The social system in France had already been flawed many years before Louis XVI came into power. It was of the norm to have people of different social and economic standings, this is what people had been raised to believe. The segregation between estates became more obvious when Louis XVI ruled because the peasantry had to bear the weight of the country on their shoulder because they paid the majority of tax although they were poor. Louis XVI was indecisive by nature, this did not act in his favour as the country needed the king to make decisions and to stand by them. The decisions
China’s leader Mao implemented a program called Mao’s Great Leap Forward program this program told peasant framers when to plant crops, what to plant and how much to plant. Also peasants were required to turn over a third of their crops for taxed that was meant to feed the cities. In return the presents were made promises from the government such as the commune would provide workers with food, medical care, and other necessities. This contributed to the people starving and going to great lengths to survive such as trading children and killing and eating them, at this time famine was widespread and killing many people in China. Mao ruled for over twenty-seven years and during that time, “he had doomed China’s people to become some of the poorest on the planet”.
France faced the worst subsistence crisis since 1709 caused by the poor harvest of 1794 and the long and harsh winter of 1794 to 1795 (Price, 147). Poor people suffered from this problem the most. When France was divided into three estates, the third estate had to pay the taxes. The reason why the poor people suffered the most from the poor harvest of 1794 because, harvesting was how they made a living. With the poor harvest, many people starved of no food.
Because commoners’ land was taxed so much, they were unable to feed themselves. Young says “the lack of bread is terrible. The price for bread has risen above people’s ability to pay” (Doc B). Most of the French belonged to the third estate and were unable to provide food for their families causing great misery and anger. This inequality of pay was a huge issue in France, but yet King Louis and the rest of the monarchy did not provide a solution.
These ideas and beliefs would cause a revolution in France, causing the French Revolution (1789 to 1799). “The French Revolution actualized the Enlightenment 's greatest intellectual breakthrough: detaching the political from the theocratic” (Mishra 3). By the peasants realizing things were unfair with Nobles, Kings, and other high social figures at the time were getting there way, like not having to pay taxes. The Enlightenment is what fueled the French Revolution, by people having new ideas about social justice. “Its leading voices combined confidence in the human mind and human enterprise inspired by scientific revolution and faith in the power of rational criticism to challenge the intellectual authority of tradition and the christian past” (Kagan 589).
Lastly, there is everyone else (the peasants) which made up the rest of the population 99%. The actual breaking point of the French Revolution was the meeting at the Versi Palace or so it is labeled. The meeting started off in the palace with all three social class having representatives. The poor were afraid of being given more tax while the wealthy was afraid of their money being taken along with their titles. The king himself was terrified of his title as the
European explorers founded a large majority of North America and other far away countries that were not known of to the Europeans from their curiosity towards what could potentially be on Earth. The creation of new ships and technology, such as the compass, changed navigation while people were on voyages; changing the way to find new lands in foreign territory. The Europeans, during the Renaissance, were motivated to convey an emotion onto a canvas through artwork and sculpture. With an extensive amount of change in Europe during the 1500s-1600s, science was understood more clearly with the findings of an astronomer, Galileo Galilei. When the Renaissance came into play, the discoveries in science increased through the way the Europeans branched
Drought, followed by crop shortages and starvation, resulted in twenty great famines between 1675 and 1837. Peasant unrest grew, and by the late eighteenth century, mass protests over taxes and food shortages had become commonplace. Newly landless families became tenant farmers, while the displaced rural poor moved into the cities. As the fortunes of previously well-to-do families declined, others moved in to accumulate land, and a new, wealthy farming class emerged. Those people who benefited were able to diversify production and to hire laborers, while others were left discontented.
In the mid-1800s, Ireland was a nation which depended on agriculture. The Irish were among the poorest people in the world, relying on crops to feed their families. The Great Famine, or An Gorta Mór, commenced with the potato failure in 1845. It lasted for six years and caused the deaths of over one million men, women and children. It also led to a huge increase in emigration with two million people fleeing the country in the search of both food and a life free from corruption.
It was estimated in the end of 1956 95% of families joined the higher stage cooperatives, one of the first economic plans Mao had arranged. Many peasants complained about the “overcrowding, food shortages and housing problems” (Brooman 33). These causes are some examples of the problems showing that the peasants were dissatisfied with Mao’s economic plans. In addition to peasant problems, the Great Leap Forward caused a great famine in China, although there was a steady rise in steel production. 3 out of 11 million steel products were too impure causing decrease in food growth, causing a death of 45 million people from 1959 to 1962 (Morrison 3).