Whether it is a little or a lot, everyone experiences stress at some point. Stress does not always have a negative effect, most of the time the effects can be positive. On the other hand stress is associated with the development of most major mental health problems such as depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and pathological aging (Marin, 2011). It has also been linked to all leading physical causes of death such as heart disease, cancer and stroke (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, & Miller, 2007). There are many careers that are very stressful and one which regularly tops the list of most stressful careers is being an enlisted service member. Stress management programs are crucial in helping Soldiers cope with stress because of the long term measure they are experiencing. Frequent and long deployments, immediate danger and fast paced, high workload environments all contribute to the high rate of suicides among service members.
When stress becomes so prevalent in the body, it exposes the body to dangers that could ultimately lead to serious health issues or even death. Stress is something everyone has experienced before, probably everyday of their lives. It can come from the smallest things or it can occur on a larger scale. The larger scale stress can cause multiple dangers to the body, like a stroke or heart attack. These issues could come out of nowhere or they could have been developing for a long time. Scientists do not know how stress, something that seems so miniscule, can put one in a life or death situation. Stress and tension can ultimately affect one’s physical and mental health over time based on examples from Jekyll and Hyde, multiple experiments, and
A tumor in the brain is a mass of some abnormal cells. This mass can be malignant or benign. Malignant tumors are cancerous and benign tumors are non-cancerous. Primary brain tumors originate in the brain; these form in the brain tissues. Secondary brain tumors originate in other parts of the body and spread to the brain. Usually malignant tumors become secondary tumors which form when cancer spreads from other parts of the body.
Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease where an individual’s own white blood cells attack their own body, specifically their moisture-secreting glands. The cause of Sjogren’s is unknown, but an abnormal immune response occurs where the body’s white blood cells mistakenly attack exocrine glands. Many areas of the body can be affected by this chronic disease. Some of the first noticeable symptoms are dry mouth (xerostomia) due to salivary glands being attacked and dry eyes (xerophthalmia) due to lacrimal glands being attacked. With time, other areas of the body can also be affected such as the joint, kidneys, liver, lungs, skin, and nerves. Although Sjogren’s can occur at any age, it is more common to be diagnosed after 40 years old when symptoms are more noticeable. The dryness that occurs with Sjogren’s may make it
As I watched the “Worried Sick” video, I found many pieces of the research to be really interesting. By taking blood samples and testing it for the stress hormones, I think the scientists were able to get a great sense of what the different animals and people were truly feeling; all of the data collected was very reliable. As a whole, three concepts stuck out to me including the study conducted about the primate vs. the antelope, the effects stress has on the body, and the high impact of personalities on dealing with stress.
Touring the Tulsa Cancer Institute treatment floor I saw a variety of cancers, they include; lung, bladder, and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. The type of cancer I primarily focused on was Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. I was not present when the nurse first assessed the patient, but whenever he had a new medication to hang the nurse would always make sure that the medication matched the name on his ID bracelet and his MAR. My patient has Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and his primary treatment is chemotherapy. Before determining what type of chemotherapy my patient would receive he had to go through a variety of testing. These tests include blood work, an x-ray, a PET scan, his height/weight (dose is determined off of this), pulmonary evaluation, ECG, evaluation of your liver, and
disorders, major depression, chronic anxiety, and cognitive impairment (Galla, O’Reilly, Kitil, Smalley, & Black, 2014, p. 1). All of these health problems can be avoided if people took time for themselves and learned methods to decrease their stress levels such as exercise, meditation, and prayer etc.
Hemangioma is a common type of. It is a tumor-like birthmark of cells called endothelial cells. You can get hemangioma anywhere in your body. Most appear during the first weeks of life, and then grows rapidly for 6-12 months. They start to shrink which may take 7 years. Tumor regression is complete in 50% of children by age five and 70% by age seven. By the time a child is ten or twelve the tumor is always complex. Some fat tissue or thin skin may remain. Hemangioma isn’t like a disease, it’s just kind of like a rare infection. Hemangioma is not hereditary, but 10% of infants have a family history of these birthmarks. No known food, drug, or activity can cause Hemangioma. Hemangioma is a collection of extra blood vessels in the skin.
