Within his core, the essence of a man’s being remains encapsulated, serving as “a first cause, a fount of energy, a life force, [and] a Prime Mover” (“The Soul of an Individualist”). When the substance that constructs him is subdued, however, the flow of liquid creation that gushes from the fountain of innovation that empowers mankind dries up. In Ayn Rand’s novella Anthem, the quintessential society of the modern day is reversed, inevitably leading to the emergence of a darkened futuristic civilization where humans are forced to become masked shadows behind the cloak of an altruistic society. From the perspective of Equality 7-2521, the grapple between surrendering to conformity or rising to freedom takes place within himself, while he navigates through the lifeless state of his world. As he ventures beyond the boundaries of the incessant precepts implemented by his society, the elements that allow Equality to triumph over its standards are the development of his individual spirit and mind, which guide him toward the ideals of truth.
Happiness is a rite of passage to everyone no matter what cost. It can be extremely difficult to take someone’s happiness away, but it can be done. For example, in the book “Anthem” by Ayn Rand, Prometheus’ happiness is stripped from him in a futuristic society focused around similarity and compliance. Similarly, this unfortunately can happen as we are currently witnessing in Communist countries. Rand describes taking away individuality by forcing everyone to use “we” instead of “I”.
Thomas Hobbes a 17th century philosopher who is best known for his political philosophy. The idea that nature is competitive, where morality only appears when we enter into society and it is backed up by the power of the sovereign. Hobbes define human nature as sensational because sensation is the source of all of our thoughts. We seek out pleasant experience and we avoid unpleasant experiences. For example death is an unpleasant experience where people are fearful losing their lives.
By illustrating a world dominated by masculine qualities, Oryx and Crake shows that feminine qualities are essential to society and are innate in humanity. Art is seen as useless in Oryx and Crake. The professions that are considered important are those that make a profit. Jimmy, an artist, is used by scientists for propaganda, while Crake was able to do whatever he
Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, in “The Culture Industry as Mass Deception,” conclude that mass culture in the United States is identical and unoriginal “under monopoly capitalism” (Adorno, Horkheimer 1242). The Matrix (1999), directed by the Wachowski siblings, is about a group of enlightened outsiders who wage a war against the machines in control of human beings, who are subdued and experiencing a false reality through a simulation called the Matrix. In this paper, I will describe how the film, while seemingly original in its concept of questioning reality and rejecting conformity, ultimately succumbs to the cliches and stylizations of mass culture/media, failing to break from the formula Adorno and Horkheimer criticize. One of the most important points Adorno and Horkheimer make is how mass media, especially films, lacks originality through the use of formulas. The use of cliches in The Matrix is plentiful.
In democratic countries, people often believe that they are free to choose their destinies, while in fact, everyone’s life is controlled in one way or another. The idea of manipulated life and freedom is a popular subject in dystopian fiction and film. The novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, the film Never Let Me Go by Mark Romanek, and the TV episode “Number 12 Looks Just Like You”, Twilight Zone are all examples of exploring how social control of life and freedom does not benefit the individuals. Life has been controlled by society. In Brave New World, the World Controllers control people’s intelligence by manipulating the oxygen amount supplied to their embryos.
He subsequently highlights the importance of personal freedom within society and points out the role of the government taking control of everything in citizens lives. A sense of irony arises because Winston’s rebels against Inner Party but loses all morality by doing so and goes against the fundamental principles he set out to achieve. The government’s role culminates in attempting to convert people’s personal loyalties to loyalty to the party, and those who don't are vaporized. This reveals the meaning of the work as a whole, in that it shows that if you are free within yourself, you are free from any overbearing
This perfectly exemplifies the “consumer-capitalist culture that focuses on the needs and interests of the most privileged” (footnote), a centrality of voluntourism practices. Me to We claims that trip participants and community members are “empowered, equal partners” (footnote), but this is untrue because there exists an unequal power dynamic that is remnant of colonial and capitalist discourses that prevents a comparable exchange. Therefore, the narrative the benefits are equally reciprocal is faulty. Another discourse
This process of recuperation happens in two ways: by converting subcultural signs into mass-produced objects (the commodity form) and by labelling and re-defining deviant behavior by dominant groups (the ideological form). The commodity form benefits from the relationship between the spectacular subcultures and the industries, which is based on ambiguity and the difficulty to distinguish between commercial exploitation and originality, since consumption is an indispensable part of spectacular subcultures and they feed on production and publicity. However, this commercialization and mass production of cultural symbols takes their meaning away from the subculture and makes it available for everyone. On the other hand, the ideological form includes two different strategies to deal with the problems that sociologists encounter when they give too much importance to the way the media depicts subcultures. Treating The Other as a scandal that can threaten the existence of a person, it can either be trivialized, or transformed into something exotic; this transformations destroy the menace that they pose to society.
By getting rid all emotion and purpose, the Party is the one 'who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past’. By creating a past that was a time of slavery and misery through the manipulation of media, citizens have no purpose to rebel as they do not want to return to those times. Therefore, by controlling the history of the past, the Party has ultimate control over what happens in the future. Winston is aware of the manipulation of media and his desire to deviate from conformity gives him a rebellious mindset.
A fresh individuality is required to keep innovation and inventing, indulging the world further into an unending cycle of convenience, yet this indispensable cycle is simply inevitable. This proves Postman’s point written in Amusing Ourselves to Death, confirming in a sense that pop culture is detracting from our world’s individuality. It is as if the world is covered by the same shade of dull beige, blanketed in a safe cocoon of other’s opinions. The way to change this color? Break the cycle of spoon fed information, and begin one of self-discovery.
Kesey further suggests how individuals tend to conform to a puritanical society and suppress the difference in ourselves in order to be secure and validate the normality of our existence. This barrier of fear is overcome by Randle McMurphy, the only one to use his individuality to ultimately spark change in this mental institution forever. In this puritanical post war American society during the psychedelic sixties, difference drives revolution, a valuable feature to society. In One flew over the cuckoo’s nest, Kesey envisions therapeutic communities as manipulations of coercion to force individuals internal souls to conform to the ideals of an external environment during the psychedelic sixties. Through the narration of Chief Bromden, Kesey portrays a post war American Psychiatric hospital setting to represent how society smothers difference even though it may come as a valuable aspect to