When dealing with the issue of inequality and injustice in today’s society, there are numerous ways one can identify and tackle these concepts. Many philosophers ponder over which frameworks and means of categorization could and should be used when thinking about the topic of inequality. Commonly, current discourse is concerned with answering the question of what should be distributed equally when in reality, there are a number of questions that are important to consider when thinking about the aims of egalitarian theory. Rather than lingering on the question of ‘equality of what’, Iris Marion Young turns to a different issue and contemplates who should be analyzed when navigating the issue of injustice. What unit of analysis should be used?
It should serve as a foundation for public justification among people who have differing notions of the good. The roots to this way of thinking lay in the concept of fairness. Rawls identifies justice with fairness however he does not imply that the notions of justice and fairness are the same. He assumes that the decisions made under the veil of ignorance are supposedly equal in every aspect ergo they are to result in fair and therefore just conclusions. The extent of fairness in this method is however, rather questionable and the same can be said for Rawls’s overall understanding of fairness, especially when looking at practicalities, because Rawls’s theory is highly idealistic and his methodology allegedly universal.
GENDER SENSITIVITY Gender equality derives out of the advancement of human rights and is a fundamental aspect of democratic citizenship. It belongs to the basic civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Violation of such rights hinders societies from achieving the goals and benefits of development. Ramu: Hi Friends..! How are you doing?
Affirmative action focuses on groups that have been discriminated against in the workplace, or schools. It focuses on these people because they were disadvantaged before, it would like to level the “playing field”. The goal of Affirmative active is to achieve equal employment opportunities (Tladi, 2001b: 27). 3.3 Defining Affirmative action Affirmative action means favourable steps taken to increase the appearance of women and minorities in areas of employments, education and culture from which they have been historically excluded. Those steps involve privileged selection, of race, gender or ethnicity, affirmative action generates intense disagreement (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2001: para.
Gender equality is generally the equal rights, opportunities and responsibilities between men and women. However it is important to keep in mind that by attempting to pursue gender equality men and women are not going to be the same, but rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not be determined on whether you are born male or female. It has always been the case that your gender determines your attributes, responsibilities and opportunities. However they are learned through the socialization process and as a result are socially constructedIn all societies there are differences and inequalities between women and men in responsibilities assigned, performed activities and decision-making opportunities. In order to understand and tackle this issue it is important to understand the difference between sex and gender.
This means that the society’s expectations confirm the behavioural, psychological and physical qualities that are related to the particular gender. Moreover, gender identity is a persons sense of self-identification as a female, male, both, neither or somewhere in between. On the other hand, sexuality influences gender but it focuses on a persons sexual orientation/preferences and their capacity for sexual feelings. How a person identifies their gender may be very arguable in many scientific fields, including psychology. This is because researchers have different point of views, regarding how much of gender is due to biological and evolutionary factors (nature), or, they claim, that it might be the result of the person’s culture and their socialisation (nurture).
Discussant Piece Equality of Resources by Ronald Dworkin in Sovereign Virtue The discussion in the class began from taking into account the two theories of equality as provided by Ronald Dworkin in his work i.e. Equality of Welfare and Equality of Resources. But before we discuss equality, it is also necessary to talk about the inequality which usually arises out of the choices made or because of the circumstances. Thus, Dworkin’s theories of equality consider the inequality of any kind and works on the general notion of ‘Equal treatment’. Though, the main focus is upon the Equality of Resources but in order to better understand the same we first discussed in the class, the Equality of Welfare which is to be seen in the light of the ‘Ethical Individualism’.
According to the article qualitative study is the main part of quantitative study. Although there is a weaknesses in the article such that stereotypes as an obstacle, analyzing shows that authors give meaningful arguments, examples, explanations, facts, and effective structure about blatant gender stereotypes and
Competition between the genders has existed since the beginning of time. A common misconception is that we have to compete. Although competition is prevalent, there is a need for genders to be equal. Competition is human nature it seems. How do we not compete with one another but work with one other?
Term 3 RESEARCH TASK: Gender and Gender Equality Gender: “The state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones)” (Oxford, 2014) Sexism: “ Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex” (Oxford, 2014) Gender stereotyping: “Simplistic generalizations about the gender attributes, differences, and roles of individuals and/or groups.” (cliffsnotes, 2013) Gender equality: “ Gender equality is the measurable equal representation of women and men.” (IPPF, 2013) Gender-based violence: “Gender-based violence (GBV) is violence that is directed against a person on the basis of gender. It constitutes a breach of the fundamental right to life, liberty, security, dignity, equality between women and men, non-discrimination and physical and mental integrity” (EIGE, 2014) 1) EXAMPLES IN MY HOME. a. My mother and I are expected to cook every meal and to take the plates back into the kitchen and fetch and collect whatever drinks the men in the house feel like. b.