Richard Niebuhr struggled with this dilemma and examined how the Church historically has understood her relationship to culture. He gave his findings in a popular book titled Christ and Culture where discusses five basic ways Christians relate to culture. They are either (1) against culture, or (2) of culture, or (3) above culture, or (4) in tension with culture, or (5) transformers of
Throughout his lecture, Bertrand Russell presents quite a few convincing arguments for the reasons he is not a Christian. Watering down of the foundations and expectations of Christianity, rejection of the advances of science, and behavior uncharacteristic of the Christ that Christians claim to emulate are all valid concerns that merit further consideration. While Russell makes many valid points throughout his account that I agree with, I would speculate that Russell based these observations on a broad response to the summary of Christianity, rather than consideration of the individuals involved and how their personally held beliefs might differ from these generalizations. To begin with, Russell’s frustration with the core definition of Christian belief is understandable; having a set of once-vital, basic beliefs viewed more as suggestions for exceptional living proves confusing and misleading. Russell’s observation that the title of Christian “does not have quite such a full-blooded meaning” (Russell, 1) as it once did is such a merited concern that, in recent years, some members of the church itself share this view; this
These two both teach the concrete idea to live simply by avoiding the temptation to overly value earthly things. The teachings in both the Toa Te Ching and the Sermon on the Mount exist as result of our sinful nature, and it is suggested in both texts that this nature is the cause for strife among human beings. But the reason for why we should follow these moral teachings put in place differs between the two. The Toa Te Ching tells us to adopt these instructions because it is necessary in order to follow the Tao, but is unclear about an afterlife.
This is the journey that Antonio Marex Luna explores in Rudolfo Anaya’s (1972) Chicano novel Bless Me, Ultima. Throughout the novel, Antonio fights a psychological war in his mind about all the religions and faiths that surround him in his everyday routine. The religion we choose gives us feeling, faith, and gives us something to turn to when we need help or don’t know what to do
In the pre-secular past, professionals in the field of psychology labeled religion as incorrect, blasphemous, and even dangerous. This has vastly changed with modernity and secularism and has resulted in the acceptance of diversity in religion and consequently in the culture of psychologist’s cliental. Studies have supported the benefice of spiritual therapies and as people are no longer of one religions faith, it has become more and more vital that therapists educate themselves in a variety of religions and cultures, as these will impact the outcome of therapy. However, in post-secular society, there happens to be a rising population of people with no religious affiliation and to use religion in therapy for these individuals would be impractical.
As I mentioned above, I think the main target market or people who would benefit from reading this book will be people who are interested in the comparison between theology and economics and also people who are looking for a concise theological response to North American consumerist society. Message of Author: I think the main message that Cavanaugh tries to get through to the reader is that Christians should consider their beliefs like; freedom, incarnation and the Eucharist and take it seriously and commit themselves to the transformation of the principles of the free market. I also think that Cavanaugh achieved what he wanted with writing this book and being able to help people understand the comparisons between theology and economics and he also helps people to be able to change their consumer habits in a way that is wiser.
The author made the effort to be as objective as possible, and this is seen in the quality of his work. The anecdotes provided by the author also kept the work grounded in reality and not just in theory, as exemplified by the recounting of the various debates and experiences that both authors has engaged in. As a fairly comprehensive introductory book about Christian Apologetics, the Resurrection, and the profound effect of this particular faith on millions of people all over the world, one can easily see that its success is merited and its purpose fulfilled. The impact that it could leave the reader was apparent, and it was pursued aggressively and excellently by the two authors in a manner that relates to both the doubters and the
In “Morality and Religion: A Psychological Perspective, the authors, Anca Mustea, Oana Negru, and Adrian Opre explore how religion and morality relate to each other. The article begins by discussing different psychological theories and research to create some understanding of how religion could apply into the morality of people. The authors also discuss cultural approaches as to how religion and morality fit together which tends lead to a lack of understanding since researchers show favor to their own cultural perspective. Finally, the authors providing some direction to the possibilities of how religion and morality relate to each other from their perspectives. While I found this article interesting, it was difficult to read considering the many concepts discussed.
In addition to the worries about how the Bible would be viewed with integration and the lack of guidelines, there are other concerns which must be addressed as well before integration can truly take place. For example, many Christian psychologists today spend more time worrying about how psychology fits into their theology instead of trying to practically apply biblical beliefs to a counseling setting (Ripley, 2012). Because of this, there are many psychologists who tend to blur ethical guidelines, often attempting to take more of a position of a pastor than that of a counselor or guide (Tan, 2003). Tan goes on to mention that one of the trickiest parts of integration is making sure that the ability to guide someone spiritually is not misused,
Any comprehensive reading of The Pilgrim 's Progress requires an extensive understanding of the religious framework within which John Bunyan was writing. Generally speaking, Bunyan fits into the group of people that are now commonly referred to as Puritans. In Bunyan 's time, however, 'Puritan ' was a somewhat ambiguous term that incorporated Baptists and Quakers, Ranters and other dissenters. While they shared a common goal of "purifying" the Church of what they saw as excess and materialism, there are many subtle differences between these religions ' theologies, methods, and relations to authority. Bunyan did not necessarily chose to label himself, but Greaves observes that he likely could have been described as an open-membership, open-communion
However, when it comes to the older Christians, can feed their pride and lead to sin. Collins stated,”the purpose of the sermon is to edify the congregation in their faith, not to convince them that you swallowed a chain reference Bible or a seminary Rolodex.” Therefore, we should only use and teach messages that the congregations can
Paul Thompson in the article “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” , claims that 14 year old Brazil, charged in last May’s shooting of middle school teacher Gunrow, was found guilty of second degree murder. Paul Thompson supports his by first explaining that Brazil was only 12 when the incident happen. He then says since he was only 12 , his brain was and still is not fully developed. Lastly the author says ,” teenagers are not yet adults , and the legal system shouldn’t treat them as such. Thompson’s purpose is to get the world to know , if children are not yet adults, why are they being treated like one in the legal system in order to stop it.
When Jake became highly anxious about his classes, a psychologist diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. However, the ways psychologist would look at the origin and treatment of Jakes anxiety would differ depending on the approach. A behavior approach would look at the environment around Jake, while the cognitive approach which would look at how Jake thinks. The humanistic approach would identify that Jake is not in harmony with his surroundings and look at the way he thought of himself. If one were to look at the origin of Jakes anxiety from the Behavioral approach, it would be based only on observations.
A summary of what Kuyper’s worldview would be seeing the world through God’s loving eyes. To quote the book, “And this seeing is guided by love, and abiding desire to care about what God cares about- to rejoice in what makes God’s heart glad and to grieve about what saddens him.” I would agree with that statement. We must be transformed by grace and the love of Jesus to see the world in a new perspective. As Christians, we should be attempting to understand what hurts our Father and what delights him greatly.
Everyone has a worldview, whether we take it into consideration or not. We become caught or lost in some train of thought because our worldviews are often hidden as a result of. CS Lewis takes a journey with his faith and he begins to notice his own worldview made a turn for the best. C.S. Lewis left his childhood Christian faith to spend years as a determined atheist. After finally admitting God existed, Lewis gave in and knelt in prayer to become what he described later as “the most dejected and reluctant convert in all England.”