Entrepreneurship In India

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This chapter intends to analyze the development of entrepreneurship in Karnataka. It deals with different approaches, strategies and schemes adopted by the Government, institutional agencies, voluntary organizations etc., for the progress of entrepreneurial activities in the state among women. Rising international apprehension for women's issues has forced many Governments, world over to study the difficulties of women, and to provide them some measure of social security and status. In India we can discern a noticeable change of attitude in governmental approach and in other social and economic standards of women towards broader objectives and goals. In addition to government efforts, voluntary agencies have been very active in organizing programmes…show more content…
The world Conference of UNO in Mexico from 19th June - 2nd July, t975 on the ‘Decade for Women', adopted the new World Plan of Action for application of the objectives of the international women's Year, with a global consensus on what should be done to improve the conditions of women economically, socially and politically 2. The Indian Government situated a committee to study the ‘status of Women’. The status of Women Committee Report was used to draw up the National Plan of 1976 based on UN's World Plan of Action for Women,3 this resulted in a new consciousness about focusing on women for national development in India, more as equal partners than as targets for welfare policies. But women’s issues did not have much of an impact except that in the Sixth Five Year Plan of India, a chapter was included wherein only the magnitude of women’s problem was defined. The Seventh Five Year Plan first time in India emphasized a qualitative focus such as developing confidence amongst women and creating awareness about their rights and privileges, guiding them for economic activity and employment. During the period, the Government had about twenty-seven schemes for women, some women specific and others for both males and females, e.g., DWACRA., Short Term Entrepreneurship Awareness Camps,…show more content…
The small-scale industries also occupy a significant place in industrial set up of Karnataka. The importance of small-scale industries in the economy are recognized in the plans. By the end of March 1992, there were about I.26 lakh small-scale units with an investment of Rs.1278 cores, providing employment to 8.70 Iakh persons. The Table 4.01 gives us information about plan-wise outlay and expenditure for industries and minerals. Government has been formally enunciating/declaring its firm emphasis on industrialization through various industrial policy resolutions of 1948, 1956, 1970, 1973, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990 and 199I. The Industrial Policy Resolution of 1955 is a logical extension of the 1948 resolution adopted for fostering industrial growth. Thus the industrial policies of 1948 and 1956 have been the two 'guiding stars ' of India’s Five Year Plans. They are an ‘economic constitution’ by themselves.4 The various basic policy measures for rapid industrialization are determined still on the basis of Industrial Policy Resolution of 1956. Table
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