellect. Certain people who were Deist believed that there was a God and that he created all life, but He was not involved in every little thing that transpired in their daily operations. The people were finally breaking away from the church and changing the views on
This clashed with religious people that were influenced by the Great Awakening. This was a religious movement that appealed to people’s emotions and cut through social, economic and educational lines. Jonathan Edwards was a charismatic follower of the Great Awakening but he scared people
Emboldened by the revolution in physics commenced by Newtonian kinematics, Enlightenment thinkers argued that reason could free humankind from superstition and religious authoritarianism that had brought suffering and death to millions in religious wars. Also, the wide availability of knowledge was made possible through the production of encyclopedias, serving the Enlightenment cause of educating the human race. The age of Enlightenment is considered to have ended with the French Revolution, which had a violent aspect that discredited it in the eyes of many. Also, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), who referred to Sapere aude!
In France the advancement in scientific thought was limited by the Catholic hegemony over knowledge, while England on the other hand due to the laxing of policing mechanism provided the ideal space for progress in scientific thought. Religion which had played an important role in the advancement of science since the sixteenth century becomes ever more significant in the span of two decades from 1640 to 1660. The moderate Puritan reformers were now being challenged by a number of radical sectarian movements who saw in science the potential to bring about radical changes in the society. The moderate reformers who later established the Royal Society of Science in 1662, had to declare its goal of promoting an organized pursuit of experimental science in order to distance themselves from any attempt at radically reforming the church or the state. The threat of being deemed heretical loomed large over the puritan scientific reformers and they sought to divert it by coming up with the Christianized versions of upcoming scientific theories.
They even began to advocate for science in some cases. By the end of the century, many ministers began to doubt the divinity of Christ. Politics changed as well. They began to spread the idea that the people should be able to replace monarchs that weren’t protecting the natural rights of the people. The Enlightenment’s ideas are the foundation of the US Constitution.
Enlightenment Impact The Enlightenment has had a major impact on us today as a society and way back when they first did this. People don’t realize how impactful this revolution was, it’s been implemented in the Constitution, Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Independence. From Voltaire to Locke, Beccaria to Blackstone there have been many enlightenment thinker that have contributed to this revolution. The Declaration of Independence is one of three ideas that the Enlightenment has impacted us today.