The aim of this study was to assess the distress and coping of patients with selected cancers undergoing radiation therapy. A descriptive design was used in this study .The investigator used the distress thermometer to assess the distress and the Jalowiec coping scale to assess the coping of patients with selected cancers undergoing radiation therapy. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics
Effective coping should reduce the encumbrance of challenges of both short-term and longer-term immediate stress. Approaches to positive coping strategies generally take two forms. The first focus on external environment, physical health, or health behaviours whereas the second ways focus on psychological factors. Typically these cognitive factors are the expectations, attitudes, or beliefs that people use to make the interpretation of life occasions and give them meaning. Coping responses can be divided into three different dimensions or categories which are coping styles, coping resources and coping strategies. Coping styles are the basic and fundamental approaches we use to cope with challenges. A large variety of specific coping styles can be grouped into three subtypes. First, those in which a person take the attempts to change the negative emotions. Second, those in which a person attempts to change the situation where caused the stress and the last are those that just seek to avoid the problem. These are respectively called emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, and avoidance. Problem-focused coping aims the causes of stress in realistic strategies which settles the problem or stressful situation that is causing stress, consequently directed to reduce the stress (McLeod, Stress Management,
In the 1800’s, a cancer diagnosis was viewed as the equivalent of death (Holland, 2002). In this day and age, there was no known cause or cure, and it was considered inhumane to reveal the diagnosis to the patient. In a constantly changing and advancing society, this ideology was transformed as the result of an accumulation of technological advances, education, and research initiative. This led to the acceptance of the notion of cancer worldwide. As cancer continued to become more prevalent, health care providers and researchers were forced to further investigate the biology, development, and treatment of cancer. The interaction of cancer outside the realm of molecular and cellular biology became apparent in the mid 1900’s and has since found importance in the fields of psychology, neuropsychology, and psychosocial oncology (Holland, 2002).
Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are rare in the oral cavity, especially in the tongue. There is ambiguity with respect to the classification and treatment modality of these tumors. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases regarding to the NECs in tongue have been reported in English literature. We present a case of Neuroendocrine tumor of the tongue and the related literature was reviewed with the purpose of providing certain reference for the diagnosis and treatment of such rare entities.
Stress is an essential mediator of human behaviour. Immediate physiological response to any type of stressor facilitates survival of the species at its maximum. Despite of normal homeostatic regulatory mechanism, the stress responses can become maladaptive. Chronic stress, for example immobilization, exposure to noise, irradiations, psychological stress can leads to a host of adverse health consequences, including cardiovascular diseases, neurodegeneration, obesity, depression and early ageing (McEwen et al, 2004). Acute stress or single exposure to stressor of minutes to hours will be not produce any ill effect as body have protective and adaptive effects managed by hormones and other physiological agents. However re-exposure has proven to be more enigmatic or difficult to reverse. Conrad et al (1999) stated that severe or prolonged exposure to stressors is harmful, brief or moderate stressors actually enhance neural function. Various behavioral studies focusing on the memory functions of the hippocampus have demonstrated that moderate stress enhances memory performance but severe stress causes adaptive plasticity and impairs memory. Prolonged stress produces interaction between local neurotransmitters and hormones leading to structural and functional damage causing suppression of neurogenesis. The main mechanism is, as hippocampus is intensity sensitive to stress and the stress hormone glucocorticoids (GCs) (Bruce et al
Self-Regulatory Model (SRM) [1-4] is a cognitive-affective model that highlights the existence of the emotional component as well as the cognitive component; both of these components alter the perception of disease threat and influence each other. This model emphasizes the active role of the patient and his / her concrete action towards the change of behavior, which will allow effective interventions. According to the Self-Regulation Model, there is a simultaneity ratio between the cognitive and the emotional processing of the disease threat .