Individual freedom is the core of liberalism, while social equality is the core of communism. Although these forces seem incompatible, individual freedom and social equality are equally important, and a government should not promote one of them and suppress the other. In fact, they can be balanced in a liberal democratic system, due to the flexibility of this system, which allows changes. Liberal democracies were born mainly for two reasons: limiting the arbitrary power of a state and protecting the individual freedoms of every citizen with a judicial system. Thus, the main aim of a liberal democratic regime is to promote freedom.
Therefore, individual liberties, rule of law, as well as an active and legally secured public sphere are important elements that can guarantee the principle of freedom. Furthermore, freedom seems possible only where all citizens without exception have equally guaranteed political rights by the government. This leads us to the second principle of democracy, which is equality, or particularly called as political
In achieving this goal, a representative government which upholds liberty is necessary. (Gingell, Little and Winch 225-228) Classical liberalism had a profound impact on the politic throughout the centuries. It inspired the creation of unified, independent, constitutional states which based on representative principles and the rule of law. In After the Glorious Revolution, under influence of the Whigs, who was the precursor of today 's Liberal Party, precepts of classical liberalism had long governed England. In France, liberal goals were achieved in 1871 by the Third Republic.
INTRODUCTION WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? The word ‘Democracy’ combines the elements ‘Demos’ which means ‘People’ and ‘Kratos’ meaning ‘Force or power’. It is defined a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections (Merriam Webster Online Dictionary, 2014). Democracy is based on the ideals of equality, freedom and welfare for citizens. It abolishes all forms of restriction and privilege.
(pg 9) This government would ensure that one’s freedom could not impinge upon that of another’s. By using reason to secures freedoms, Locke is essentially saying look inward to yourself, using your own reason as a citizen to give the authority to the government, seen in “Men being, as has been said, by nature, all free, equal, and independent, no one can be put out of this estate, and subjected to the political power of another, without his own consent.” This gave a new power to the freedom individual, stressing not only that we are free to
While both liberalism and democracy are two political concepts that are capable of standing alone, they are also able to stand together in the form of a liberal democracy. In today’s politics there are two forms of liberalism that have been established; classical liberalism (or neo-liberalism) and modern liberalism, and while liberalism is known for being concerned mainly with “the individual” and self-ruling and democracy mainly with majority rule - the two are seen to compliment each other in the fact they both are linked with freedom. This essay will look at what liberalism means, the different features found in liberalism as well as its two main forms and how they differ. This essay will also look at what makes a democracy, before moving on to look at liberal democracy and how liberalism contributes to liberal democracy by actually forming the basis of liberal democracy by becoming the core
The person wants the state’s traditions to stay stagnant as it will lead to individuals with initiative to come out on top. The source, regarding the issue of the status quo in society, is a belief that connects to conservatism. Classical Liberalism is rooted in liberalism, meaning that the basic principles of democracy are behind their ideas in benefitting society. The intentions of conservatives are to provide opportunities through a private enterprise economy. The system highly encourages the ideals of individualism.
Liberalist goal is promote all these right and freedom to human trough the laws and the institutions put in place by the system and to give the right to people to be treated equally. Next to these ideologies, realist also are strongly believing in the concept of the right of people to have their private properties, the right to do business with any one they may want, and the right of people to free economic trade or exchange without worrying about the reaction of the state nor it interference in his activities unless their legal. At that point some philosopher such as Kant (1795) centered and argues on the relation that exists between institutions and the people being monitor by those institutions. “Democracy leads to global peace”. People will accept his ruling because he exercises his authority with the consent of the people.
Democracy is defined as “a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity are involved in making decision about its affairs.” If everyone is involved, then equality is ensured, and everyone deserves the opportunity to make their voices heard, whether it is through voting or running themselves. Equality is a crucial part of a functioning government system, along with being a key portion of basic human rights. There are two types of democracies: republic and direct. In a republic, or representative democracy, the citizens vote for representatives who in turn vote on whoever is running for office or for a law to be passed. Today, we see this in the United States during the Presidential Elections.
“PUBLIC POLICY AND JUDICIARY” 1. INTRODUCTION-DEMOCRACY AND JUDICIARY Democracy is a system of government in which all citizens of a state have equal participation in making decisions about state’s affairs. The three organs of democracy are the legislature, executive and the judiciary. Legislatures makes the policy and enacts it as law, the Executers executes or carries out policy in action and the judiciary applies the law according to rules of procedural justice and resolves disputes. For a successful democracy, the existence of a free judiciary is a must.