National Environmental Compliance Enforcement Report

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1.1 Background In the first stages three stages of U.S. Environmental law, congress passed laws that were not intended to address environmental issues but did affect land, water, minerals, and living resources – and thereby had large effects on the environment. (Keller & Botkin, 2014). The Rio Declaration proclaimed in its first principle that; “Human beings are at the center of concern for sustainable development” and that “[i]n order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it”1. (Glazewski, 2004). “Many laws exist to protect our environment but research into the effectiveness of these laws is rare. The complexity of the…show more content…
The evidence show that offenders/violators repeat or remain in noncompliance state, despite enforcement action on them. • For environmental law to be more effective, officials have to be empowered through appropriate skill and training
1.4 Aims • To evaluate the effectiveness of environmental law in South Africa • Promote administrative penalties to South African environmental law, and also put in place criminal sanctions to environmental violators
1.5 Definition of OER (Open Educational Resources) “OER Africa is a ground-breaking initiative established by the South African Institute for Distance Education (Saide). We play a leading role in supporting higher education institutions across Africa in the development and use of Open Educational Resources (OER) to enhance teaching and learning”.22
“Open educational resources (OER) are freely accessible, openly licensed text, media, and other digital assets that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes. It is the leading trend in distance education/open and distance learning domain as a consequence of the openness
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This will help understand the use of administrative penalties in two jurisdictions forming South Africa‟s legal system.
Chapter 4 This chapter will highlight effectiveness of administrative penalties in South Africa‟s environmental compliance and enforcement regime. Evaluation of the Section 24G administrative fine and the amendments made to it on 18 December 2013 by National Environmental Management Laws Second (Amendment Act)25.
Chapter 5 Conclusion South Africa‟s environmental resources are degrading even though the constitution has guaranteed us with environmental right, and laws aimed to protect our environment.26The introduction of criminal punishment is aided to enforce the environmental laws but still not much done reason being insufficient investigations and enforcement of environmental violators.27 The environmental offenders repeat to damage the environment although they get fined. This shows clearly that the violators do not recognize environmental

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