How Pollution Affects the Ocean and Marine Animals Existence on Earth relies on the resources that the Ocean provides us. The Ocean has an incredibly large impact on our lives, as it makes up two thirds of our planet. In addition, oceans help trees to flourish so people may breathe; create nourishment for people and wildlife; and supply the water people drink. Oceans and their marine animals also help absorb up to 80% of the carbon from atmosphere, and without it we would die from the exposure of the carbons harmful effects on the planet. Unfortunately our oceans are suffering from many types of pollutants that are prominent in our environment.
Well often we don't know what chemicals are we drinking because we can not see them. When we drink water that is contaminated we are affecting our health with this contaminated water. In the article Effects of water pollution by Jared Skye said “The risks of your health being negatively impacted by polluted drinking water..” This quote explains how our health it's affecting each time we drink polluted
The main topics of it are - effects of the percentage of water contaminated, ways it gets contaminated, and what to do in the after-math. I spent many hours of many days to research this topic to find out facts of water pollution, how to prevent it, and what to do in the aftermath. I hope that you will spend some of you own time to find out more info about the issue and if you can help at a pollution clean up site. The easiest thing that you can do to help the cause is to cut down on the pollution you produce. I hope you keep this in mind because according to statistics, by the year 2025 there will be over 2/3 of the world that will not have access to clean
This can lead to the loss of some types of plant and animal life as well as create long-term health problems such as cancer in humans. Damaging Effects to the Land When land pollution is bad enough, it damages the soil. This means that plants may fail to grow there, robbing the eco-system of a food source for animals. Eco-systems may also be upset by pollution when the soil fails to sustain native plants, but can still support other vegetation. Invasive weeds that choke off the remaining sources of native vegetation can spring up in areas that have been weakened by pollution.
In the first place, air pollution could affect the environment notably. Because of the sulfur acid which is produced by human activities, the clouds would gain the acidic material than with the rain fall into the ground. This could adversely affect the nutrients in the soil and pollute the water. Moreover, the rain might damage the buildings or cause disease to human (Eschooltoday, n.d). The other environment problem caused by air pollution is global warming.
Thirdly, the ocean and its inhabitants are greatly affected by marine pollution. Marine pollution is the entrance of hazardous materials into the ocean. The ocean can be polluted a number of ways, including garbage, sewage, and noise. Garbage pollutes the ocean by disturbing marine life and tarnishing the marine environment, it can also damage ships. Sewage pollutes by adding dangerous chemicals to the ocean and depleting oxygen used by the animals.
The long-term exposure to air pollution can cause cancer, and damage to your body systems such as the immune system and endocrine system. A major reason why preventing air pollution is important is because it damages the environment. Toxic air pollutants has the ability to form acid rain that can destroy trees, plants, soils and make bodies of water harmful to humans and animals that depend on water to survive. These effects are dangerously threating to humans as society relies on soil to grow food and water to use and drink. As more air pollutions are pumped into the sky, the Earth’s atmosphere trapping heat from air pollutions, this is known as global warming.
This water is not returned properly back to these systems through any solid mechanism. The flow of our many precious and pristine rivers has been reduced or seasonally altered over the years resulting in changing the size and frequency of floods, the length and severity of droughts and adversely affecting these ecosystems. Modifications to flows in our water body systems for flood protection, hydropower production or irrigation may have significant positive development impacts but it also badly affects those who live in the floodplains and wetlands watered by floods. It also affects groundwater dependent ecosystems, which are replenished through river seepage. So altering the natural flow pattern by damming, diverting or channelling water takes a serious toll on the plants and animals that depend on it.
There is a decline in the invertebrate population over a few kilometres which is an indicator of the impacts of the urban settlements. Only the stronger and toughest invertebrates live towards the lower regions of the river due to the magnitude of the pollution especially in the form of the organic matter. There is a good amount of fish in the area as the fish which are indigenous to the river are resistant to the pollution as it is a common occurrence. Sewers discharge their contents into the river which pollutes the river. This is due to urbanisation and a high population density.
As two third of the earth is covered in water, if one placed gets polluted there is a way that the whole water in the planet can be polluted. 70% of earth is covered in water. Water is a very important resources for every living lives. Water pollution cause danger in the aquatic life and to humans and it leads to extinction of aquatic life that affects the food chain. If there is effect on one place of food chain, the whole chain will break and cause danger to people and animals.