Personality is the way one behaves, thinks and feels. Theorists are interested to learn what shapes personality, what causes one to behave, think and feel the way one does. Different theorists have different beliefs in what causes these individual differences. These individual differences can be split into two categories, nature and nurture. Nature would be environment while nature would be the brain and the genes, also known as genotype.
Intension is defined as the internal content of a concept which tends to behaviour. Since psychological factors has vital role in this study, Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) has to be considered for this hypothesis of MSWM. The origin of TPB can be traced back to the theory of reasoned action (TRA) (Fishbein, 1967; Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975). The TPB is based on the assumption that most human behaviour is the result of an individual’s intention to undertake a particular behaviour and the ability of an individual to make a conscious decision about it (Maria Ham et al., 2015) which means the behaviour of person change according to behavioural intentions, which are primarily affected by attitudes toward act and subjective norms. An extension
There is a reciprocal interaction between behavior, influential environmental factors and cognitive processes regulators, along with the ability of man to symbolically represent their actions and anticipate the likely consequences. The basic source of acquisition of behavior is the observation of the actions of a model, which is reinforced or punished. The behavior can be controlled by external stimuli or reinforcement, but is also regulated by its consequences and the cognitive abilities of humans . With his social learning theory, Bandura believed that human behavior should be described in terms of the reciprocal interaction between determinants cognitive, behavioral and environmental. He checked the fact that humans acquire their behavior and personality according to how they see acting others, an important education point because thanks to this discovery establishes that the teacher should behave properly, because it is a model common that students tend to imitate.
Thesis Statement The intentional system theory proposed by Daniel Dennett is account to explain and predict the entity’s behavior which attributes with beliefs and desires. These statements are also applied in folk psychology which human behavior is predicted and explained through the attribution of attitudes. The intentional system contains of three instances which are physical stance, design stance, and intentional stance. The intentional stance have a distinct characteristic when compared with the physical and design stances. Introduction The physical stance, design stance, and intentional stance are the strategies that could be used to encounter with objects or systems as stated in the intentional system theory.
Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior The roles of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior could be explained using the attribution theory where attribution is the process of interpreting and explaining behavior and how people try to use these factors to do this . Situational factors refer to external influences such as who you surround yourself with, social norms, the situation and the weather while dispositional factors are about internal factors such as your personality, attitude and beliefs . In explaining behavior these factors can either be combined as one explanation or used separately to determine the cause of one’s actions. For example, one study testing the situational role in affecting behavior was done by Philip Zimbardo (1971) in the Stanford Prison Experiment where 22 males were selected depending on their social skills and mental health and were randomly distributed into groups of either prisoners or wardens. The prisoners were given a form to sign that their human rights would be revoked for the duration of the experiment and that they would receive $15 a day for two weeks as payment.
These observations were later explained by Thomas Hunt Morgan. Results of his study might be summarised in following points: • The genes located on one chromosome are inherited together. They are said to be linked and the phenomenon in which genes occur on the same chromosome is called linkage. • The arrangement of the genes on one chromosome is linear
The Biological Bases refer to the hereditary factor that influences the Basic Tendencies. The Objective Biography refers to behaviors, and is considered as the product of the personality system. It is also affected by the Characteristic Adaptations. Both the Objective Biography and External Influence affect each other. The External Influence refers to culture, social trends, coincidence and variables in life situations (McCrae & Costa, 2008).
He critically observes the human behavior and personality. He figures out the authoritative and dominating factors that shape the person 's personality, thinking, cognition and motivational processes. According to Mulhollem,"Bandura simply observing the others and incorporating this concept into his theory". Social cognitive theory is a crust of the psychosocial, cognitive and behavior processing. This theory clearly asserts the humanistic elements such as individuality, contemplative self-awareness and cogitative reaction.
Introduction There has been a lot of debate over the issue of whether human behaviours are determined largely by the situations they are in. Lewin’s formula of B = ƒ(PE), where the B term represents behaviour, ƒ function, P the person’s personality and E environment, shall be taken as the starting point of this essay. He asserted that human behaviour is a function of the person’s personality and the environment (Lewin, 1935, p. 79). Yet, despite his formula which proposes that human behaviour is jointly affected by both the person and the environment, Ross and Nisbett (1991) believe that Lewin’s ideas were primarily about the situation having a great effect on behaviour (p. 9). By expressing human behaviour as a function, Lewin stated that