Environmental Ethics: Land Ethics And The Environment

1668 Words7 Pages
Human population’s relation with environment has been a topic for ethical discussions during the 20th century and has still been a vital subject. Land ethics and deep ecology are two of the most influential approaches to environmental ethics. Although these two somehow similar views both offer constructive ideas, they are both too idealistic and do not take economics into account which makes them both not comprehensive enough to stop the destruction of nature. In this paper, firstly I will talk about land ethics and its comparison with deep ecology. Then, the comparison will focus on the idealism of these approaches. Finally, the thoughts on the importance of economics in these frameworks will be discussed in terms of their success against the destruction of nature. “Land ethics” is an ethical framework build by Leopold in 1949 which takes ethics from human-centrism to a more holistic approach. To start with the notion of ethic in ecologic sense, Leopold suggests that “an ethic ecologically is a limitation on freedom of action, in the struggle for existence.” Land ethics, actually tries to change the role of homo sapiens from conquerors to be a member of the biotic community. By the term biotic community, Leopold tries to enlarge the boundaries of the organic community by including soils, plants, waters, respective to the land itself. Members of the community should respect other members and also respect the community in the same way. In practice, there is no evidence
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