Hegel wanted to create a philosophy which would allow the whole universe to be perceived and interpreted through the phenomenon of self-consciousness, Hegel held that the Absolute Spirit, i.e. the consciousness that is aware of itself, can be expressed through art, religion, and philosophy with a greater or lesser degree of perfection. Furthermore, each of these categories of the Absolute have their subordinated a priori forms that are displayed in the dialectical formation of the thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. Within the philosophy of the absolute spirit tragedy represents the pinnacle of artistic self-consciousness because the totality of reality manifests itself most adequately in
Neither soft nor hard determinism is flawless or perfect, but I believe hard determinism is the better option of the two. Those who critic soft determinism often focus on their definition of free will. Hard determinists may agree that the soft determinists are affiliated with determinism somehow, by showing something. They just don’t identify what either is, or may be. Incompatibilists are very adamant that what soft determinists are not affiliated with is free will.
The Ontological Argument argues that because God is perfect and unlimited, he must exist, even in nonbelievers; existing is a quality of perfection. The problem of evil is significant because most people base their morality and values on whether or not they
Determining what is real will be answered in this essay on the basis of examining it from a materialistic, idealistic, and dualistic view of reality. In Brooke Noel Moore and Kenneth Bruder’s book Philosophy: The Power of Ideas (2014) they define the idea of dualist reality as what exists is either physical or nonphysical “spiritual” manifestations. Additionally, they also provide the idea materialistic reality is known as physicalism, a view in which all is physical, even mental “spiritual” things are manifestations of physical reality. Idealistic reality or idealism is defined as a view that mental “spiritual” things exist and they are manifestations of the mind and thought (Moore & Bruder , p. 940). Given the three common concepts, each
Argument in Support of Quine’s Holism In “Two-Dogmas of Empiricism,” W.V. Quine argues that the analytic and synthetic distinction in Epistemology is false. He presents the view that beliefs do not exist independently of each other; instead, our beliefs form an interconnected web. In Quine’s view, all beliefs within this web of knowledge are revisable if we make sufficient changes in other parts of the system.
We Are All Born Equal and Free. We are altogether born free. We as a whole have our own considerations and thoughts. We ought to all be dealt with similarly. 2.
All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality" ("Letter"). The first sentence is an appeal to 'higher law'; King claims if a law devalues someone, it is contrary to natural and eternal law, so the law cannot be just. Then, Martin Luther King Jr. argues that because
However, humans desire to physically do certain activities rather than simply having the experience of doing them. 3. Therefore, the theory of hedonism is inaccurate. Nozick’s argument against the theory of hedonism is flawed because humans are able to gain as much pleasure in reality as from the experience machine.
Psychological egoism is the view that, as a matter of fact, there is only one thing that can motivate you to act as a human being: namely, what you perceive to increase your well-being. While ethical egoism makes a different kind of a claim. On this view it is morally right for you to pursue your own well-being, and morally wrong for you not to do so. It is therefore morally wrong for you to promote the well-being of others if this diminishes your own well-being. “Ought implies can” principle is the idea that can be morally required to act in some way only if you can act in that way.
The next step is to separate sensibility from any sensations. By separating these two components the end product will be nothing more than our “pure intuition and the mere form of appearances, which is all that sensibility can supply a priori.” After this procedure the two forms that arrive are space and time which are principles for a priori cognition. The two forms of a priori cognition- space and time- are also two forms of the transcendental aesthetic. Kant recognizes the transcendental aesthetic to be the main basis of knowledge, because both time and space are needed for human beings to have sensibility. “All actuality of appearances is possible only in time” If time did not exist, neither would our appearances, for in order for a human to experience an object they must exist and, to exist one must be in time.
Supporting a non-reductive physicalism: Anomalous monism According to Davidson “Anomalous monism resembles materialism in its claim that all events are physical, but rejects the thesis, usually considered essential to materialism, that mental phenomena can be given purely physical explanations” (Davidson, 1970/2002, p. 119) In other words, only the physical may be described by causal laws, but if a physical event is described as a mental event there is no causal law, and there are no psychophysical laws that connect the mental with the physical . Davidson, may defend a view of identity theory, but it is clear that it is not possible to reduce the mental states to a physical explanation. In Davidson’s words: Suppose m, a mental event, caused p, a physical event; then, under some description m and p instantiate a strict law.
In Pierre Simon Laplace’s essay, A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities he says, “We may regard the present state of the universe as the effect of its past and the cause of its future. An intellect which at a certain moment would know all forces that set nature in motion, and all positions of all items of which nature is composed, if this intellect were also vast enough to
Plato discussed a two layer view of what he perceived as reality; the world of becoming and the world of being. The world of becoming is the physical world we perceive through our senses. In the physical world there is always change. The world of being is the world of forms, or ideas. It is absolute, independent, and transcendent.
What if you live in a world where your life actions are created in advance by one superhuman being? Predestination is a concept viewed upon particular religious, expressed as the notion as every event in your life is ordained and predetermined by God. It is often mentioned in the Islamic and Western Religious views, where both have formed their own judgements regarding how predestination essentially works in sharing multiple similarities and differences. In brief, the Islamic conception of predestination offers two perspectives coming from the Mu’tazilites and Ash’arites, both sharing the idea of control over freedom. The Western religious view on the other hand claims that God gave human beings free will to determine their own paths in life.