Describe the workings of the colonial assemblies. How did these assemblies operate with the understanding of salutary neglect? (105-106) Rich colonists made up the colonial assemblies wherein they also helped on producing policies for the legislation Gave their opinions to the governor in the intention of controlling the colonies and effectively gain profits Held votations in order to appoint people into the assembly With the advancement that trading had done in their economy, the government softened with the imposement of laws 13. What was done to protect the mercantile system by England and explain the colonists’ reactions. (107-110) After Walpole’s idea to subsidize Georgie, in order to get power on the trade system back, the War of Jenkin’s Ear between Spain and Britain took place Spain opposed to the expansion British is making since British smuggling was eminent already and Spain wanted trade rights European wars were mostly caused by claim of land: France wanted the sugar islands of the Britain Britain restrains the colonies to trade with other countries Colonists continued trading with French and bought cheap molasses from them Britain resulted in passing tax on imported goods called the Molasses Act which made the colonists gain less
The colonists depended on Great Britain to provide them with the manufactured goods they were accustomed to back in Europe. However this was not a one sided relationship, the British government depended on the resources found in the colonies to help the British economy improve. The British economy partially relied on the resources from the colonies for them to produce manufactured goods, and then sell them back to the colonies. This relationship mutually benefited both participants because the colonists needed the manufactured goods and Britain needed the resources. Not only was this aspect of the relationship beneficial, but it also enriched the economy of both groups.
The British people possessed many ambitious motives for their long journey to inhabit the new world, such as trade. The British men gathered full control of the trading center present in the Americas, and created the Navigation Acts to help aid them in their tactics to take control over all trade within the Americas. The Navigation Acts were passed under a mercantilist system, and was used to regulate trade in a way that only benefitted the British economy. These acts restricted trade between England and its colonies to English or colonial ships, required certain colonial goods to pass through England before export, provided subsidies for the production of certain raw goods in the colonies, and banned colonial competition in large-scale manufacturing. This lowered the competition in the trading world for the British and caused the British to have a major surge in power, that greatly attributed to the growth of their rising empire.
The economic and social structure changes after the French and Indian War inevitably lead to political structure change. Before the war, colonists had, for the most part, their own self-government with little participation by British officials. Royal governors were appointed for most southern states, however their roles were limited. After the war, Great Britain attempted to give more power to British officials so that they could enforce the laws of trade and taxes more prominently. The growing idea of Liberty in the colonies also brought a realization to the colonists that they were in need of "actual" representation in Parliament instead of the "virtual" representation they were given.
According to definition, reinvention is to invent again, remodel, or revive something that already exists. Between the 16th and 19th centuries Americans has embraced the idea of reinvention through their determination to change the religion and government of their time. Since the development of the American Colonies, Americans, or in this case colonist, embraced the character of reinvention and applied it to religion. They took the ideas from Martin Luther’s 1517 Protestant Reformation to shape the landscape which they lived in. Protestants and Catholics were constantly trying to reinvent to common social norms that were already in placed in order to please their denomination.
Before the American Revolution, the colonists still considered themselves to be English and followed British rule. However, the American revolution allowed them to separate themselves from British rule and form their own separate power. This separate power unified the colonists who now shared the same political, religious, cultural, racial, historical, linguistic, and ideological views which were different from their views under British rule. They were beginning to pave the way to becoming "Americans" rather than English. During the American Revolution, slaves were recruited by both the British and the colonists to fight for each side 's cause.
The settling of the Northern Colonies began with the arrival of the Pilgrims, or Puritan separatists, to Plymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, led by John Winthrop, was formed shortly after and became known as the "Bible Commonwealth" for its large religious influence. However, religious tensions began to arise with dissidents like Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams. The Rhode Island Colony was formed as a haven for these dissenters and exiles, and it became known as being strongly liberal and individualistic. The third New England colony, Connecticut, was led by Thomas Hooker and was the first to establish a "modern constitution" through the Fundamental Orders.
Puritans (church members) were Calvinist who wanted to purify the Church of England they confine church membership to persons they believed to be “saved”, the bible was the final authority. Puritans settler in different parts all over North America, John Winthrop writing the Mayflower compact gave a significant power to Puritans in the New World looking for “a city upon a hill” leaving a political structure over New England in which the puritan had power over the colonies. Within fifty year since the founding of New England the whites surrounded the ancestral lands of the Indians, Metacomet (King Philip) was the son of Massasoit who signed the treaty with the Pilgrims, Philip concerned by the impact of the lands and Europeans culture and religion
One of the initial fuses for revolution was the religious revival known as The Great Awakening from 1730-1740 which swept through the colonies. This revival taught of inner religious emotion being more important than church authority. The congregations which filled the colonies broke apart as beliefs differed, leading to several new denominations. Christianity also began to influence colonial culture like never before and Christian beliefs formed the nucleus of colonial thought. The church was made more tolerant through The Great Awakening and it caused the formation of key institutions.
The Pilgrims creation of the Mayflower Compact helped the average citizen have a role in government because the government and laws the Pilgrims chose to have for themselves in the New World was different from the monarchy and laws they were used to in Europe. In the Mayflower Compact, the Pilgrims state that they are going to combine themselves into a civil, body politic. They also plan to create equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions and offices for the general good of the colony. The government the Pilgrims had allowed men in the colony, and their wives if they were absent during a town meeting, to vote. The colonists were used to having a Monarchy as their government who could create or get rid of laws at any moment.
Above all else, a trade framework is a financial framework to expand a country 's riches by government controls of the majority of the country 's business advantages. It was additionally critical in light of the fact that the country could deal with the economy, which included designating products and assets and deciding costs. The possibility of mercantilism drove laws in the states that would build up England as their lone exchanging accomplice, to permit England to offer the merchandise and balance out their economy. Mercantilist thought and laws made the provinces trust they required autonomy from England to appropriately exchange and thrive. The American settlements part in mercantilism was to do this very thing; right off the bat, the provinces gave tobacco; inevitably other important money products were sent back, for example, indigo.
The Federalists were more Britain oriented than the Democrat-Republicans, they wished for a strong, centered government with strong economic ties to Britain, whether as the Democrat-Republicans wished for a limited government and strong political ties to France. This separation between political parties would become a major factor of American politics, even after the fall of the Federalist party after the war of 1812, new political ideas kept on emerging and contending with each other. When the Constitution was eventually ratified, the Democrat-Republicans were still skeptical and called for a Bill of Rights that would protect the rights of the people. This strong accentuation of personal rights and individual thought would become a key aspect of the American identity. Although the separation of political parties did set a precedent for future American politics, it also ostracized Americans and reversed the feeling of national unity that emerged from the war.
Uniting Americans under one common set of values would strengthen the country and allow for the United States to become the new land of freedom and equality that had been envisioned. Another man famous for questioning what the new ‘America’ was to be was Daniel Shays. In 1787 he, among four other men, speak out against what they saw as the threat of imminent tyranny to Hampshire declaring “… the people of the county of Hampshire immediately assemble in arms, to support and maintain, not only the rights and liberties of the people...” . Still, even with the push for an American nationalism by Federalists, the states saw the federal government as a means for tyranny and complete control over the states. Having just recently fought for their independence from a different tyrannical power, the strong sense of pride for their countrymen and state prompted each state to look inwards for government rather than to a higher power.