Institutional barriers includes polices, guidelines, and systemic processes at governmental level or the loopholes in the coordination of various institutions striving for provision of better environment. Today the world is focusing on achieving UN Sustainable Developmental Goals (SDGs) of 2030 Agenda for ‘Transforming Our World.’ These goals include ecofriendly environmental conditions supporting sustainable cities and communities. Sustainable urbanism seeks to alleviate the detrimental environmental consequences of conventional residential sprawl; yet there is a perception among experts that in practice many developments fall short of these ideals. Sustainable urbanism is critiqued as conventional suburbia capitalizing on sustainability rhetoric
It was shown that a city would play some sort of part of an economic, social and political whole and would help create a favourable living condition for individuals or the community. The Charter of Athens had many key principles which influences urbanism hugely in multiple countries around the world. It was seen that the original Charter of Athens considered cities as being in a state of chaos because of ‘the uncontrolled and disorderly development of the Machine Age’ (Sert 1944: 246), which stems from an increasing number of urban problems due to an overgrowth of population and the disorderly use of
Calvino's imagined city of Octavia stands as an excellent allegory of contemporary cities in view of their dependence on critical infrastructure systems. Especially, though Octavia provides us with an entry point to consider urban infrastructures in relation to disorder. In this article, I consider disorder to be an important aspect of urban infrastructures. The notion of disorder has predominately been defined in relation to its opposite, which at the same time serves as its correlative, that is order. Disorder has been conceptualised in urban studies as a way to challenge the idea of urban order, homogeneity and control.
Throughout the history of urban development, the government has had a major impact on the design of urban areas. All of these influences can have both positive and negative effects on the population. Whether it be the government or the real estate market, the development of urban areas has had a major impact on the makeup of the entire country. One of the most important affects urban development is its’ effect on the people living in
Madanipour, (1996) talked about ambiguities of understanding urban design and the complexities of perceiving urban spaces. One of the most important features of urban space is to make sense of a city life when walking along any of its streets, to think about the complexity of what is seen , and to wonder about what lies behind buildings facades or beyond the bend of the street. The urban space is full of overlapping and intertwined stories that this collection of people, objects and events offers. There is a continuous change in the urban scene because of constant transformation of landscape, or cityscape around, a mutation that has come to associate with livelihood without movement and change. Understanding the urban space and processes
However, as urbanization is of great complexity, affecting the urban structure at multiple spatial and temporal scales, the effects of policies and urban plans regularly have unforeseen consequence (Batty, 2014). Controlling the city, its effects, problems and inhabitants was not that straightforward. At the end of the 1940s the digital computer appeared, which allowed rapid and large-scale numerical processing. This new technology enabled researchers to operationalize their mathematical theories on spatial systems via urban modeling in an attempt to unravel the urban complexity (Hall, 1996). Consequently, this led to a diverse array of quantitative simulation models that attempted to explore urban growth patterns.
ABSTRACT Care for the environment has gradually become monumental responsibility among countries of the world. This goal is of utmost significance for achieving ‘sustainable consumption’, ‘sustainable communities’ ‘sustainable future’, and ‘sustainable world’. Thus, this study presents a sociological analysis of the impacts of environmental pollution with the motive to provide practical information on the rising neighborhood risks affecting sustainable development in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. Also, to empirically showcase the culture of coping with pollution that is absent in contemporary study. The study adopts descriptive survey design in which questionnaire and in-depth interviews are methods used for data collection while data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics and content analysis.
The mankind started its journey from the temporary settlements of Paleolithic age, natural settlements of Pre-Neolithic age and then the planned settlements of 5 preliminary civilizations, especially the urban planning of Sindhu (Indus) valley civilization. Then our history bears the dark period in the planning of our cities till the renaissance period but the real renaissance of urban planning was witnessed in the 20th century. The mass urbanization, followed by industrialization and mass rural-urban movement and increased freedom and reformist struggles, increased the need for proper planning of cities and enforced the need to provide utilities and services to all. So, now we planners are facing problems of mass urbanization and population
1. Introduction The use of cultural activities, goods and services to enhance a city’s image, attract tourism, and promote economic development has be-come a prevailing trend not only in the renowned traditional cultural capitals of the world, but also in places not as well-known for their cultural backgrounds, such as Bilbao, Spain. Many cities have pur-sued the building of museums, cultural destinations, performing arts centers, galleries, and cultural districts, as part of wider urban devel-opment and revitalization strategies. The prevalence of cultural activ-ities in recent urban development programs makes it imperative for planners and policy makers to understand how they contribute to lo-cal economic development. On the other hand,
4. Implications for urban tourism research We argue here that any analysis of urban tourism needs to explain and understand the dynamics of urban change and evolution arising from the implications of new theoretical insights in urban studies. Whilst a few examples exist that begin to frame explanations of urban change associated with globalization, a more spatial and theoretical