According to document 6, Galileo was an inventor. Even if he didn’t invent the first ever telescope, he invented a very updated version of it. When looking through his invention, he saw that the moon wasn’t smooth and has sunspots which supportted and extened the heliocentric
The USA were determined, this could really change their position on the international scene. NASA scientists developed the Apollo 11 (“Cadbury”), a rocket capable of sending three astronauts to the moon and come safely back on Earth. The astronauts were Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins (University Nebraska). The Launch was on the 16th of July 1969, more than 500 millions people were
Over time, Galileo recorded information based of his observations of the moon and other celestial bodies. Eventually, Galileo was able to come down to the conclusion that the sun was located at the center of the universe and reinstate Copernicus’ Heliocentric theory. Galileo finally published his findings about the heliocentric theory because he disregarded how the church would react. As a result, his publication was banned by Pope Urban VIII because it once again went against what the church believed. The Catholic Church reacted in a pessimistic manner because they saw Galileo’s publication as an insult after supporting him in the past.
The Enlightenment thinkers believed that the world could be known, managed and shaped those who live in it. To start, thinkers began to criticize the belief that the Earth was the center of the universe, a belief that was upheld by the church. One of the scientists to discover evidence to prove this was a Polish scholar by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus. In the year 1543, Copernicus wrote “On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres.”
Because of this, people began to experiment on these observations and come to real conclusions. For example, Before the Scientific Revolution, it was believed that the Sun revolved around the universe. Copernicus, however, did not think that this theory was correct. After much research and experimentation, he found that it was actually the opposite: the Earth and the rest of the universe revolve around the Sun. Today, this is known as the heliocentric theory (pg. 346 - 347).
Space exploration has long been a debated topic. From the days where there was controversy between whether the universe revolved around the Earth, because god made humans special, to whether Copernicus’s idea that the Earth and the other planets of the solar system revolve around the sun was true. Then there was the space race where there was a dilemma based on what was ethical to be produced and sent to space (such as weaponry during the cold war). The more contemporary problem involves the exploration of space and the danger that space debris poses. We must accept however that space is our back-up plan if we were to exploit the Earth to such an extent that we could no longer survive here.
Galileo Galilei was a brilliant man born in the city of Florence, Italy in 1564 in a climate of intolerance. In 1610, he discovered a new tool that will move him forward into his knowledge, which was a similar tool to the modern telescope. This tool allowed him to discover Jupiter and its four moons. This astonishing discovery leads him to the conclusion that the universe does not consist of an Earth-centered, but a sun-centered universe. After a diner between Castelli, Duke Cosimo II de ‘Medici and his mother Grand Duchess Christina in 1613, the Grand Duchess had doubts about Galileo being a heretic because the Church believed in a Earth-centered universe.
Galileo is one of the greatest and wisest astronomers in history. He provided years of research that showed evidence of new theories and aspects of our galaxy that people never would have imagined in that period of time. There were consequences because his ideas conflicted with those taught and indoctrinated within the church, as his findings went against their religious beliefs. Galileo was even under house arrest for a time because of this.
Johannes 's first book, Astronomia Nova, was met with either ignorance, denial, or compromise from the other astronomers at the time, i.e., Galileo and René Descartes. Several astronomers who were advocates of Johannes 's theories tested them by observing Mercury 's transit in orbit. It proved Johannes 's theories to be true, despite his own certainty of the planet 's orbit. The main driving force for the spread of Johannes 's theories was one of his later books, Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, that many astronomers read and adopted after Johannes 's death. It led many astronomers to believe Johannes 's theory of elliptical orbits (First Law), but his theory on celestial motions (Second
Many people could be given credit for finding Neptune but John Couch Adams and Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier got most all of the credit. It was the first planet to be discovered by telescope but the first planet to be found by people specifically searching for one. It was launched in August 1977 the spacecraft went to Jupiter in 1979 and Saturn in 1981. After it went there it was programmed to go to Uranus in 1979 and last Neptune in 1989. The data and 10,000 pictures it took increased the knowledge of Neptune majorly.
This essay is considering the question ‘Which movement, the Industrial Revolution, or the Enlightenment, was more influential in shaping the world as it exists today?’. Whilst the Industrial Revolution was influential because it brought with it the ability to produce goods in great quantities and supply working class people with jobs, the Enlightenment was when humans discovered rational thought and realised the value of freedom of all sorts. This philosophy was ultimately more influential than the Industrial Revolution because it altered the human brain and the way people thought. The Enlightenment was the time of illumination and was when the human ability to reason was glorified.
Imagine a time where your actions, decisions, and thoughts were controlled by a government, and those ideas were strictly enforced. This was what it was like before the Enlightenment Era, and when this happened, it changed the world forever. The Enlightenment Era was a time period where many different types of people came together to challenge ideas from the time, and think of new ideas that would change the world. There are many people that created new and revolutionary ideas, but the ideas of Wollstonecraft, Locke, Smith, and Voltaire share a common overall idea: freedom and equality. The main ideas of Wollstonecraft, Locke, Smith, and Voltaire are similar because they talk about how every individual should have freedom in society, and that everyone is equal.
During the Enlightenment, an intellectual and philosophical movement took place in Europe. Many theories of knowledge were born during that period including rationalism and empiricism. They opened up the gateway to the history of psychology through their different ideas on how knowledge is acquired. Rationalism was a philosophical theory that considered reason, rather than experience, to be the most significant in acquiring knowledge. Three types of knowledge could be argued by rationalists which included: innate knowledge, innate concepts, and intuition/deduction.