causes of stomach ulcer: stomach usually produces acid to help with the digestion of food and to destroy bacteria. This acid is corrosive, therefore some cells on the inside lining of the stomach and duodenum usually produce a natural mucus barrier which protects the lining of the stomach and duodenum. Generally there is always a balance between the acid amount that we make and the mucus protect barrier. Due to the alteration in this balance an ulcer may develop, allowing the acid to damage the lining of the duodenum or stomach . Infection with Helicobacter pylori: Infection b Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the cases of stomach ulcer.
A fistula is an opening on the large intestine and another surface that stick together and form a tunnel. If they are healed while connected, it can cause the spread of bacteria from the large intestine and cause inflammation and infection. The last, but yet of many more complications is dysuria or painful urination. Diverticulitis can cause a part of the bowels that are inflamed to have contact with the bladder causing the pain and having to urinate more often. It can also cause air to be present in urine which is the result of a fistula.
Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure. Kidney failure can also be caused by autoimmune disorders, such as lupus erythematosus. Of the many types of disease-causing, most causes of diabetes mellitus. According to Budiman, 45 percent of sufferers of kidney failure caused by diabetes mellitus, 28 percent by high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis by 9 percent, and 18 percent of other
Firstly we had to assess the severity of the hemopneumothorax so we assessed for common signs which are chest pain, dyspnea, tachypnea, tachycardia and hypotension. Late signs would be tracheal deviation, distended neck vein, peripheral shunting due to the hypovolemic shock. The patient had displayed many of these signs besides some of the late ones although diminished radial pulses were felt. I was unable to find the likelihood ratios to formally diagnose the patient with a
The person has a very short time before the urine is released when the urge to urinate occurs no matter what the patient is trying to do. This case can be a reason of a sudden change in the position, sex during orgasm, or for some people the sound of the running water. Moreover, from the identified causes, Cystitis (CNS) which stands for -central nervous system- problems, some examples for that are multiple sclerosis, stroke and Parkinson's disease. Another cause for urge incontinence is an enlarged prostate - the bladder may drop and the urethra could become irritated. (Nordqvist, C.
1. Aetiology: Gonorrhoea is a specific disease caused by a Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, a Gram Negative diplococcus which can infect a variety of mucosal surfaces lined by columnar epithelial cells. Those sites mostly affected are the urethra in men, uterine cervix and urethra in women. Rectal infection is common in both in women and men that have sex with men. Gonococcal pharyngitis can occur following oro-genital contact in both sexes, but is found more frequently in men that have sex with men .Although adult gonococcal infections are usually sexually transmitted, vulvo-vaginitis can occur in pre- pubertal girls as a results of contact with fomites.
Conjunctivitis medicamentosa: Also known as toxicogenic conjunctivitis is caused by medicine or toxin instilled into the conjunctival sac. Causes and transmission The cause of allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction of the body's immune system to an allergen. Allergic conjunctivitis is common in people who have other signs of allergic disease such as hay fever, asthma and eczema. Organisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Chlamydia sp. Candida albicans and parasites (Ascaris lumbricoides, Ancylostoma duodenale) are the main causative agent of Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
Generally Granulocytes can be stained while Agranulocytes cannot. There are three types of granulocytes: neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophil. Neutrophils perform small-scale phagocytosis, which means that they “eat” foreign substances and dead cells. Basophils are involved with allergic reactions and secrete two substances: histamine and heparin. Finally, Eosinophil destroy parasitic infections and combat inflammations.
Tetanus can enter the body by; animal bites, skin burns, body piercing and tattoos done with unsterile tools, injection of drugs with contaminated needles, abrasion and laceration, and even circumcision. Once the bacterial spores have access into the body they multiply at an alarming rate, and deposit tetanospasmin throughout the body. If the lesion is deep the bacterial toxin can thrive better, even with no or little oxygen. Tetanospasmin is a neurotoxin that directly targets the nervous system.
The symptoms of internal herniation usually point to acute intestinal obstruction. In other cases the patient may refer chronic mild digestive complaints or remain asymptomatic. In case of acute obstruction the patient may complain for abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, absence of gases and feces. Very rarely a mass of viscera can be palpated. So, there must be a high index of clinical suspicion of internal hernia to every patient, who presents to the emergency department with obstruction clinical features.
However, it is likely due to an abnormal response of the immune system. Food or bacteria in the intestines, or even the lining of the bowel may cause the uncontrolled inflammation associated with Crohn 's disease. Signs and Symptoms: The symptoms of Crohn 's disease depend on where the disease occurs in the bowel and its severity. These are some symptom examples Chronic diarrhea, often bloody and containing mucus or pus Weight loss Fever Abdominal pain and tenderness Feeling of a mass or fullness in the abdomen Rectal bleeding
Bile is handled improperly and thus begins to circulate in the bloodstream, causing the skin color to change to yellow. • Cirrhosis: A progressive chronic inflammation of the liver that typically results from severe chronic hepatitis or chronic alcoholism. • Ascites: Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity; is excessive, causes visible
Urinalysis: Dark yellow and cloudy, protein 28 mg/dL, positive for casts, positive for red blood cells and white blood cells, positive for glucose and ketones. What do you think is the origin of W.A.’s septicemia? Septicemia is an infection of the blood, also known as bacteremia or blood poisoning. The most common infections that lead to septicemia are: urinary tract infections, lung infections, such as pneumonia, kidney infections, and infections in the abdominal area. I believe the origin of W.A.’s septicemia is her kidneys.
Clostridium Difficile Infection Clostridium difficile (C. difficile or C. diff) infection is a condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine (colon). This condition can result in damage to the lining of your colon and may lead to colitis. This condition can be passed from person to person (contagious). CAUSES C. diff is a bacterium normally found in the colon. This condition is caused when the balance of C. diff is changed and there is an overgrowth of C. diff.