But, the colonists believed in actual representation, which was when someone from the colonies would represent them in Parliament. The colonists insisted that what the British were doing was taxation without representation. I believe that these very different views on actual and virtual representation, played a crucial role in the commencement of the Revolutionary War, giving birth to America as a democracy. Most colonists came from Great Britain but there were also large amounts that came from all over Europe, which then led to a wide variety of hostility toward one another. Many of the governments that they were
In the light of an Enlightenment era radical ideas were nothing new, however radical ideas against the British government (and the european lifestyle in general) were dangerous. The founders were directly influenced by the enlightenment, Thomas Jefferson even had paintings of Locke, Bacon, and Newton in his home. The Colonists of that day, especially the learned men were raised to believe that founding a government was one of the greatest things a person could do. Thomas Paine wrote “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.” The American revolution started as an Enlightenment movement, guided by Enlightenment principles, and brought about by the Children of the Enlightenment. The Revolution began as an infringement on the rights of English citizens, not American rights.
However, the American Revolution and the French Revolution are arguably the two most significant revolutions in world history. But what makes them so comparable, and what makes them so contrasting? The main similarity between the two revolutions was their overall purpose. The American Revolution occurred with the intention of severing ties with a “foreign” nation and establishing a new government that would enact policies and taxes that were more actively responsive to the current conditions of the colonies. Most Americans did not desire complete autonomy from
Different factors had a part to play in starting or even propelling ‘the Age of Enlightenment’, including the rule of the Church and State which experienced a power struggle among them, in addition to the Western discovery of latest societies with noticeably exclusive cultural traditions and norms. Many intellectuals felt unhappy with the fixed social styles amongst their very own collectives, and angry at their governments' refusal to provide non-public rights. The lasting political effect of the Enlightenment can't be overstated. At the least three fundamental political revolutions came about throughout this time period in Britain, America, and France. Those revolutions manifested thoughts centring on
Jefferson explains some of the King’s actions to make them submit to him. These are some of the reason why the Colonist have decided to break their bonds with Britain. Another example is: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it. Jefferson uses repetition by using same words to educate the King with what they believe in and hoping that these beliefs are enough for the King to agree with the decision of the Colonists to break apart from them without causing any bloodshed.
During the 17th century in Europe, there was major social and political disgruntlement among the people, because of this many European experienced revolutions. Two countries who gained the most traction in their revolutions and saw major change was France and what is now known as Germany. France experienced revolutions in both 1830 and 1848, while Germany experienced a revolution in 1848. I will be focusing on both of Frances revolutions as they were both caused due to corrupt governments and the goal of both was similar, a more republican nation. The reason France had a revolution in 1830 was because the royalist believed the kings had too much power, in 1815 the Congress of Vienna had put a Bourbon Monarch into power names Louis XVIII
The colonists no longer considered it be a virtuous government. As Thomas Paine said, “Government is, or at least should be, designed to “supply the deflect of moral virtue”. It is evident that in the years 1774 to 1776 that British government had become corrupt and they were forcing laws upon the colonists that they did not have the authority to do. By enforcing these laws without giving the colonists proper representation in Parliament the British government had infringed on the colonist’s rights to life, liberty, and
In Thomas Jefferson’s letter to Philip Mazzei, he describes the “Aristocratic Party”, he points out the shift of the people in power. He recounts how the ruling body is now mostly controlled by men who don’t support republican ideals, these are the federalist. They are shifting the away from what the war was trying to achieve and instead looking towards Britain. Only the legislative branch still holds the ideals of the revolution and the need for liberty. While the rest of the ruling party forgot what they were fighting for and many were enticed by the treacherous British.
Both Thomas Hobbes and John Locke had different ideas about the government and human nature. When Hobbes was in the English Civil War he was convinced that humans are naturally selfish and wicked people, and without government there would be no order in the world, and there would be in chaos. Hobbs thought that the ruler need a total power to keep the people under control, which would be an absolute monarchy. John Locke on the other hand, had a different opinion, it was a more positive view on human nature. Locke thought the people can learn from their mistakes and improve themselves.
Another influential philosopher was the french Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who wrote the Bill Of Rights. It protected the people's right from the government. These new ideas influenced in the French Revolution just like other revolutions did too. In 1776 the American revolution took place and inspired the French people. The British colonies in the America’s declared their independence from the English Court and the lower class in France saw the possibility of throwing down the French