The majority of land is being dominated by forest and Rocky Mountains but, it no longer scenario due to modernization. The political as well as ongoing public controversial issue as construction of hydro electric dams, tankers , the continuing infringement of indigenous sovereignty and this lead to rethink of ecocriticism. Thus, it takes more pressing need of environmental approaches of Canadian poet. Michael Moore, Partick D. Murphy, Pamela Banting contemporary Canadian literary scholars argues that environment and ecology are prominent
Often, these exclusive economic zones are marked out by governments for use by private enterprises, creating or exacerbating resource distribution inequalities. Aquaculture development now runs the risk of following the same pattern of industrial agricultural development, one that breeds inequitable access especially with regards to small-scale and communal farmers. As Neiland, Soley, Varley and Whitmarsh (2001) asserts, the distribution of resources and other advantages is biased in favor of those who have the necessary experiences for confronting the political bureaucracy of the city, and puts small-scale aqua farmers, whose assets are traditional knowledge of the water and climate, at a relative disadvantage. The sea bass and sea bream industry, for example, is now dominated by a handful or large multinational corporations - eg. Dias, Selonda, Nireus - as they benefit from scale economics and better access to capital (Jullien & Smith, 2015).
Cheryll Glotfelty defines ecocriticism as “the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment”. Ecocriticism poses a call to literature to connect to the environmental emergencies present in today’s 21st century context. In other words, ecocriticism is directly concerned with both nature (natural landscape) and the environment (landscape both natural and urban). Nature can be characterised from an ecocritical point of view “as existing apart from the social and economic structures of everyday life, often in places of wild or scenic beauty, with as little trace of humanity as possible.” (Hess, S, 2009, pp. 91) As a result, society battles to take a fair viewpoint on nature, as our understanding is constructed by existing cultural standards.
1.1 Background In the first stages three stages of U.S. Environmental law, congress passed laws that were not intended to address environmental issues but did affect land, water, minerals, and living resources – and thereby had large effects on the environment. (Keller & Botkin, 2014). The Rio Declaration proclaimed in its first principle that; “Human beings are at the center of concern for sustainable development” and that “[i]n order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it”1. (Glazewski, 2004). “Many laws exist to protect our environment but research into the effectiveness of these laws is rare.
In American History X, the key determinant ideal is the "capacity of oneself to change". That is, our behavior is a result of environmentally deterministic events, and thus we can change our thoughts, our behavior, and our life situation. In doing so, we hold a virtually limitless power to determine the circumstances surrounding our lives and the consequences of those circumstances. No matter the social problems we face. One of the most significant scenes in the movie with respect to environmental determinism is one that is often overlooked.
To illustrate the importance of environmental ethics this essay will discuss anthropocentrism and demonstrate how its manifestation has meant that there are limited constraints placed upon how humans may use the environment (Hens & Susanne, 1998). This will be achieved with reference to case studies in which the short-sighted, selfish nature of humanity has caused potentially irreversible damage to the Earth’s delicate ecosystems. Firstly, attention will be drawn to the problem of overexploiting fishing stocks with particular reference to Pandan Bay in the Philippines and the power of creating
BIODIVERSITY AND NATIONAL WEALTH Biodiversity is invisible hand that supports national economy-the invisible hand refers to the distribution mechanism, cannot be calculated or determined. Thesis : Try to hold your breath if u think environment is less important than economy. Foreword: As we hook to the word biodiversity it prologues the divergence in the living world and moreover it ranges from the basic level to the kingdom level i.e., from single celled organisms (prokaryotes) to multi celled organisms (eukaryotes) and their distribution. Every lifeform including plants accounts to diversity this is related to bio and hence termed as biodiversity .The reason behind this is that environmental changes, it is that survival of the fittest, so organism needs to adapt to the surroundings and hence undergo mutations. As a human in the society what are we willing to pay to
This theory rejects the comprehensiveness of management theory. Chiefs are expected to plan associations, characterize goals and figure arrangements what 's more, plans as indicated by the predominant natural conditions. Administrative policies and arrangements must react to changes in natural conditions. Further, management ought to have adequate abilities to expect and understand ecological changes, and to oblige change. At last, it ought to utilize the contingency demonstrate in outlining the association building up its data and correspondence theory, to embrace successful authority styles and figure out suitable goals, arrangements and practices.
For a better understanding of waves of ecocriticism, I turn to Lawrance Buell. In his article, “The Future of Environmental Criticism” (2005), Lawrence Buell states that “first-wave” ecocriticism emerged as a reaction against the structuralist and poststructuralist movement which was dominant in 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. Structuralism supported that language creates reality, however, first-wave ecocritics believed that there is a natural world beyond the language. That’s why, representations of nature in texts such as Henry David Thoreau’s Walden (1854) and Edward Abbey’s Desert Solitaire (1968) show the importance of natural world which exists beyond the
The finding of the study supports existing argument that Lagos state is losing the quality of environmental goods like water, land and air to pollution arising from industrial activities on daily basis. However, the study recommends that to find a balance between industrialization and environmental sustainability there is upmost need for conservation and rationing of environmental resources which can best be achieved through implementation of friendly environment-corporate policy for industries and manufacturing companies in Lagos State. Keywords: Industrialization, Environment, Pollution, People, Development Word Count: 144 INTRODUCTION Development is imbued with people’s imageries and vision of a better