It’s not my nature to shrink from battle, cringe in fear with the fighting spirit still steady in my chest” (6.279-82). Thersites breaks the martial code when he suggests that he and his fellow soldiers sail home and leave the war behind them. Odysseus reacts not only to the man’s irreverence, but also to his gutlessness. The martial code is important to not only the Achaens, but to the Trojans as well. Aeneas, captain of the Trojans tells one of his soldiers in battler “[n]o talk of turning for home!
make the rest of the trojans sit down by me, and all the achaians, and yourself call forth one of the achaians, their bravest, to fight man to man against you in bitter combat. Since it is not your destiny yet to die and encounter fate. for thus I heard it in the speech of the gods everlasting." Yet when Hectors fate finally comes it is utterly grim. Hector's end is so tragic because he holds so much shame because of his brash decision for the Trojans to stay outside their walls the previous night.
Odysseus is the protagonist of the epic poem by Homer, The Odyssey, known as the great epic hero, but how exactly do we know that Odysseus is an epic hero? One reason I believe that Odysseus is indeed an epic hero is that there were gods that were on Odysseus’ side and helping him on his way. Additionally, Odysseus experienced many exceptional adventures and hardship from his journey. Lastly, something epic heroes have that Odysseus shares in common is that he has beneficial characteristics such as confidence, courage, loyalty, and intelligence. These all help state the fact that Odysseus in The Odyssey is an epic hero.
This is what drove him to become courageous and fight in the war, abandoning his other potential fate, where he could have lived a long happy life. WHEN DOES ACHILLES CHOOSE TO FIGHT IN WAR? EXTRACT Q AROUND LINE 64 Achilles also joins the Trojan war again to avenge his best friend, Patroclus. Instead of feeling dutiful like Hector, Achilles was driven by grief and madness when he made this choice. What drives Achilles to fight is more personal.
However, they did have one thing in common, compassion and they put things aside for what was right. Beowulf is high above Achilles on the heroic scale with his determination and his brave feats. During the beginning of The Iliad, it was told that Achilles had a confrontation with the general of the Greek army and refused to go into battle so he gave his best friend, Patroclus, his armor and they went to war without him. It states in the summary of the story, “While the Greeks are laying siege to Troy, a quarrel breaks out between Agamemnon and his greatest warrior, Achilles. As a result, the angry Achilles decides to remain in his tent and let the Greeks fight without him” (Homer).
Throughout the Iliad Achilles occasionally called upon his mother for advice and consultation, Thetis often referred back to Achilles’ fate of dying young, telling him not to fill his life full of concern and sorrow. Fate is predetermined by the gods, meaning that the individual does not know when they will come face to face with their death. Therefore the act of knowing ones fate and continuing to walk out on to the battle field shows a great deal of honor and grid. Achilles knowing that he is fated to die young continued to stand by his men on the field of battle waiting for the day for fate to strike him down. In the Iliad Hector’s fate is depicted when Zeus weighs out his and Achilles’ doom on his golden
Achilles was a fierce warrior and the son of Thetis. Achilles was a very respectable warrior but he didn’t like fighting for anyone but himself. When Helen was taken from Agamemnon required Achilles to fight but he just stayed at the boats. Patroclus, Achilles cousin, came to Achilles and asked if he could use Achilles armor in war to scare the Trojans. This ended badly because hector realized it wasn’t Achilles and killed Patroclus.
The abuse of power, leads to a fight with his enemy, Enkidu, created to take down Gilgamesh for oppressing the people. In addition to the rivalries develop a friendship (p. 69). The friendship teaches Gilgamesh compassion, something he lacked toward the people before bonding with Enkidu. In love for the first time, Gilgamesh takes Enkidu’s advice in war, the two become inseparable. Gilgamesh remains by his friend’s side until he dies.
Many characteristics can be applied to Odysseus in the book the (Odyssey, Homer), but a few really stand out. In fact, Odysseus can be considered an epic hero in the Odyssey, as evidenced by his actions, his faults, and his loyalty. An epic hero is brave, adventurous, a leader, and loyal. Most epic hero’s have faults as well. These characteristics closely follow Odysseus’s own.
Depiction of a hero in the Iliad differs from Troy. Achilles can be considered the hero of both the Iliad and Troy, but there are differences in his portrayal (some of them were discussed above). Due to the change in cultural expectations of a true hero over the years, Hector is more convincing than Achilles as the hero of Troy. During Classical times, a hero was usually born or conceived in unusual circumstances, faced opposition from the very beginning and undertook a series of extremely difficult tasks. Generally, a hero had a special weapon or clothing, earned fame for his quests and died in an unusual way.