He defines the theory of justice as a work of political philosophy and ethics Rawls (1971). His main aim was to bring together two fundamental political philosophies egalitarianism and libertarianism. Rawls' theory attempts to resolve this division by meeting the libertarian demand, for the most part, to respect personal freedom, and meeting the egalitarian demand of equality regarding economic redistribution. Rawls argues that the concepts of freedom and equality are basically the same. For justice to be truly just, everyone must be afforded the same rights under the law.
“In this way, with the whole city developing and being governed well, we must leave it to nature to provide each group with its share of happiness” (421c). I believe he is claiming this because he believes that individual interests can be served with the mutual dependency individuals have on each other, which is the common good. The distinction Plato makes about self-interest and the common good has a common denominator which is the ruler. The natural obligation of the ruler is maintaining the well being of the bigger picture. As the painting analogy suggests happiness of the city is not about individual well-being but rather the common state of majority being happy.
In the article “Social Work and Social Reform: An Arena struggle”, Abramowitz talks about the history and importance of being a social worker. Abramowitz mentions the history of activism, social reforms, and the political climate. Abramowitz believes social workers have lost their roots of activism. According to Abramowitz, the 1994 CSWE Curriculum Policy Statement and the 1996 NASW Code of Ethnics, helped to improve the social condition as one way for social work to honor its primary obligation to individual and community welfare. The Charity Organization society movement arrived to the United States in 1870’s.
They do this in order to explain and understand justice and demonstrate justice by looking at individual character and soul (Coumoundouros, 2014). Plato believed and treated justice as a virtue of both individual and a society which meant that every issue which we believe is ethical comes from the idea of justice. In our modern society we look at justice as part of morality and don’t look at someone as unjust if they lie but other descriptions about the individual develop straight away. Individual justice refers to moral issues which are related to goods and property for example we say that it is an unjust if the person steal from someone or does not return what they owe
The concept and specifics of social justice are open to interpretation. Each theory has its advantages and flaws, making it difficult to settle on one set of guidelines that would be deemed universally as “just.” Some key issues that social justice theories should address are whether or not social justice depends on equality or aid to those in greater need, how possible is it to remove bias from a social situation, whether or not a society should be working towards a better or a perfect society, and what part does plural grounding play in the process of seeking justice? One pressing issue that social justice theories should address is whether or not justice is about equal access to equal treatment and resources or providing more aid to those
Such a situation is merely 'a device of representation ' and not a real condition. According to Rawls, these citizens would agree on two major principles: that 1) 'each person has the same indefeasible claim to a fully adequate scheme of equal basic liberties, which scheme is compatible with the same scheme of liberties for all '; and that 2) social and economic inequalities 'are to be attached to offices and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity; and second, they are to be to the greatest benefit of the least-advantaged members of society (the difference principle) ' (Rawls 2001, 42). In other words, it would be reasonable for these citizens to pursue justice beyond individual presuppositions, prejudices and preferences, at least because it would be irrational for them to allow for such conditions under which their own preferences would be
People only value justice or morality when they can be scrutinized. With that being said I still believe Justice is a predominant and important theme or value to follow in life. Firstly I want to elaborate on the point that justice is just a social construct for people when being scrutinized under society. People have talked about this idea through history and it is especially present in a greek fable called The Ring of Gyges. This story is about a man who finds a ring that makes him invisible, and then he proceeds to do immoral things and takes the throne from the king by murdering him.
He believed in the importance of teleology, which is the study of ends, and all other things being claimed is considered as ends. The other aspect of his theory states justice as fairness or lawfulness. Law encourages people to perform nobly. He draws a distinction between virtue and justice; the former being one’s moral state and latter being the relation one holds with the society. He has divided justice into two parts, particular justice and general justice.
The theory of justice can act as a guide in a society that pursues equality, whereby, inequality is only acceptable if it is to the benefit of the disadvantaged. Principles of the Theory of Justice Rawls’s Theory of Justice is guided by two primary guiding principles that are derived from the works of the theory included (Sen, 2006). The First Principle of Justice According to Rawls (2009), “Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others”. This principle protects some fundamental rights like the right to run for office and vote, liberty of conscience, freedom of speech, freedom from arbitrary arrest, and freedom of personal property. However, there is still some debate if freedom of contract makes this list.