Environmental Problems Of Sustainable Development

1514 Words7 Pages
Introduction The environmental issues became well known during the year 1960s and 1970s as resource depletion, population growth and pollution were increasing rapidly. Environmental issues can be defined as the problems that human beings create through the earth resource such as polluting air, water, and soil, etc. (Bartlett 2006:15). The concept of sustainable development came into being effective after such problems mentioned above occurred. Sustainable development is about rectifying the damage that human beings have caused by changing the state of the environment. According to Brundtland report (1987:41), “Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own”. This essay will focus much attention to the environmental problems faced by the African continent as well as the factors (causes) that drive the environmental changes, how these problems affect sustainability and apply strategies to mitigate the issues pertaining the environment. Environmental Problems faced by African countries: The causes and impacts Population Growth African countries are faced with many problems regarding the environment. One of the prevailing factor is that one of increasing population which is still the well-known problem in Africa. For example, according to Biodiversity Support Program (1993:11), in 1950 population of Africa from 233
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