This showed Europe that the French were capable of revolting and they were not afraid to stand up for what they believed. They demonstrated pure democracy by abolishing the 3 estates and assuming power for the people. These two points are miniscule compared to death, destruction, and economic failures that the Revolution brought. The French Revolution was mostly a failure because of the ineffective execution of reforms and unnecessary massacre of lives. However it was a minor success because of the socialistic ideologies that were given birth to during the Revolution, which helped reform France into what it is today.
While the English government was separated into king and parliament, the French were at a major disadvantage if their king died in their absolute monarchy. By distributing their power between a king and parliament, the English maintained a much more controlled and organized society while the French could easily be thrown into
Haiti’s motivation for independence was slightly different from the French and American Revolution. Haiti had several groups fighting for different causes. The slaves of Haiti were fighting for their independence and to gain their citizenship. The white population wanted to be able to benefit from their hard work on their farms. They had enough of France reaping the awards from their hard work.
“The Haitian revolution was the most successful and symbolic revolution in the 1700’s and 1800’s century. Haitian Revolution began in 1791 and ended in 1804. This Revolution was the largest slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Where slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending slavery and French control over the colony.” (Sutherland, 2007-2015) In this research paper, we will be touching on the brief history of Haiti. The role Toussaint L’Ouverture played, also the causes and effects about the Haitian Revolution.
A goal of the French Revolution was that the third estate became eager to have an actual leader that would pay attention to their needs so they because the National Assembly and agreed on the tennis court oath. They also wanted to create a new government but king Louis XVI wouldn’t sign it off so the National Assembly got mad and they overthrew the bastille. The bastille was a jail where all the prisoners were being kept. The third estate created the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen to express these goals. The goal of the American Revolution was to get away from the British government and be free.
The underlying point that brought the Haitian revolution to be, was the want to be a free person and to end slavery. The French government was responsible for this alarming fact: “More slaves were imported every year... than the entire white population of the island” (Green). France dominated trade at the time, and became the richest colony in the Caribbean, but with the use of violence, inhumanity, and slaves (Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)). This can be seen as a “restriction in society”. During this revolution, there were four main classes known as: “Rich plantation owners, wealthy free people of color, petit blancs, and slaves” (Green), and everybody knew who they were.
They have the estates. Food supply is becoming netter, population is increasing. Intellectual causes of the French Revolution During this time, traditional values were being pushed as more women and children joined the labor force. The enlightenment thinkers brought ideas. One thinker was John locke and he believed in Life, Liberty and Property and natural rights.
One of the main goals of the French Revolution was to abolish the absolute monarchy in France and establish a constitutional monarchy, and this goal was achieved through the Constitution of 1791. This constitution, among other things, stated that a constitutional monarchy should be put into place and the old government- an absolute monarchy- should no longer exist (World History for Us All). This was very important because it got rid of the absolute monarchy, which had caused problems for France in the past. The revolutionaries achieved the primary social goal of the French Revolution, which was to gain equality for the Third Estate in France and to end the exemption of the upper two estates from paying taxes. In the Old Regime, the upper two estates- the clergy and the nobility- had power over the Third Estate.
Even with Haiti being ostracized by many countries, merchants still spread the news and caused many countries to have slave revolts. The significance of the revolution has caused mass change around the world on its stance towards slavery. As the Haitian revolution was the first violent slave uprising the world had seen. With it, then came the concern around slavery and the spark for civil rights movements across the globe. The Haitian revolution was fought based on the American and French revolutions principals, which paved the way for Universal human rights we now have today.
These ideas and beliefs would cause a revolution in France, causing the French Revolution (1789 to 1799). “The French Revolution actualized the Enlightenment 's greatest intellectual breakthrough: detaching the political from the theocratic” (Mishra 3). By the peasants realizing things were unfair with Nobles, Kings, and other high social figures at the time were getting there way, like not having to pay taxes. The Enlightenment is what fueled the French Revolution, by people having new ideas about social justice. “Its leading voices combined confidence in the human mind and human enterprise inspired by scientific revolution and faith in the power of rational criticism to challenge the intellectual authority of tradition and the christian past” (Kagan 589).