INTRODUCTION Today, there is a demand among consumers for food products that promote human health and well-being. The food scientists are, therefore, attempting to fortify foods with health-promoting ingredients. Incorporation of bioactive compounds– for example, vitamins, probiotics, bioactive peptides, and cell reinforcements etc.– into food system give a straightforward approach to create novel functional foods that may have physiological advantages or lessen the dangers of diseases. Some of these are essential for human wellbeing (vitamins and minerals), whereas others provide health benefits beyond the basic nutrition (nutraceuticals). The incorporation of these bioactive into the food products simply in their pure form is hardly possible due to various physicochemical and biological constrains (McClements,
Genetically modified crops are the leading agricultural food products not only in the Philippines but, mostly worldwide. It is now known that there are several mechanisms for DNA transfer. Genetically modified food are plants that have been generated in a laboratory by altering and changing their genetic makeup and have been tested in the laboratory for aimed qualities .This is usually done by adding one or more gene(s) in a plant’s genome using genetic engineering techniques. Plants are modified for insect, fungal, viral or herbicide resistance, for changed nutritional content, improved taste, and also for improved storage life. Genetically modified organisms is an organism which genetic materials had been altered using different genetic engineering techniques.
One may ask how this is possible. To answer that, the University of California in San Diego ,taken from livestrong.com ,explains how crops are made insect resistant; this is achieved by adding a toxic bacterium to the genetic makeup of the crop. Being that the case, this does not, in any way, put the health of humans in any danger. GMOs are also environmentally friendly. This happens in a sense that they, GMOs, help in reducing environmental pollution and soil erosion.
These organizations have acted rapidly to update and modernize their legislation by defining international standards and recommending the adoption of international code of conduct to govern the food industry. At the same time governments have enforced global legislation by strengthening national food laws and regulations such as food inspections, requirements of labeling and certification of products of animal and plant origin (WHO, 2015). National enforcements have also required food manufacturers to ensure the safety and quality of products that include modifications derived from biotechnology. Traceability of food products has also been necessary to provide identification and control in order to reduce the spread of diseases. Labor and human rights issues in the food industry have received much attention, as several corporations have been exposed of having poor labor conditions relative to health and safety.
This essay will examine the benefits and drawbacks of genetically modified foods, emphasizing on public health, farmers’ production cost and the environmental impacts. To compare with the traditional edibles, GM foods are the food with better quality. Owing to the advanced technology, some useful features of a comestible can be transmitted through modifying genes. This means that nutrients are not restricted to the initial amount. Humans are possible to obtain a combination of essential nourishment which natural foods do not have (Barak, S., Mudgil, D., & Khatkar, B.S., 2010).
Lastly, the crops would be able to yield enough to support a large amount of people considering that Earth is starting to becoming overly populated. In conclusion, GMO foods are very dangerous. They should stop making GMOs so that we may live a longer healthier life. Getting rid of GMO food would also lower the rate of birth defects across the globe because it is to dangerous for a pregnant woman to eat GMO food without, in some way, harming the child. Scientists should discover a new way to make food more nutritious and last longer.
As the research of mine surrounds the nutritional impact of vegetarian foods, this article is likely to add value to my research in terms of nutritional importance, intake habits and healthy eating methodologies. It is also found to control the health concerns and manage diet to a better extent and I shall list methodologies adopted to achieve the
Along with good health comes disadvantages of buying organics. It takes more land to product the same number of crops, and it takes more of the farmers time, not to mention the cost of producing organics. Without preservatives more food goes to waste, thus decreasing supply and increasing
Increasing population around the world form a major crisis due to lack of availability of food to provide the need of food for increasing number of people especially in poor communities, so the food is provided by genetic engineering ,the problem has fixed by providing the needs of food in poor countries in terms of increased in the production in the developed countries so the extent of their production are giving to the poor countries and this large production of crops because of the availability of new technologies Special to increase production and improve the quality and nutritional value, and disease and pest control and improved genetic traits for crop varieties. According to Parrlberg.R(2001) there are many advantages of modified crops ,such as increasing the nutritional value of the food by adding some vitamins such as adding vitamin A to the gold rice .Another example of genetically modified crops is Corn which is genetically modified to resist various herbicides and to express a protein from bacillus that kills certain insects. Another advantages is that it increase the shelf life for the crops for example tomatoes and apple crops .one of the most important advantage modified crops is that plant can beer
These bacteria found from fermented dairy products are subject to their survival during production and storage. The use of probiotic bacteria is increasing in food and pharmaceutical applications. The disturbed intestinal microflora and other dysfunction of the human G.I tract can be balanced by probiotics use. Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp. have found to be beneficial probiotic organisms that provide outstanding therapeutic benefits.