Plastic Bags: The Enemy of the Environment Plastic is a commodity that people use everyday which makes daily life easier and safer. People take pills, use cell phones, and wear bike helmets in addition to a plethora of other activities, but tend to forget that one common element in all of them is the use of plastic. One of the main sources of plastic that has been polluting the environment over the last few decades are plastic bags. Plastic bags can be found in nearly every store to hold groceries, accessories, or toys. While plastic bags may provide convenience for customers, there is an overwhelming concern about the effect of them on the health and safety of people, marine life, and the surrounding environment.
This means that when taken during pregnancy, it can lead to birth defaults in children. Gleick (2010) notes that the exposure of this chemical in high doses is related to low birth weight of babies while at the same time noting that BPA has more harmful effects on girls than boys regarding low birth weight. In other
The U.S. should ban plastic bags because they cause litter, they cost too much, and they can damage to marine life and livestock. To begin, one way plastic bags should be banned is because they cause too much litter. For example, the International Coastal Cleanup in California has collected 7,825,319 plastic bags during the past twenty-five years (1). This shows how many bags people waste on an everyday use and how they can end up being harmful. Another reason is, in Fort Worth, Texas 12% of their weight in litter comes from single use bags (2).
Plastics are organic polymers with high molecular mass and they contain substances such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine and sulfur and they are mostly derived from petrochemicals. Due to their low cost of production, they are used in an enormous range of products. For example, America manufactures 30 billion plastic bottles each year.  Prominence to produce more plastics is associated with plastics being consumed in high levels. However, it is not easy to degrade in the nature that plastic pollution can fill the lands and hugely affects the oceans and everybody is affected by that pollutant in some way.
Then are found in bodies of water, and kill many. And make unpleasant scenery. On an average there are 60,000 plastic bags used every five seconds(Lights, 2012, april 30, that is approximately 430,000 barrels of oil in one year. Worldwide there is about 500 billion plastic bags used every year( Konie, 2016), that 's about 21,070,000 dollars in one year (Lights, 2012, April 30). The cost it takes to recycle plastic bags is more than making plastic bags itself, so therefore it would not pay to recycle plastic bags.
Furthermore, air pollution in both developed and developing countries has an increased effect on IMR. Newborns who born in such an environment have a great risk to die during their first year from respiratory disease since they are vulnerable creatures. Another social aspect that has an effect on IMR is the educational level of the mother. The mother literacy is related to the age of the first pregnancy. The lower the mom is being educated, the higher the probability of getting pregnant at an earlier age.
Electricity from the heat can be produced so in effect the plastic is recycled and the resources may be used efficiently. Dioxins and related compounds are extremely toxic substances, producing effects in human beings. Plastic waste burning is a major source of dioxins. Health care institutions should implement policies to reduce the use of PVC plastics, thus achieving major reduction in medically related dioxin formation. CHAPTER 8 LIMITATIONS 8.1 Limitations of Plastics Recycling: Plastics are much more complicated to recycle than other materials like paper, metal, and glass, in large part because of the many thousands of different types of plastics on the market.
Humans frequently just dispose of plastic wherever they want to, which has abysmal effects on the environment. Plastic is non-biodegradable, which means it does not break down naturally in the environment. “Of the 8.3 billion metric tons that has been produced, 6.3 billion metric tons has become plastic waste. Of that, only nine percent has been recycled.” The ninety-one percent of plastic that goes to landfills stays around for five centuries, slowly decomposing and deteriorating the Earth. Carbonizing, or burning, plastic is no better; this act releases harmful components into the air.
The use of drugs such as cocaine and marijuana increase levels of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in the blood and as a result reduce oxygen supply to the foetus. Abusing these substances can cause placental abruption, foetal death and the child may also be born dependent on these substances and thus exhibit withdrawal symptoms. Defects of the genitals, kidneys and brain are also are also likely to occur. Furthermore, the child may have learning difficulties as well as behavioural problems as they get older (American Pregnancy Association). The consumption of alcohol, like most other teratogens, during pregnancy has could result in the foetus being born with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome( FAS) and may be subject to mental retardation, learning disabilities, attention deficits, hyperactivity as well as problems with impulse control, language, memory and social skills (Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure at school age.